Bancroft, Ontario

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Bancroft
Town (lower-tier)
Town of Bancroft
Bancroft ON.JPG
Motto: A Place for All Seasons
Bancroft is located in Southern Ontario
Bancroft
Bancroft
Coordinates: 45°03′N 77°51′W / 45.050°N 77.850°W / 45.050; -77.850Coordinates: 45°03′N 77°51′W / 45.050°N 77.850°W / 45.050; -77.850
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Hastings
Settled 1852
Incorporated December 1904 (village)
Incorporated 1999 (town)
Government
 • Mayor Bernice Jenkins
 • Council Bancroft Town Council:
Bancroft Ward, Dungannon Ward
 • Federal riding Hastings—Lennox and Addington
 • Prov. riding Prince Edward—Hastings
Area[1]
 • Land 229.56 km2 (88.63 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,880
 • Density 16.9/km2 (44/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal Code K0L 1C0
Area code(s) 613 and 343
Website www.town.bancroft.on.ca

Bancroft is a town located on the York River in Hastings County in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was first settled in the 1850s by United Empire Loyalist and Irish immigrants. From the mid 1950s to about 1982 mining was the primary industry. A village until 1999, Bancroft then merged with Dungannon Township to form the Town of Bancroft. The population at the time of the 2016 Census was 3,881.

History[edit]

By 1823, the government had purchased nearly two million acres of land from the Chippewa and Mississaga First Nations including a tract on the York River in Hastings County which had been established in 1792.[2] The area was mapped in 1835 by explorer David Thompson (explorer).[3]

The first family to build a cabin here, the Clarks in 1853, did so to take advantage of the fur trade. Early settlers included James Cleak and Alfred Barker from England who arrived in 1855, settling on Quarry Lake. They got jobs in administration; Cleak opened a small store and Barker became the first postmaster. Over the years the settlement grew quickly; there were 89 families by 1868.[4] Lumber companies arrived to remove timber.

Some of the earliest settlers were United Empire Loyalists, but from 1856 to 1861, most were from Ireland, fleeing the problems caused by the Great Famine (Ireland); many had farming experience and settled in the Township of Dungannon where the land was fertile. Most of the settlers were attracted to the area by the offer of free 100-acre (0.40 km2) parcels that had been advertised in Great Britain.[5] Some of the residents also sold furs, obtained through trapping.

The settlement had various names over the first years, York Mills, York River and York Branch; when the post office opened in 1861 it was called York River.[6] A grist mill opened in 1865, gold was discovered in 1866 and other minerals would be discovered later. The first church and two schools were built in 1870 In 1879 the name of the settlement was changed to Bancroft by Senator Billa Flint, after the maiden name of his wife.[7][8] Flint convinced tradesmen to move to the area and that helped to attract more settlers.[9] A woolen mill began operating in 1884.[10]

The Central Ontario Railway arrived in 1900, and in 1903 a second railway, the I.B. & O., built a line through here. They were beneficial in transporting settlers and goods; the railway would operate here until 1982. Bancroft was incorporated as a village in December 1904. The first telephone in the village was at the railway station; it was connected in 1905. Electricity was not available until 1930.[8][11][12]

Uranium was discovered in 1949 and construction of the first mine (Faraday) started in 1952. The very large Madawaska Mine operated until 1982. Other minerals were also mined over the years.[13] The closing of the mine caused some economic hardship. In 1999, Bancroft merged with Dungannon Township to form the Town of Bancroft.[14]

Demographics[edit]

The population of Bancroft at the time of the 2016 Census was 3881 in the 229.51 square kilometers encompassed by the town. For some years, the population had been dropping but has been quite stable since 2011.[15]

Canada census – Bancroft, Ontario community profile
2011 2006
Population: 3880 (1.1% from 2006) 3838 (-6.1% from 2001)
Land area: 229.56 km2 (88.63 sq mi) 227.84 km2 (87.97 sq mi)
Population density: 16.9/km2 (44/sq mi) 16.8/km2 (44/sq mi)
Median age: 49.4 (M: 47.9, F: 50.8) 47.0 (M: 45.9, F: 48.2)
Total private dwellings: 1896 1849
Median household income: $38,480
References: 2011[16] 2006[17] earlier[18]

Population trend:[19]

  • Population in 2011: 3880
  • Population in 2006: 3838
  • Population in 2001: 4089
  • Population in 1996:
    • Bancroft (village): 2554
    • Dungannon (township): 1526
  • Population in 1991:
    • Bancroft (village): 2383
    • Dungannon (township): 1412

Mother tongue:[20]

  • English as first language: 96.4%
  • French as first language: 0.8%
  • English and French as first language: 0.3%
  • Other as first language: 2.5%

Attractions[edit]

Iron foot-bridge over the York river, connecting to Millennium Park and The Rex

Located in Central Ontario, part of the Canadian Shield, Bancroft is well known in Canada as an excellent location for rockhounding. Bancroft styles itself as the "mineral capital of Canada" and holds an annual event in August called the "Rockhound Gemboree".[21]

