Shehbaz Sharif

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The Honourable
Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif
محمد شہباز شریف
Shahbaz Sharif (cropped).jpg
17th Chief Minister of Punjab
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Mohammad Sarwar
Preceded by Najam Sethi
Majority Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N)
In office
8 June 2008 – 26 March 2013
President Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Raja Parvez Ashraf
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso
Governor Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood
Latif Khosa
Salmaan Taseer
Preceded by Dost Muhammad Khosa
Succeeded by Najam Sethi
Constituency Bhakkar, Punjab Province
3rd President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
20 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Farooq Leghari
Wasim Sajjad
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Shahid Hamid
Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Preceded by Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
1st Executive Vice President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
30 September 2002 – 27 July 2011
Vice President Ghaus Ali Shah
In office
12 October 1999 – 30 September 2002
President Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif
Personal details
Born Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif
(1951-09-23) 23 September 1951 (age 63)
Lahore, Punjab Province, West Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N)
Spouse(s) Begum Nusrat Shehbaz (1973–1993)
Nargis Khosa(?)
Aaliya Honey (1993-1994)
Tehmina Durrani (2003 – 2012?)
Kalsoom Qureshi (2012)
Children Hamza Shehbaz Sharif,
Salman Shehbaz Sharif,
Rabia Imran
Residence Chief Minister House, Lahore
(official)
Occupation Politician
Profession Businessman
Religion Islam

Mian Shehbaz Sharif (Punjabi, Urdu: مِیاں مُحَمَّد شَہباز شَرِیف‎, Miyāⁿ Muḥammad Šẹhbāz Šarīf, pronounced [miˈɑ̃ː mʊˈɦəm.məd̪ ʃɛhˈbɑːz ʃəˈriːf]; born 23 September 1951) is a Pakistani politician and a public figure who serves as the Chief Minister of Punjab, Pakistan. He is the longest serving Chief Minister of Punjab: he held the same office twice before from 1997 until 1999 and 2008 until 2013.

Shehbaz Sharif was elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab in the 1988 general elections and the National Assembly in 1990. He was again elected to the Punjab Assembly in 1993 and was named Leader of the Opposition in the house when Manzoor Wattoo was the chief minister of Punjab. After his election to the Punjab Assembly for the third time in 1997 elections, Sharif was elected leader of the house and sworn in as the Chief Minister of Punjab on 20 February 1997.[1]

As the brother of Nawaz Sharif, current Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of the Pakistan Muslim League (N), Shehbaz serves as the second person in charge of the party and presides over its provincial chapter of Punjab. After the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état Shehbaz, and his entire family, was exiled to Saudi Arabia, only to return to Pakistan in 2007.[2]

Career[edit]

First term as Chief Minister[edit]

During his first term Shehbaz Sharif was considered as a strict and demanding administrator. In 1999 he was put in exile in London with his brother as a result of some untold problems with Musharraf.[3]

President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)[edit]

Sharif was elected President of PML (N) on 3 August 2002 while in exile in Saudi Arabia. He was re-elected President of PML(N) for a second term on 2 August 2006.

Return to Pakistan[edit]

In August 2007, the Supreme Court of Pakistan gave its verdict which allowed Nawaz Sharif to return to Pakistan.[citation needed]

On 7 September 2007, judge Shabbir Hussain Chatha ordered police to arrest Shehbaz Sharif, brother of Nawaz and produce him before the court], after the hearing in Lahore. The court ruled that "Shehbaz Sharif should be arrested (at) whichever airport he lands at." Nawaz Sharif too faces detention on the pair's planned return from exile to Pakistan on 10 September 2007, to challenge President Pervez Musharraf's 8-year military rule.[4]

His brother Shehbaz changed return plans at the last minute.[5][6]

Sharif was not allowed to participate in the 2008 elections because of allegations against him. His son Hamza Shahbaz was supposed to run from a NA seat in Lahore but due to the death of a candidate the elections were postponed.[citation needed]

Second term as Chief Minister[edit]

