Little England, Rose City, Flower City, Industrial City, Gateway of Tamilnadu,
|• Body||Hosur Muncipal corporation|
|• Mayor||Vacant-Not assigned|
|• Corporation Commissioner||Vacant-Not assigned IAS|
|• Commissioner of Police||Vacant-Not assigned IPS|
|• Total||90 km2 (30 sq mi)|
|Elevation||880 m (2,890 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||4344|
|Vehicle registration||TN 70|
|Sex ratio||1000:963 ♂/♀|
Hosur is an Industrial city in Indian state of Tamil Nadu . It is located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Bangalore, 48 kilometres (30 mi) from Krishnagiri, 82 kilometres from Dharmapuri, 174 km West of Vellore and 306 kilometres (190 mi) west of Chennai, the state capital. Hosur is the gateway to Karnataka's Capital City from Tamil Nadu and serves as the satellite town of Bengaluru. Hosur assembly constituency is part of Krishnagiri Lok Sabha constituency.
It is also known as "The little England of India"
The Hosur city was found by Kings of Hoysala Dynasty around 1200 A.D. The Famous Chandrachoodeshwara swamy Temple (Malaikkovil) was built by Hoysala Kings in the same century. First Vijayanagara Samrajyam kingdom after Hosur was part of Mysore Province until 1799. When Tipu Sultan lost the third Anglo-Mysore war, he handed over southern part of Mysore kingdom as a part settlement to English government.
Hosur was constituted as a Selection Grade Town Panchayat in the 1962. And it was upgraded to Second Grade Municipality in the Year 1992. In the year 1998 it was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality vide G.O.(MAWS) No.85 dt. 22.05.1998. In 2011, Vide GO. No. 127 dt.08.09.2011 town panchayats Mathigiri, Village Panchayats Zuzuvadi, Mookandapalli, Avalapalli, Chennathur were included in Hosur Municipality. In 13 February 2019, Hosur was upgraded as 13th corporation city of Tamil Nadu comprising the adjoining sub-urban areas with an estimated population of 10 lakh.
Hosur experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) with distinct wet and dry seasons. Due to its high elevation, Hosur usually enjoys salubrious and moderate climate throughout the year, with occasional heat waves. The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 17.1 °C and the hottest month is May with an average high temperature of 33.6 °C. Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C with the lowest ever recorded temperature of 7.1 °C recorded on 1 February 2018  and summer temperatures seldom exceed 35 °C. Hosur receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are October, September and August, in that order. The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms but no flooding. Humidity is 31% and average rainfall is 84 cm. Due to Global Climatic changes world wide, Hosur experiences extreme weathers in recent years.
|Climate data for Hosur|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.9
|Average low °C (°F)||14.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||7
According to 2011 census, Hosur had a population of 116,821 with a sex-ratio of 968 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 14,307 were under the age of six, constituting 7,274 males and 7,033 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 8.08% and .17% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 76.69%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The city had a total of 29255 households. There were a total of 43,959 workers, comprising 212 cultivators, 308 main agricultural labourers, 747 in house hold industries, 38,463 other workers, 4,229 marginal workers, 57 marginal cultivators, 62 marginal agricultural laborers, 189 marginal workers in household industries and 3,921 other marginal workers.
As per the religious census of 2011, Hosur had 83.66% Hindus, 11.37% Muslims, 4.5% Christians, 0.05% Sikhs, 0.02% Buddhists, 0.11% Jains, 0.27% following other religions and 0.02% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.
Hosur is an industrial hub and houses several automobile and manufacturing industries. The major companies include Kansai Nerolac Paints, TVS Motors, Ashok Leyland, Titan, General Electric, Mylan, GRB Foods, Kamaz Vectra Motors, Alstom, Faiveley Transport, Caterpillar Inc., Carborundum Universal, Exide Industries Ltd, Hindustan Motors, Ion Exchange (India) Limited, Hindustan Unilever, Schaeffler, TTK Prestige,Tab India Granites Pvt Ltd, Bata Shoes, Del Monte Foods, Nippon Electricals, Flipkart, Wendt, Duroflex, Toyota-Boshoku, Nilkamal Plastics and Reckitt Benckiser. There are plans for the development of an Information Technology Special Economic Zone near Hosur. ELCOT has called for applications for the allotment of land in the IT Park of Hosur in the month of June 2010. Proximity to Bangalore is seen as an advantage. Many startup IT companies prefer Hosur for their initial operations.
A variety of fruits and vegetables are cultivated around Hosur. The land is very fertile and there is significant access to fresh water as well as labor. Crops consist of tomatoes, cabbages, onions, mangoes, capsicum, carrot, cucumber, beans, coriander leaves, turnip and radish. Roses are also grown in large numbers. District Livestock Farm was started in 1824. Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Centre (CSGRC) was established in 1991 to protect and conserve mulberry and silkworm germ plasm resources.
National Highway AH43(NH 44) passes through Hosur connecting it with Bangalore, Chennai, Salem, Madurai and Kanyakumari. This stretch of the highway passing through the city is a Golden quadrilateral Highway. NH 648 and NH 844 also connect with Hosur to other cities. Hosur has a central bus station which was re-constructed and opened on 18 July 2010. TNSTC (Tamilnadu state transport corporation ) Salem Division buses connect Hosur to major cities and towns in Tamil Nadu and also to neighboring states. Several private bus services, KSRTC (Karnataka state road transport corporation ), APSRTC (Andrapradesh road transport corporation ) , PRTC ( Pondycherry road transport corporation ) is also connecting the cities.
Hosur has a railway station, located on the Bengaluru–Salem railway line and falls under the Bengaluru Division of the South Western Railway. Hosur is well connected to major cities across the country by rail. Local Trains available every two hours in between Hosur & Bangalore. The railway lines between Hosur and Bengaluru has been proposed with a double laning project in 2018.
Hosur Aerodrome was established in 1994. It has 7012 feet long and 150 feet wide runway. The present aerodrome located at Bellagondapalli is maintained by TAAL.The nearest major airport is the Bengaluru International Airport, about 80 km from Hosur. Domestic Airport will start its operation soon under the UDAAN Plan.
Places of interest
- Rajaji Memorial at Thorapalli where Rajaji was born
- Sri Chandrachoodeshwara Temple,Hosur.
- Ecological Park & Walkers Lane at Ramanaicken Lake.
- Kelavarapalli Reservoir Project is one of the prime attractions at Hosur. Kelavarapalli Reservoir Project or Kelavarapalli Dam is situated at a distance of 10 km away from Hosur and 8 km from Karnataka, across the River Ponniar, which originates from the eastern slopes of Chennakesava Hills.
- Dakshina Thirupathi Temple at the entrance of Sanamavu forest alongside Bengaluru Highway
- Hogenakkal falls
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