Hosur

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Temple Chariot
Bus Station
Muncipal Office
Hosur
ஓசூர்
Municipality
Coordinates: 12°44′06″N 77°49′44″E / 12.735°N 77.829°E / 12.735; 77.829Coordinates: 12°44′06″N 77°49′44″E / 12.735°N 77.829°E / 12.735; 77.829
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Krishnagiri
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Hosur Municipality
 • Sub Collector Dr K Senthil Raj IAS
Elevation 879 m (2,884 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 116,821
Languages
 • Official Tamil
 • Other Telugu, Kannada[1]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 6351xx
Telephone code 04344[2]
Vehicle registration TN 70
Sex ratio 1.118 /
Website http://municipality.tn.gov.in/hosur/

Hosur is an Industrial town and a municipality in Krishnagiri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the largest town in the Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu and headquarters of the Hosur taluk . It is located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Bangalore, 48 kilometres (30 mi) from Krishnagiri, 82 kilometres from dharmapuri and 306 kilometres (190 mi) west of Chennai, the state capital. Hosur is starting as gateway to Karnataka from Tamil Nadu and has become a satellite town of Bangalore. Hosur assembly constituency is part of Krishnagiri Lok Sabha constituency.[3]

History[edit]

Hosur was part of Mysore Kingdom until 1799, when Tipu Sultan lost the third Anglo-Mysore war, he handed over southern part of Mysore kingdom as a part settlement to English government.

Administration[edit]

Hosur was constituted as a Selection Grade Town Panchayat in the 1962. And it was upgraded to Second Grade Municipality in the Year 1992. In the year 1998 it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality vide G.O.(MAWS) No.85 dt. 22.05.1998. In 2011, Vide GO. No. 127 dt.08.09.2011 town panchayats Mathigiri, Village Panchayats Zuzuvadi, Mookandapalli, Avalapalli, Chennathur were included in Hosur Municipality.

Climate[edit]

Hosur experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Hosur usually enjoys salubrious and moderate climate throughout the year, with occasional heat waves. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 17.1 °C and the hottest month is May with an average high temperature of 33.6 °C.[citation needed] Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C, and summer temperatures seldom exceed 35 °C. Hosur receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are October, September and August, in that order. The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms but no flooding. Humidity is 31% and average rainfall is 84 cm.

Climate data for Hosur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
29.4
(84.9)
33.0
(91.4)
33.3
(91.9)
33.2
(91.8)
29.3
(84.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.1
(82.6)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
29.37
(84.85)
Average low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
16.2
(61.2)
18.6
(65.5)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.7
(67.5)
19.4
(66.9)
19.1
(66.4)
17.2
(63)
15.5
(59.9)
18.57
(65.43)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7
(0.28)
8
(0.31)
3
(0.12)
62
(2.44)
94
(3.7)
63
(2.48)
78
(3.07)
101
(3.98)
134
(5.28)
179
(7.05)
65
(2.56)
15
(0.59)
809
(31.86)
Source: en.climate-data.org,[4]

Demographics[edit]

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
  
83.66%
Muslim
  
11.37%
Christian
  
4.5%
Sikh
  
0.05%
Buddhist
  
0.02%
Jain
  
0.11%
Other
  
0.27%
No religion
  
0.02%

According to 2011 census, Hosur had a population of 116,821 with a sex-ratio of 968 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[5] A total of 14,307 were under the age of six, constituting 7,274 males and 7,033 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 8.08% and .17% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 76.69%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[5] The city had a total of 29255 households. There were a total of 43,959 workers, comprising 212 cultivators, 308 main agricultural labourers, 747 in house hold industries, 38,463 other workers, 4,229 marginal workers, 57 marginal cultivators, 62 marginal agricultural laborers, 189 marginal workers in household industries and 3,921 other marginal workers.

As per the religious census of 2011, Hosur had 83.66% Hindus, 11.37% Muslims, 4.5% Christians, 0.05% Sikhs, 0.02% Buddhists, 0.11% Jains, 0.27% following other religions and 0.02% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[6]

Hosur is a cosmopolitan town with mix of linguistic groups. Tamil is the official and widely spoken language. There are large number of Telugu speakers followed by Kannada speakers in the town.[7]

Economy[edit]

Hosur is an industrial hub and houses several automobile and manufacturing industries. The major companies include TVS Motors, Ashok Leyland, Titan, Hindustan Motors, Kamaz Vectra Motors, Alstom, Faiveley Transport, Caterpillar Inc., Carborundum Universal, Exide Industries Ltd, Hindustan Motors, Hindustan Unilever,Schaeffler, TTK Prestige, Bata Shoes and Del Monte Foods. There are plans for the development of an Information Technology Special Economic Zone near Hosur.[8] ELCOT has called for applications for the allotment of land in the IT Park of Hosur in the month of June 2010. Proximity to Bangalore is seen as advantage.

A variety of fruits and vegetables are cultivated around Hosur. The land is very fertile and there is significant access to fresh water as well as labor. Crops consist of tomatoes, cabbages, onions, mangoes, capsicum, carrot, cucumber, beans, coriander leaves, turnip and radish. Roses are also grown in large numbers.[9] District Livestock Farm[10] was started in 1824. Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Centre (CSGRC)[11] was established in 1991 to protect and conserve mulberry and silkworm germ plasm resources.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

National Highway AH 44(Old NH7) passes through Hosur connecting it with Bangalore and Salem. This stretch of the highway passing through the town is a Golden quadrilateral Highway Hosur has a central bus station which was re-constructed and opened on July 18, 2010.[12][13] TNSTC Salem Division buses connect Hosur to major cities and towns in Tamil Nadu and also to neighboring states. Several private bus services and KSRTC also operate buses connecting Hosur.

Rail[edit]

Hosur Railway Station

Hosur has a railway station, located on the Bengaluru-Salem railway line and falls under the Bengaluru Division of the South Western Railway. Hosur is well connected to major cities across the country by rail.

Air[edit]

Hosur Aerodrome was established in 1994. It has 7012 feet long and 150 feet wide runway. The present aerodrome located at Bellagondahalli is maintained by TAAL.The nearest major airport is the Bengaluru International Airport, about 80 km from Hosur.

Places of interest[edit]

Images[edit]

James Hunter served as a Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery. He was a military painter, and his sketches portrayed aspects of military and everyday life. Some of his paintings of Hosur are below[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WELCOME TO CENSUS OF INDIA : Census India Library". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  2. ^ "STD Codes (Tamil Nadu)". Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  4. ^ "Climate:Hosur". Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "WELCOME TO CENSUS OF INDIA : Census India Library". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  8. ^ "Plans for IT-SEZ in Hosur". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2009-06-09. 
  9. ^ "TANFLORA - Tidco". tidco.com. 
  10. ^ "District Livestock Farm". 
  11. ^ "CSGRC". 
  12. ^ "New bus stand in Hosur to be named after Appavu Pillai". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 July 2010. 
  13. ^ "Stalin to commission new bus stand in Hosur today". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 17 July 2010. 
  14. ^ Ebinesan, J (2006). "James Hunter's Bangalore". Retrieved 21 January 2015. 

External links[edit]