BWI Rail Station
The station viewed from the adjacent parking garage in 2014
|Location||7 Amtrak Way
BWI Airport, Maryland
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Connections||Baltimore Light Rail via Shuttle bus
MTA Bus 17, MTA Bus 201
Regional Transportation Agency of Central Maryland Route 501/Silver
|Passengers (2015)||669,609 annually 3.3% (Amtrak)|
BWI Airport station is a train station located in an unincorporated area within Anne Arundel County, Maryland. It is served by Amtrak intercity services (frequent Northeast Regional and Acela Express trains plus the daily Vermonter and Palmetto) and MARC Penn Line regional rail service.
The station is located on the airport complex just over a mile from the main terminal of Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. A free shuttle bus runs between the station and the airport terminal every 12 minutes from 5 am to 1 am and every 25 minutes from 1 am to 5 am.
The station was dedicated on October 23, 1980, and was the first intercity rail station in the U.S. built to service an airport. It is about a 20-minute train ride south of Baltimore's Penn Station, a 20-minute ride north of New Carrollton, Maryland (and its connection with the Orange Line of Washington Metro), and a 35-minute ride north of Washington's Union Station.
The station's building houses a ticketing desk, waiting room, and a concessions area. The adjacent parking garage is used by commuters who ride the train to work in Baltimore or Washington, and also contains the bus stop for shuttles to the BWI terminal. The garage was built in the late 1990s to replace a smaller surface lot. It contains 3,200 parking spaces and typically does not fill to capacity. The Carolinian served the station between 1991 and 2004.
The 1,050 feet (320 m) high-level platforms were rebuilt and lengthened in 2006–10. The existing structures were replaced with new precast concrete segments, and new signs, lights, shelters, railing, canopies, and benches were installed.
$9.4 million has been allocated for design and engineering of a new station building and fourth track, which is expected to cost $80–100 million. The existing station will be demolished to make way for the new track and platform, and a new station—twice the size of the old—will be built. The Federal Railroad Administration issued a Finding Of No Significant Impact—a major step in the environmental review process—in February 2016. This will allow final design and construction to proceed once funding is obtained.
A number of transportation services connect to the station, including a dedicated taxi stand. Some of these services include Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) Bus, BWI Shuttle, and University of Maryland Baltimore County Transit Shuttle. While rental cars are not available at the station, the nearby BWI consolidated rental car facility is accessible via the station's other connecting modes.
Local public transit services
- Airport shuttle bus: The station is indirectly connected to MTA's Baltimore Light Rail, for which there is a stop (BWI Marshall Airport) station at the airport terminal.
- MTA bus route 17: Connects the station to Arundel Mills (to the south) and the Patapsco Baltimore Light Rail station (to the north), with stops at the airport terminal and the BWI Business District station.
- MTA commuter bus route 201: Offers service between Gaithersburg and BWI Airport.
- Regional Transportation Agency of Central Maryland Route 501/Silver: Service to BWI Airport, Arundel Mills, Howard County and The Mall in Columbia.
- UMBC Transit
- BayRunner Shutter, a private shuttle connecting east to the Eastern Shore area of Maryland and connecting shuttle to Cumberland.
Pedestrian and bicycle access
- BWI Trail: A hiker/biker trail completely encircles the airport grounds parallel to the Airport Loop, and runs adjacent to the station.
- An elevated walkway connects the station (at the second floor of the southbound platform's stairwell) with office buildings on Corporate Center Drive, including the Maryland Department of Transportation headquarters.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2015, State of Maryland" (PDF). Amtrak Government Affairs. November 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- "Ground Transportation: Amtrak". Maryland Aviation Administration. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- "BWI Rail Station dedication booklet, 1980.". Amtrak. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- "Availability of MARC Parking". Archived from the original on July 12, 2008. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
- "Maryland Transit Administration renovates BWI station platforms". Progressive Railroading. Trade Press Media Group, Inc. November 24, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- "MARC Council January 2010 Meeting Minutes" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 23, 2010.
- "Governor O'Malley Applauds President Obama for High Speed Rail Investment in Maryland" (Press release). State of Maryland. January 28, 2010. Archived from the original on February 3, 2010.
- "Maryland has plans for bigger BWI rail station". Railway Track and Structures. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. September 9, 2009. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
- "FRA Gives Green Light to Rebuild BWI Rail Station, Increase Service and Reliability" (Press release). Federal Railroad Administration. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- "Bus Routes". Maryland Transit Administration. Archived from the original on January 18, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
- "The BWI Trail". Bike Washington. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
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