Balbronn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Balbronn
Balbronn Temple01.jpg
Coat of arms of Balbronn
Coat of arms
Balbronn is located in France
Balbronn
Balbronn
Coordinates: 48°35′04″N 7°26′16″E / 48.5844°N 7.4378°E / 48.5844; 7.4378Coordinates: 48°35′04″N 7°26′16″E / 48.5844°N 7.4378°E / 48.5844; 7.4378
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Molsheim
Canton Wasselonne
Intercommunality Coteaux de la Mossig
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Daniel Reutenauer
Area1 10.18 km2 (3.93 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 625
 • Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67018 / 67310
Elevation 209–450 m (686–1,476 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Balbronn (German: Ballbronn) is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region of north-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Balbronnais or Balbronnaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Balbronn is located some 25 kilometres west of Strasbourg and 8 km south-west of Wasselonne. Access to the commune is by the D75 road from Westhoffen in the north which passes through the village and continues west through the commune then south-west to Oberhaslach. The D275 goes from the village south-east to Bergbieten. The commune is mostly farmland but with large forests north of the D75 in the west of the commune.[2]

Le Schleithal river flows south through the forests in the west and continues south through the commune to join the Bruche at Dinsheim-sur-Bruche. The Niedermattgraben rises near the village and flows south-east to join the Kehlbach east of Bergbieten.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In his chronicle, Hertzog describes Balbronn as a Staettlin (small town). The church is very old. Inside it is a headstone from 1574 containing the remains of Jean de Mittelhausen and his wife Barbe Hufel.

In the forests in the west of Balbronn there was once a village called Elbersforst which was in a large clearing in the forest where there is now the Auberge d'Elemerforst. A plaque indicates that the place is the property of the Notre Dame works. Stones from the old village can still be seen above the restaurant patio. These are the old foundations of several buildings of what was formerly called Elbersforst. Since 2007 this medieval town has been the subject of archaeological excavations. Elbersforst was part of Westhoffen which depended on Marmourtier Abbey.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Balbronn
Blazon:

Gules, a fountain Argent between four roses of Or set 2 and 2.

These are Canting arms based on Bronn, a derivative of Brunne meaning "fountain" in German.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Daniel Reutenauer Policy officer

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 625 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
935 904 921 993 1,103 1,081 1,076 1,140 1,093
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
994 1,033 1,062 1,019 1,010 994 1,014 1,028 1,003
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
905 885 852 687 652 642 639 618 589
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
594 600 587 563 581 602 652 625 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Balbronn

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Jewish House (1628) at 47-48 Rue BalbachLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • Farmhouses (14th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Chateau at Rue du Chateau (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • The Town Hall/School at 63 Place de la Mairie (1897)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Protestant School at 170 Place du Pasteur-Albert-Kiefer (1834)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Merchant's House at 29 Rue des Tonneliers (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Forester's House at Elmersforst (1755)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Synagogue (disused) at Rue des Femmes (1895)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Protestant Presbytery 173 Rue du Fossé (1732).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12] The Presbytery contains 2 communion ewers (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which are registered as an historical object.[13]
  • A Protestant Church at Place du Pasteur-Albert-Kiefer (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Catherine at Rue de Westhoffen (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15] The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
  • The Interdenominational Cemetery at Rue de Westhoffen (1882)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • The Church and Cemetery of Balbronn (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25] The Cemetery contains a Cemetery Cross (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[26]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Louis Albert Kiefer, pastor from 1873 to 1913, the date of his death, author of the book: Die geschichte balbronn, 1894.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bas-Rhin (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006502 Jewish House (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006504 38 Rue des Champs IA67006505 65 Rue du Chateau IA67006506 40 Rue des Femmes IA67006507 41 Rue des Femmes IA67006508 93 rue de la Fôret IA67006510 169 Rue Neuve IA67006509 17 Rue Neuve IA67006511 122-123 Rue Principale IA67006512 136 Rue Principale IA67006519 Houses and Farms (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006514 Chateau (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006516 Town Hall/School (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006515 Protestant School (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006503 Merchant's House (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006513 Forester's House (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA67000036 IA67006517 Synagogue (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006501 Protestant Presbytery (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67001199 2 Communion Ewers (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006522 Protestant Church (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006521 Parish Church of Saint-Catherine (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010309 Furniture in the church (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010308 Chalice with Paten and Spoon (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010307 Painting: Saint Catherine (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010306 Eucharistic Cabinet (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010305 Baptismal font (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010304 Main Altar (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010303 3 Stained glass windows (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010302 Monumental Cross (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA67006520 Interdenominational Cemetery (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00085276 Church and Cemetery of Balbronn (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67010301 Cemetery Cross (French)

}

External links[edit]