|Studio album by Bathory|
|Studio||Heavenshore Studio, Stockholm, Sweden|
|Producer||Quorthon, The Boss|
Cover of all subsequent releases of Bathory following the original pressing
Bathory is the debut studio album by Swedish extreme metal band Bathory. It was released in October 1984, through Tyfon Grammofon. It is deemed by many fans and critics to be the first black metal record.
Background and recording
Bathory had been formed in 1983. The band's frontman, Quorthon, worked part-time at the small record label Tyfon. In late 1983 and early 1984, the label was putting together a compilation of songs by Scandinavian metal bands. However, at the last minute, one of the bands backed out. Tyfon agreed to let Bathory appear on the record as a replacement, and the band recorded two songs for the compilation—"Sacrifice" and "The Return of the Darkness and Evil"—in January. The album, Scandinavian Metal Attack, was released in March 1984 and was Bathory's first appearance on record. To everyone's surprise, over 95% of fan mail sent to the label after the record's release was dedicated to Bathory. Tyfon asked the band to record a full-length album. His bandmates having moved away, Quorthon recruited Rickard Bergman as bassist and Stefan Larsson as drummer. On 22 May 1984, they had their first and only rehearsal together before recording the album. Here they recorded the songs "Satan My Master" and "Witchcraft", which would later appear on the compilation album Jubileum Volume III.
On 14 June the band entered Heavenshore Studio in Stockholm—a converted garage—to record the debut. The studio had a homemade eight-channel tape recorder. Due to the band's tight budget, they ran the recorder at half-speed to fit everything on one master tape. They also had to work quickly – the recording and mixing were done in somewhere between 32 and 56 hours.
The album was originally to be named Pentagrammaton and to have a pentagram on the cover, but this name was scrapped when several people misread it as Pentagon. The pentagram was moved to the back and replaced with a re-touched portion of a drawing made by Joseph A. Smith in 1981 for the book Witches by Erica Jong. For the writing on the back cover, Quorthon bought a set of rub-on letters in the Old English font; however, he was one letter short ('C'), and as a result, the second 'C' in "Necromancy" was replaced with an 'S'. The introduction, "Storm of Damnation", was also mistakenly left off the track listing.
The goat on the album cover, taken from a drawing by Joseph Smith, was originally meant to be printed in gold. However, this was too expensive to use, so Quorthon asked for it to be as near to gold as possible; the result was more of a yellowish color. According to Swedish Death Metal, Quorthon thought it looked "awful", and after the first 1000 pressings it was switched to black-and-white. The yellow cover has become a collector's item, and is now well known as "Gula Geten" ("The Yellow Goat").
Daniel Ekeroth, author of the book Swedish Death Metal, described the album's style as "basically a mix of the Satanic party rock of Venom and the energy of San Francisco thrash metal". While Bathory leader Quorthon claimed to have not heard Venom before making the album and to be inspired by Black Sabbath, Motörhead and GBH, former drummer Jonas Åkerlund claimed that Bathory was "exclusively" inspired by Venom during these days.
Release and reception
|Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal||4/10|
Bathory was released in October 1984 and sold out its subsequent pressing of 1000 in two weeks. The album has since gained a cult notoriety. Bathory was reissued in 1990 through Black Mark Production.
AllMusic critic Rob Ferrier wrote: "The music itself has a certain lo-fi charm, and if you're into this sort of thing the raw power of this debut cannot be ignored." Canadian journalist Martin Popoff called the album "a cruel joke but a historically poignant one" and remarked how, despite striving "to be the leading edge of repellent extreme", Quorthon's debut is very musical "versus the black-hearted Norwegian acts" that would cite him as a main influence.
All tracks written by Quorthon.
|1.||"Storm of Damnation (Intro)"||3:06|
|6.||"In Conspirasy with Satan"||2:29|
|8.||"Raise the Dead"||3:41|
- Quorthon (Thomas Börje Forsberg) – vocals, guitar, production
- Stefan Larsson – drums
- Rickard Bergman – bass guitar
- The Boss (Börje Forsberg) – engineering, production
- Ferrier, Rob. "Bathory - Bathory: Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards: AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Ekeroth 2008, p. 29.
- Ekeroth 2008, p. 30.
- "Trivia: What you have always wanted to know about Bathory (but was always too busy headbanging to ask)". Bathory Official Website. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
- DePalma, Todd (16 April 2008). "On Jos. A. Smith's illustrations for Witches + A statement from Black Mark Records". The Left Hand Path.com. Archived from the original on 16 October 2008. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
- "Bathory - Recording the debut album". Bathory Official Website. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
- "Writing the deeds of Darkness and Evil". Bathory Official Website. Retrieved 2017-02-12.
- Ekeroth 2008, p. 32.
- Ekeroth 2008, p. 31.
- Lahtinen, Luxi: An Epic Interview with Quorthon. 2001. Accessed on 2 October 2012.
- Popoff, Martin (1 November 2005). The Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal: Volume 2: The Eighties. Burlington, Ontario, Canada: Collector's Guide Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 978-1894959315.