Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
|Bilawal Bhutto Zardari
بلاول ڀٽو زرداري
|Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party|
30 December 2007
|Preceded by||Benazir Bhutto|
21 September 1988 |
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party|
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Bilawal Bhutto Zardari (Sindhi: بلاول ڀٽو زرداري; Urdu: بلاول بھٹو زرداری; born 21 September 1988) is a Pakistani politician who serves as the Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party and presides over the party's central executive committee.
Born in the political Bhutto dynasty, he is the son of former President Asif Ali Zardari and the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007), and the grandson of Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1928 -1979). Bilawal received an undergraduate and graduate degree from Christ Church, Oxford, he was made the ceremonial head of Pakistan People's Party after assassination of his mother in 2007, and in 2014 he took over the control of the party from his father.
Early life and education
Bilawal was born at Lady Dufferin Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan on 21 September 1988, as the first of three children of future Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto and her husband, Asif Ali Zardari who later became the President of Pakistan in 2008. He was only three months old when his mother, Benazir Bhutto became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan in 1988. He has two sisters Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari and Asifa Bhutto Zardari. He is also the grandson of former Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
Bilawal was admitted to Aitchison College, Lahore, but due to security threats he moved to Karachi Grammar School and later attended Froebel's International School in Islamabad. He left Pakistan with his mother in April 1999. His father was in jail in Pakistan from 1996 to 2004 for corruption charges.
He spent his childhood in Dubai and London during his family's self-exile. He later attended Rashid School For Boys in Dubai, where he was Vice President of the student council. He has a black belt in Taekwondo but regrets he could not play cricket because of his family circumstances.
In 2007, Bilawal Zardari enrolled at Christ Church, a constituent college of the University of Oxford. He studied British history and later transitioned to study general history. Benazir also enrolled in the Oxford Union debating society. In December 2007, he returned to Pakistan after Benazir was assassinated. He also returned to Pakistan in September 2008 to witness his father sworn in as President of Pakistan. Bilawal completed his education in June 2010.
After the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, Benazir's political will declared Asif Ali Zardari as Benazir's successor for party leadership. However, Bilawal became Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party because Zardari favoured Bilawal to represent Bhutto's legacy in part to avoid division within the party due to Zardari's own unpopularity. Zardari planned to act as co-chairman of the PPP for at least three years until Bilawal completed his studies overseas.
Bilawal was appointed chairman of the PPP on 30 December 2007. Asif Zardari also announced Bilawal's name change from "Bilawal Zardari" to "Bilawal Bhutto Zardari". At that time he was still studying at Oxford. It had been estimated that Bilawal's security at Oxford may cost at least one million pounds each year.
In 2011, Bilawal returned to Pakistan and became more actively involved in Pakistan politics, notably when his father went for medical care to Dubai in December 2011. In May 2012, Bilawal Zardari stated that Pakistan asked the Interpol to issue a "red warrant" against former military ruler Pervez Musharraf in relation to his mother’s assassination case. He made his major public speech on 27 December 2012, which marked the fifth death anniversary of his mother.
In 2011, it was announced that Bilawal would be the next Tumandar (Chief) of the Baloch Zardari tribe as his father Asif Ali Zardari passed on the title to Bilawal rather than becoming the Tribal Chief himself after the death of his father Hakim Ali Zardari.
In 2013 Bilawal turned 25, thus becoming eligible to run for the National Assembly, as the Pakistan Constitution requires the minimum age of lawmakers to be 25. Asif Ali Zardari rejected the notion that Bilawal might run for the by-election seat but said that he will contest the next general election due in 2018.
“I will take back Kashmir, all of it, and I will not leave behind a single inch of it because like the other provinces, it belongs to Pakistan,” he was quoted as saying.
The statement drew sharp criticism in neighbouring India. A group calling themselves the Indian Hackers Online Squad replaced the PPP's official website's homepage with messages ridiculing Bilawal for his comments, and stating that “[You] will never get Kashmir”.
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- "Pakistan Peoples Party – PPP". ppp.org.pk. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Jason Burke (13 December 2011). "Zardari treated for stroke as son Bilawal is groomed for power in Pakistan". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- "Pakistan has asked Interpol to issue red warrant for Musharraf: Bilawal". The News. Islamabad. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Bhutto's son makes debut in Pakistan politics". Al Jazeera. 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Bilawal Bhutto Zardari to be new chief of Zardari tribe Formal tribal ceremony of Dastar Bandi". asianetpakistan.com. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- "Bilawal qualifies to become MNA". The Nation. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "I will take back entire Kashmir from India: Bilawal Bhutto Zardari". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- The Newspaper's Correspondent. "India terms Bilawal's Kashmir statement 'far from reality'". dawn.com. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Indian hackers deface PPP website". dawn.com. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
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- Musharraf 'murdered my mother': Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Geo News Pakistan, 28 May 2012]
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|Party political offices|
|Co-chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party
With Asif Ali Zardari