This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Bethune College c. 1949
|Motto||Viddaya Vindatey Amritam|
|Principal||Professor Krishna Roy|
|Affiliations||University of Calcutta|
Bethune College is a women's college located in Kolkata, India, and affiliated to the University of Calcutta. It was established as a girls' school in 1849, and as a college in 1879. It is the oldest women's college in Asia.. It was in news in 2019 for adding Humanity column in the place of religion in its undergraduate application form which is a measure first undertaken by any college in india.
The college was founded as the Calcutta Female School in 1849 by John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune, with the financial support of Dakshinaranjan Mukherjee. The school started in Mukherjee's home in Baitakkhana, with 21 girls enrolled. The following year, enrolment rose to 80. In November, on a plot on the west side of Cornwallis Square, the cornerstone for a permanent school building was laid. The name "Hindu Female School" was inscribed on the copper-plate placed in the stone and on the ceremonial silver trowel made for the occasion. Support for the school waned after Bethune's death in August 1951.
The government took it over in 1856, renaming it Bethune School after its founder in 1862–63. In 1879 it was developed into Bethune College, the first women's college in India and Bethune school was first women's school in whole Asia.
- Chandramukhi Basu (1860–1944), one of the first two female graduates of the British Empire
- Abala Bose (1864–1951), social worker
- Sarala Devi Chaudhurani (1872–1945), promoter of female education
- Anwara Bahar Chowdhury (1919–1987), social activist and writer
- Kamala Das Gupta (1907–2000), freedom fighter nationalist
- Amalprava Das, social worker
- Bina Das (1911–1986), revolutionary and nationalist
- Tista Das (born 1978), transsexual actress
- Kalpana Datta (1913–1995), independence activist
- Mira Datta Gupta (1907–1983), freedom fighter and activist
- Swarnakumari Devi (1855–1932), poet, novelist and social worker
- Kadambini Ganguly (1861–1923), one of the first two female graduates of the British Empire
- Begum Khaleda Zia, first female Prime Minister of Bangladesh
- Ashoka Gupta (1912–2008), freedom fighter and social worker
- Neena Gupta, mathematician, who has provided a solution to the Zariski Cancellation Problem
- Aditi Lahiri (born 1952), academic linguist
- Abha Maiti (born 1925), politician
- Kanak Mukherjee (1921–1995), political activist
- Khanto Bala Rai (born 1897), teacher, school head in Midnapore
- Shukhalata Rao(1886–1969), social worker and children's author
- Kamini Roy (1864–1933), poet, social worker and feminist
- Leela Roy (1900–1970), politician and reformer
- Mamtaz Sanghamita, physician and politician
- Shobha Sen, actress
- Amiya Tagore (1901–1988), singer
- Pritilata Waddedar (1911–1932), revolutionary nationalist
- "Bethune College – Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
- Acharya, Poromesh (1990). "Education in Old Calcutta". In Chaudhuri, Sukanta (ed.). Calcutta: The Living City. Volume I: The Past. Oxford University Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
- Bagal, Jogesh Chandra (1949). "History of the Bethune School & College (1849–1949)". In Nag, Kalidas; Ghose, Lotika (eds.). Bethune School & College Centenary Volume, 1849–1949. Bethune College. p. 11–12.
- Forbes, Geraldine; Forbes, Geraldine Hancock (1999). Women in Modern India. 4. Cambridge University Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-521-65377-0.
- Bagal, Jogesh Chandra (1949). "History of the Bethune School & College (1849–1949)". In Nag, Kalidas; Ghose, Lotika (eds.). Bethune School & College Centenary Volume, 1849–1949. Bethune College. p. 15-16.
- Ray, Bharati (1990). "Women in Calcutta: The Years of Change". In Chaudhuri, Sukanta (ed.). Calcutta: The Living City. Volume II: The Present and Future. Oxford University Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-19-563697-0.
- Southard, Barbara (May 1993). Colonial Politics and Women's Rights: Woman Suffrage Campaigns in Bengal, British India in the 1920s. Modern Asian Studies. 27. p. 405–406. JSTOR 312775.
- Ghosh, Durba (August 2013). Revolutionary Women and Nationalist Heroes in Bengal, 1930 to the 1980s. Gender & History. 25. p. 355–375.
- Borthwick, Meredith (2015). The Changing Role of Women in Bengal, 1849-1905. Princeton University Press. pp. 74–. ISBN 978-1-4008-4390-9.
- Ray, Bharati (2005). Women of India: Colonial and Post-colonial Periods. SAGE Publications. pp. 187–. ISBN 978-81-321-0264-9.</ref>
- Tattwabhushan, Sitanath (1904). Social Reform in Bengal: A Side Sketch. Calcutta: City Book Society. pp. 43–.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bethune College.|