On 8 June 2008, Sharif was elected as Chief Minister of Punjab, receiving 265 votes from the members of the 371-seat provincial assembly. He was the only candidate, and the Pakistan Muslim League-Q (PMLN-Q) boycotted the vote. Speaking after his election, he called on Musharraf to resign.[7] He won a vote of confidence on 9 June, receiving 266 votes.[8]

His second term as Chief Minister lasted until 25 February 2009, when a three-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, headed by Justice Moosa K. Leghari, declared him ineligible to contest elections, took away his seat in the Punjab Assembly, and thereby removed him from office.[9] On 31 March 2009, a five-member larger bench of the Supreme Court overturned[10] an earlier decision of the apex court, in which Nawaz and Shehbaz Sharif were disqualified from holding public office. As a result, Shehbaz returned to office as Chief Minister.

Shehbaz Sharif Govt. Initiatives[edit]

Some of the major projects initiated by Sharif during his second tern include

  • Punjab Educational Endowment Fund[11] a scholarship fund for students
  • Punjab Education Foundation[12] a Foundation to promote educational investment in Punjab by promoting private sector
  • Lahore Metro Bus System A 32 km Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system from Gajumata to Shahadra,
  • Danish Schools is a free education project to provide top class education to the less fortunate in Pakistan
  • Apna Rozgar Scheme is initiative taken by Punjab Govt. in order to give 50,000 yellow Taxi's yearly
  • Khud Rozgar Scheme is a loan scheme in which interest-free loans are provided to poors to establish small shops or other locally operative business.
  • Punjab Metrobus Authority[13] to construct, maintain rapid bus transit systems in Punjab
  • Punjab Information Technology Board[14] to promote IT field in Punjab
  • Punjab Land Development Company[15] to make affordable housing schemes in Punjab
  • ITU Lahore[16] a world class university in field of IT in Lahore
  • Ashiana Housing Scheme[17] Affordable Housing for low income families with modern facilities in Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Gujranwala & other cities of Punjab.
  • e-Youth Initiative[18] to provide free laptops to 100 thousand brilliant students studying at public sector colleges & universities and high achievers of the Boards of Punjab in Matriculation Examinations
  • Punjab Forensic Science Agency at Lahore[19] Establishing of PFSA and a state of the art forensic lab
  • Punjab Youth Internship Program[20] A program to equip 50,000 unemployed youth with productive skills in Punjab. A monthly stipend of Rs 10,000 will be paid to the interns.
  • Plan9 - Tech Incubator[21] A program designed to accelerate the successful development of entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services
  • Lahore Waste Management Company[22] An Integrated Solid Waste Management project with collaboration of Turkish contractors for the city of Lahore to serve as a model for other areas in Punjab.
  • The Punjab Model of Proactive Governance[23] A system to proactively seek feedback from consumers of government services using call centers, text messages and phone calls. The project has been supported and funded by the World Bank.[24]

Sharif is well respected internationally including China, Germany and Turkey. Their government functionaries are impressed by his governance of the Punjab province.[25] He is acknowledged even by his opponents as an outstanding administrator for his role in making Punjab a model of good governance.[26]

Fight against Dengue

In 2011 there was a Dengue fever outbreak in Punjab. The total number of reported patients was 17,352, with loss of 252 lives in district Lahore only. The Punjab government under Chief Minister Sharif took radical and drastic measures[27] to bring this menace completely under control. In 2012 only 182 confirmed cases were reported in district Lahore with zero mortality. The achievement was recognized and appreciated by Sri Lankan and other foreign experts.[28]

Third term as Chief Minister[edit]

On 6 June 2013, Sharif was elected Chief Minister of Punjab for a third term with more than two-thirds majority. He secured 300 votes while his opponent Mahmoodur Rashid of PTI got 34 votes.[29]

2014 Lahore Massacre
Main article: 2014 Lahore clash

Model Town tragedy was unintentional clash between ploice and PAT workers. Police claimed that they were attacked by people inside the PAT secretariat, a claim that is denied by party chief Qadri. Qadri strongly condemned the attack and called it the worst form of state terrorism. Qadri vowed to avenge the deaths of his political workers by bringing about a revolution that would hasten the end of the rule of prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother Shehbaz Sharif.[30][31]

