The Hindu epic Mahabharata, the Harivamsha and the Puranas mention Yadu as the eldest son of king Yayati and his queen Devayani. The prince of King Yayati, Yadu was a self-respecting and a very established ruler. According to the Vishnu Purana, the Bhagavata Purana and the Garuda Purana, Yadu had four sons, while according to the rest of the Puranas he had five sons. The kings between Budha and Yayati were known as Somavanshi. According to a narrative found in the Mahabharata, and the Vishnu Purana, Yadu refused to exchange his years of youth with his father Yayati. So he was cursed by Yayati that none of Yadu's progeny shall possess the dominion under his father's command. Thereby, he could not have carried on the same dynasty, called Somavamshi. Notably, the only remaining dynasty of King Puru was entitled to be known as Somavamshi. Thereby King Yadu ordered that the future generations of his would be known as Yadavas and the dynasty would be known as Yaduvanshi. The generations of Yadu had an unprecedented growth and got divided into two branches.
Story of Yadu
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Yayati, the King of the Earth was married to Devayani, the spoilt daughter of Sage Shukracharya, and they had two sons, the elder being Yadu and the younger, Turvasu.
Yayati was cursed by Shukracharya to lose his youth on account of marrying a second time without the knowledge of Devayani, but lightened the curse by saying that if one of his sons was willing to exchange his youth for old age, Yayati could still live his life.
Yadu was the eldest, but he declined to exchange his youth for the sake of his father. Yayati cursed Yadu by disinheriting him and decreed that Yadu's descendants would never become kings. Enraged, Yadu single handedly conquered the world to display his prowess to his father and taunted Yayati for being old and decrepit.
Yayati banished Yadu for his insolence and his three other sons for being servile towards their elder brother. Thereafter, Yadu invented democracy and decreed that all his descendants would follow it. The Yadavas of Yadu inherited the prowess of their forefather and became invincible in battle. Krishna, Balarama, Satyaki, Kritavarman, Pradyumna and Anniruddha were the most famous Yadavas of all time.
King Sahasrajit's descendants were named after his grandson Haihaya and were well known as the Haihayas. King Kroshtu's descendants had no special name, but were known particularly as the "Yadavas", According to P.L. Bhargava, when the original territory was partitioned between Sahasrajit and Kroshta, the former received the part lying to the western bank of the river Sindhu and the latter received the territory situated along the east bank of the river.
Several Chandravanshi castes and communities in modern India, such as the Sainis of Punjab Province, Yadav, ayar Jadeja, Bhatti Rajputs,Jadaun, and Ahir claim descent from Yadu.
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