There is also a Mineral Museum in Bancroft dedicated to the area's storied mining history. There is little active mining going on today, although the talk of the Brock Project in early 2014 has spurred recent industrial activity in the area.[22]

A popular location is a craggy lookout called Eagle's Nest, a short distance north of the town. This scenic cliff, with a height of over 60 m (200 ft), overlooks the York River valley, the town of Bancroft, and other densely forest-covered ridges that surround it. It was the location of one of Ontario's first ever heavy steel fire towers in the 1930s built by the former Dept. of Lands and Forests. 12 m (39 ft) icicles dangle from its largest and most massive cliff in the winter and conceals parts of it entirely. It is a popular spot for mountain climbers to practice ice climbing in the winter. However, the road to the top is steep and generally impassable in the winter. Another popular location is a series of abandoned Mineral caves/mines at Egan's Chute on Highway 28 north-east of Bancroft.

Egan's Chute lies east of the town on Highway 28. The chute is a small gorge which the York River churns through, creating white water falls.

The lakes surrounding Bancroft are dotted with cottages, mostly seasonally occupied.

Bancroft lies in a region criss-crossed with snowmobile trails, making it a hub for snowmobilers in the winter months. In the summer these trails are used by hikers and ATV enthusiasts.

The local curling club opened in 1957, and has hosted increasingly notable bonspiels - including the 2005 Ontario Regional Men's Championship and in March 2008, the Tim Hortons Colts Provincial Championship. The town now sports one 9 hole golf course, and one 18 hole golf course.

A skate park was established in 2008. Located on the Hastings Heritage Trail. The skate park was designed by Spectrum Skate Park Creations and was fund raised for by the North Hastings Freedom Skate Park Committee. Through the many oppositions that the committee had, they succeeded. The Skate parks grand opening was on May 30, 2009.

An Oktoberfest is held annually by the Bancroft District Fish & Game Protective Association.[23]

Users of the TripAdvisor web site rate the following as some of the top attractions in the area: Silent Lake Provincial Park, Eagle's Nest, Egan Chutes Provincial Park, Art Gallery of Bancroft, The Village Playhouse and the Mineral Museum.[24]

Camping and hiking[edit]

Silent Lake Provincial Park nearby south on Highway 28 provides local camping opportunities. American sportsmen fished and hunted on this private lake for 40 years before it became a park. Silent Lake has a rocky and undeveloped shoreline, a mixed forest and marshes full of birds and wildlife best seen by canoe. A rugged trail circles the lake, and sections of groomed ski trails have been graded for mountain biking.

Algonquin Provincial Park about an hour away on Highway 62 N - Highway 127 N - Highway 60 W provides camping and hiking opportunities, beautiful forest and outdoor scenery. Portaging is quite common in this park. Algonquin offers many visitor attractions. Like Silent Lake, Algonquin has a rocky, treed and extensive undeveloped shoreline, a mixed forest and marshes full of birds and wildlife best seen by canoe. The OFSC trails through the park provide easy winter access by snowmobile.

One of the most common sights is the Canadian Moose.

Arts[edit]

In 2004, Bancroft won TVOntario's "Most Talented Town in Ontario" contest. A large number of artists and artisans live in the surrounding area, and exhibit together in events like the "Fall Studio Tour".

The Art Gallery of Bancroft (AGB) is located in the town of Bancroft, Ontario, Canada and is the area's only public not-for profit art gallery. Completely run by dedicated volunteers, the AGB mounts 11-12 exhibitions per year celebrating the work of local and regional artists and artisans. These exhibitions include the popular annual "Juried Show" and the annual student show displaying the work of four regional high schools. The gallery gift shop displays the paintings and fine crafts of area artists and the AGB boasts a permanent collection including some of Ontario's finest artists.

The town is home to the "Village Playhouse",[25] a theatre which has been hosting sold out plays, musicals and concerts since the early 1990s. Formerly the Bancroft Community Hall, this historical building was once the local jail, court house and library.

Transportation[edit]

Old train station (in 2006)

Bancroft lies at the intersection of two provincial highways, Highway 28 and Highway 62, with several other inroads allowing access to the city.

Bancroft is served by the Jack Brown Airport, a Transport Canada Registered Aerodrome (CNW3), with a 2,200 foot (670 m) crushed gravel runway, located immediately adjoining the town. A small airport, it was named after the man who was reeve at the time and instrumental in its construction. Currently operated by the Bancroft Flying Club, the Jack Brown Airport is freely available to the general public and frequently referred to as The Bancroft Airport. Due to high terrain near both ends of the runway, pilots typically use a non-standard circuit, following the York River valley through the town for departing from runway 12 or landing on runway 30.

