Banya Bashi Mosque

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Banya Bashi Mosque
Баня Баши джамия
Banya Bashi Mosque Sofia.jpg
LocationSofia, Bulgaria
Banya Bashi Mosque is located in Sofia
Banya Bashi Mosque
Location within Sofia
Geographic coordinates42°41′58″N 23°19′21″E / 42.69944°N 23.32250°E / 42.69944; 23.32250Coordinates: 42°41′58″N 23°19′21″E / 42.69944°N 23.32250°E / 42.69944; 23.32250
Architect(s)Mimar Sinan
StyleOttoman architecture
Dome dia. (inner)15 m[1]

Banya Bashi Mosque (Bulgarian: Баня баши джамия, Banya bashi dzhamiya; Turkish: Banya Başı Camii) is a mosque in Sofia, Bulgaria.


Banya Bashi Mosque from the west
Banya Bashi Mosque north side
Banya Bashi Mosque south side

The mosque was designed by the famous Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan and completed in 1566, during the years the Ottomans had control of the city. The mosque derives its name from the phrase Banya Bashi, which means many baths. (In the Turkish language Banyo means bath and Baş pronounced Bash means 'head' or 'main', so looking at the location it is built on, a more logical translation of the name would be 'Head of the bath mosque') The most outstanding feature of the mosque is that it was actually built over natural thermal spas; one can even see the steam rising from vents in the ground near the mosque walls. The mosque is famous for its large dome, diameter 15m, and the minaret.

Currently, the Banya Bashi Mosque is the only functioning mosque in Sofia, a remnant of the Ottoman rule of Bulgaria that lasted nearly five centuries, and is used by the city's Muslim community.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bulgaria: The Bradt Travel Guide, Annie Kay, page 89, 2008

External links[edit]