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Begur is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located off Bengaluru-Hosur highway. It is said to have been a prominent place during the rule of the Western Ganga Dynasty and later the Chola Kingdom.
Panchalingeshwara temple is located in the centre of Begur. It has a 1100 years old inscription which is the oldest existing reference to a place called 'Bengaluru'. The area was ruled by the Western Ganga Dynasty and in the 10th century the Cholas had acquired the territory.
The Nageshwara temple was built by Ereganga Neetimarga around 9th century and Panchaligeshwara temple was built by Akthiyar of the Chola Kingdom.
Near the temple, there exists a tiny circular fort, about 1.4 km² in area, is built by the Cholas. The date of construction is unknown (no research done), but the existence of a 1100-year-old inscription on the gateway of the fort would suggest the same age for the fort.
Begur is well connected to KR Market, Shivaji Nagar and Kempegowda Bus Stand by BMTC services. The suburb is proximate to NH-44 which connects to Hosur, a border town of the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Bangalore Airport and railway station are reachable with the available Outer Ring Road passing through this area along with availability of BMTC buses to and fro between Begur and central part of the city. The arterial road passing through the area, Begur Road, is planned to be widened to ease the growing vehicular traffic on the route.
- "Begur Pin Code". India Post, GoI.
- Divya Shekhar (4 February 2016). "Begur's Panchalingeshwara temple gives earliest proof of Bengaluru's existence". The Economic Times.
- "Ganga-era inscription stone discovered inside Begur lake". The Economic Times. 1 October 2018.
- Renuka Krishnaraja (30 April 2018). "Spectrum: Where the past lingers". Deccan Herald.
- "BBMP kicks off process for Begur Road widening". The Times of India. 1 February 2019.
- "TDR only way to acquire land to widen three major roads in Bengaluru: Basavaraj Bommai". Deccan Herald. 22 September 2021.