The Central Ontario Railway arrived in November 1900 connecting Bancroft with Trenton. The railway went through the Musclow-Greenview road and extended behind Birds Creek through a back trail (which is now used for cyclists and fourwheeling) and continued through the town eventually going further away from the town at the 'Y' road division. The line was closed in 1975 and subsequently removed. The Bancroft, Irondale and Ottawa Railway connected Bancroft with Kinmount, Ontario. The line was purchased by the Canadian Northern Ontario Railway which became part of the Canadian National Railways in 1918. The line was abandoned in 1960.[7]

The old train station in Bancroft served as the Chamber of Commerce and Mineral Museum until it was condemned in 2008. The Chamber, Mineral Museum, and Art Gallery relocated to other sites in the town. In 2011, the old station was moved onto a new foundation;[26] it is now restored with an addition at the southern end of the building to house the Bancroft Gem and Mineral Club’s museum[27] and a caboose, which is not currently in use.[28]

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

  • Bancroft Times, an independently-owned weekly (5000 copies, paid circulation) founded 1894.[29]
  • Bancroft This Week
  • North Hastings Advertiser

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

Climate[edit]


Climate data for Bancroft
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
12.2
(54)
24.4
(75.9)
30.0
(86)
33.3
(91.9)
35.0
(95)
37.8
(100)
36.1
(97)
33.9
(93)
27.8
(82)
23.9
(75)
16.0
(60.8)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
3.0
(37.4)
10.3
(50.5)
17.9
(64.2)
22.5
(72.5)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
19.3
(66.7)
12.8
(55)
4.8
(40.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
10.7
(51.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−9.5
(14.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.1
(39.4)
11.0
(51.8)
16.0
(60.8)
18.7
(65.7)
17.4
(63.3)
13.2
(55.8)
7.2
(45)
0.7
(33.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
4.8
(40.6)
Average low °C (°F) −16.5
(2.3)
−15.9
(3.4)
−8.6
(16.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.0
(39.2)
9.4
(48.9)
12.2
(54)
11.2
(52.2)
7.1
(44.8)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11.9
(10.6)
−1.1
(30)
Record low °C (°F) −43.9
(−47)
−42.2
(−44)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−10.0
(14)
−5.0
(23)
0.0
(32)
−1.7
(28.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−41.1
(−42)
−43.9
(−47)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60.9
(2.398)
53.1
(2.091)
65.8
(2.591)
63.5
(2.5)
81.7
(3.217)
89.8
(3.535)
73.8
(2.906)
86.2
(3.394)
90.6
(3.567)
78.3
(3.083)
83.8
(3.299)
77.4
(3.047)
905.1
(35.634)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 12.5
(0.492)
17.1
(0.673)
37.6
(1.48)
53.7
(2.114)
80.9
(3.185)
89.8
(3.535)
73.8
(2.906)
86.2
(3.394)
90.6
(3.567)
75.4
(2.969)
63.9
(2.516)
27.9
(1.098)
709.5
(27.933)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 47.8
(18.82)
36.0
(14.17)
28.2
(11.1)
9.8
(3.86)
0.8
(0.31)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.9
(1.14)
20.0
(7.87)
49.1
(19.33)
194.6
(76.61)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11 9 11 10 11 12 11 11 11 12 12 12 134
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2 2 6 9 11 12 11 11 11 12 9 3 99
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10 8 6 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 9 39
Source: Environment Canada[30]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bancroft census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  2. ^ http://town.bancroft.on.ca/index.php/living/about-bancroft
  3. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/history-bancroft-area/bancroft-history/
  4. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=uXk3yUgj1yYC&pg=PA99&dq=Kingston,+ontario&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiBna2wxr7TAhVL7YMKHfRMD744HhDoAQg3MAQ#v=onepage&q=bancroft%2C%20ontario&f=false, page 28-30
  5. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/history-bancroft-area/bancroft-history/
  6. ^ Reynolds, Nila (1979). Bancroft, a Bonanza of Memories. Bancroft Centennial Committee. p. 90. 
  7. ^ a b Bancroft & District Chamber of Commerce, Bancroft District 2006 Destination Guide
  8. ^ a b "About Bancroft". Town of Bancroft. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  9. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/bancroft-history-2/
  10. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/historical-timeline/
  11. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/bancroft-history-2/
  12. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/historical-timeline/
  13. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/bancroft-history-2/
  14. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/historical-timeline/
  15. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=PR&Code1=01&Geo2=CSD&Code2=3512061&Data=Count&SearchText=Bancroft&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All
  16. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  17. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  18. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  19. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  20. ^ "2006 Community Profiles - Community highlights for Clearview". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  21. ^ http://bancroftontario.com/index.cfm?vNavID=2&vSubNavID=52
  22. ^ http://www.bancroftontario.com/bancroft-attractions/
  23. ^ "Bancroft & District Chamber of Commerce: Upcoming Events". bancroftdistrict.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  24. ^ https://www.tripadvisor.ca/Attractions-g181760-Activities-Bancroft_Ontario.html
  25. ^ "The Village Playhouse - Best of the Arts in North Hastings". bancroftvillageplayhouse.ca. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "Bancroft Train station lift". tedfordhousemovers.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  27. ^ "Bancroft Railway Station «  McDougall Minerals". mcdougallminerals.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "Use of the Caboose - My Bancroft Now". moosefm.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  29. ^ "Bancroft Times". thebancrofttimes.ca. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  30. ^ "Bancroft, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1961–1990 (in English and French). Environment Canada. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 

External links[edit]