Bhadra (Krishna's wife)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhadra
Mahabharata character
Mysore painting.jpg
Ashtabharya with Krishna - 19th Century Mysore painting depicting Krishna with his eight principal consorts
Information
Spouse(s) Krishna

Bhadra is one of the Ashtabharya,[1] the eight principal queen-consorts of Hindu God Krishna, according to the scripture Bhagavata Purana. She is named in the Bhagavat Purana as being the eighth wife of Sri Krishna, and identified as being his cousin (her mother being a sister of his father). Some sources state that Bhadra is the seventh wife (rather than the eighth wife) of Lord Krishna. The Vishnu Purana and the Harivamsa do not name Bhadra at all in the list of the Ashtabharya, but refer to her as 'the daughter of Dhrishtaketu' or 'the princess of Kekeya'.[2]

Life[edit]

The Bhagavata Purana gives her the epithet Kaikeyi, the princess of the Kaikeya kingdom. She was the daughter of King Dhrishtaketu and his wife Shrutakirti, the sister of Kunti and the sister (or cousin) of Vasudeva (Krishna's father) and thus Krishna's cousin. Bhadra's five brothers headed by the eldest prince Santardana married Bhadra to Krishna.[3][4] In another text, she is described to have chosen Krishna as her husband in a Swayamvara ceremony, in which a bride chooses a groom from assembled suitors.[5] Krishna and his queens once visited Hastinapur to meets Kunti, her sons the Pandavas and Pandavas's common wife Draupadi. As directed by Kunti, Draupadi worships and honours Bhadra and other queens with gifts. Bhadra also narrates to Draupadi how she got married to Krishna.[6] [7]

According to the Bhagavata Purana, Bhadra had ten sons, namely Sangramajit, Brihatsena, Shura, Praharana, Arijit, Jaya, Subhadra, Vama, Ayur and Satyaka.[8][9] The Mausala Parva of the Hindu epic Mahabharata which describes the death of Krishna and end of his race and the Bhagavata Purana records the wailing of Bhadra and other seven chief queens and her subsequent leap in Krishna's funeral pyre immolating themselves (see sati). While Bhagavata Purana says all queens committed sati, the Mahabharata mentions only four including Bhadra.[10][11]

Legacy[edit]

A book titled Bhadra Kalyanam (meaning: marriage of Bhadra) was written in Telugu language by Dr.K.V.KrishnaKumari. She dedicated this book to Satya Sai Baba on his 80th birthday. In this book, she describes Bhadra as Mahalakshmi (wife of Vishnu) and her marriage with Krishna, as his seventh wife, as "the confluence of beauty, devotion and love”.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mani, Vettam (1975). Puranic Encyclopaedia: a Comprehensive Dictionary with Special Reference to the Epic and Puranic Literature. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-8426-0822-0. 
  2. ^ Horace Hayman Wilson (1870). The Vishńu Puráńa: a system of Hindu mythology and tradition. Trübner. pp. 82–3. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Prabhupada. "Bhagavata Purana 10.58.56". Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. 
  4. ^ Prabhupada. "Bhagavata Purana 9.24.38". Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. 
  5. ^ Aparna Chatterjee (December 10, 2007). "The Ashta-Bharyas". American Chronicle. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  6. ^ V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar (1995). The Purana Index. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 534. ISBN 978-81-208-1273-4. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Prabhupada. "Bhagavata Purana 10.71.41-42". Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. Archived from the original on 2006-09-11. 
  8. ^ "The Genealogical Table of the Family of Krishna". Krsnabook.com. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Prabhupada. "Bhagavata Purana 10.61.17". Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. Archived from the original on 21 October 2010. 
  10. ^ Kisari Mohan Ganguli. "Mahabharata". Sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Prabhupada. "Bhagavata Purana 11.31.20". Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. 
  12. ^ Bhadra Kalyanam by Dr. K. V. Krishna Kumari. Archive. org. Retrieved 9 February 2013.