Oakland station (Maryland)

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Oakland, MD
inter-city rail station
The former station in Oakland.
General information
LocationLiberty Street, Oakland, Maryland
Former services
Preceding station BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Rowlesburg Shenandoah Keyser
Preceding station Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Following station
toward St. Louis
St. Louis Line Mountain Lake Park
toward Cumberland
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station, Oakland
Oakland station (Maryland) is located in Maryland
Oakland station (Maryland)
Oakland station (Maryland) is located in the United States
Oakland station (Maryland)
LocationLiberty Street,
Oakland, Maryland
Coordinates39°24′35″N 79°24′47″W / 39.40972°N 79.41306°W / 39.40972; -79.41306Coordinates: 39°24′35″N 79°24′47″W / 39.40972°N 79.41306°W / 39.40972; -79.41306
Area4 acres (1.6 ha)
Built1884 (1884)
ArchitectBaldwin & Pennington
Architectural styleQueen Anne
NRHP reference No.74000953[1]
Added to NRHPFebruary 5, 1974

Oakland station is a historic railroad station located at Oakland, Garrett County, Maryland. It is a large brick structure with a two-story central section featuring a cylindrical tower with a domed cap and one-story wings extending from each end along the railroad tracks. It was designed by Baldwin and Pennington, and built in 1884 by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) across the tracks and a meadow from the Railroad's Oakland Hotel, which opened in 1876, to support the development of Oakland and Garrett County as a resort area.[2] It is one of the finest remaining examples in Maryland of a Queen Anne style railroad station.[3]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Garrett County, Maryland in 1974 as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station, Oakland.[1] It was revived for service on Amtrak's Shenandoah between 1976 and 1981. The city of Oakland bought the station in 1998, and in 2000 restored it with help from the State of Maryland.[2] The station is now the Oakland B&O Museum and is run by the Garrett County Historical Society.[4]

The Museum features the Baltimore & Ohio 476, a 2-8-0 Consolidation-type steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in December, 1920.[5] The engine started life with the Jonesboro, Lake City and Eastern Railroad as #40, and became #76 when that railroad was acquired by the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway (Frisco).[5] After performing freight service for years, the engine was sold in 1947 to the Mississippian Railway where it retained the Frisco number.[5] Following several further changes in ownership,[5] the engine was acquired by the Oakland B&O Museum in 2018 where it was renumbered and relettered as the Baltimore & Ohio 476 as representative of a typical B&O locomotive.[4][6] The B&O did run 2-8-0 steam engines as its Class E locomotives.[7] The tender mated with the locomotive was previously in operational service with the Arcade & Attica Railroad's Engine #18, and was acquired by the museum in 2018 in a swap.[6]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Avery, Carlos P. (2003). E. Francis Baldwin, Architect: The B&O, Baltimore, and Beyond. Baltimore, Maryland: Baltimore Architecture Foundation. p. 33. ISBN 0-9729743-0-X.
  3. ^ Nancy Miller and William Morgan (July 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Araby" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
  4. ^ a b "Homepage". Oakland B&O Museum. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "The Frisco Survivors" (PDF). All Aboard, The Frisco Railroad Museum, November, 1987 (accessed on CondrenRails.com). Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  6. ^ a b "B&O Locomotive". Engage Mountain Maryland (accessed on Youtube). Retrieved November 8, 2021.
  7. ^ "B&O Railroad Class E Locomotive (2-8-0)". DigitalMaryland. Retrieved November 2, 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Oakland station (Maryland) at Wikimedia Commons