Government of Punjab and Punjab Police refused to register an FIR by Pakistan Awami Tehreek against Shehbaz Sharif and then Law Minister Rana Sanaullah. PAT filed an application to Session Court of Lahore for registration of FIR and court ruled, on 16 August 2014, to register an FIR against Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif, his brother Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, then Law Minister Punjab Rana Sanaullah and 18 others.[32] Lahore High Court upheld the decision of Sessions Court on 26 August 2014 to register the FIR against Shehbaz Sharif and 20 other accused.[33] Sharif in an earlier statement offered to register FIR, but refused to resign from his post as Chief Minister of Punjab.[34] In 2015, Shehbaz Shrif including ministers and high officials were called innocence by Judicial Commission which was formed in order to investigate actual cause of Incident.

Personal life[edit]

Shehbaz Sharif is the younger brother of Muhammad Nawaz Sharif. In 1973, Sharif married his first wife, Nusrat Shehbaz. In 1993, Sharif's wife died and he married with his second wife, Aaliya Honey. Aaliya died just 6 months after marriage. Sharif's third and last marriage was with Tehmina Durrani, the author of My Feudal Lord.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chief Ministers
  2. ^ PMLN Presidents
  3. ^ Shahzad, Syed Saleem (26 January 2008). "Sharif picked to tame Pakistan's militancy". Asia Times. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Pakistan court orders arrest of Sharif's brother. Channelnewsasia.com (27 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
  5. ^ US says ex-Pakistani premier Sharif's deportation an "internal matter". Channelnewsasia.com (27 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
  6. ^ Kumar, Arun (11 September 2007) US denies hand in Sharif deportation. Muslim World News
  7. ^ "Former Pak PM's brother elected provincial chief executive". People's Daily Online. Xinhua. 9 June 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "CM Shehbaz Sharif gets Vote of Confidence", Pakistan Times, 10 June 2008.
  9. ^ Pakistan faces instability as Sharif disqualified. The China Post (2009-02-26). Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  10. ^ Court clears the way for Nawaz Sharif to return to power The Telegraph (2009-03-31)
  11. ^ Punjab Education Endowment Fund
  12. ^ Punjab Education Foundation
  13. ^ Punjab Metrobus Authority
  14. ^ Punjab IT Board
  15. ^ Punjab Land Development Company
  16. ^ ITU Lahore
  17. ^ PML(N) Achievements
  18. ^ Youth Development Programme
  19. ^ Punjab Forensic Science Agency
  20. ^ Punjab Youth Internship Program
  21. ^ Plan9 Tech Incubator
  22. ^ Lahore Waste Management Company
  23. ^ [1], Punjab Model for Proactive Governance: New anti-corruption drive makes waves, The Express Tribune (2012-02-19).
  24. ^ [2], Pakistan: Enhancing Service Delivery in Districts across Punjab.
  25. ^ Nawaz, Shehbaz most popular leaders Pakistan Observer
  26. ^ Shehbaz Deserves Better The Nation (2012-11-03)
  27. ^ Combating Dengue engue.punjab.gov.pk
  28. ^ Dengue under control: Health department The News International (2012-10-18)
  29. ^ [3], Shehbaz Sworn in as CM Punjab for Third Time, Dawn.com
  30. ^ "State Terrorism will not be tolerated: Qadri". The News International. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  31. ^ "Qadri vows to take revenge by revolution". The Nation. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  32. ^ "Model Town tragedy: Court rules case be registered against Nawaz, Shahbaz and 19 others". DAWN. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  33. ^ Ghumman, Tauqir (26 August 2014). "Model Town violence: LHC upholds decision to file FIR against PM, 20 others". DAWN. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  34. ^ Haider, Mateen (25 August 2014). "Shahbaz agrees to Model Town FIR registration, refuses to resign: sources". DAWN. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  35. ^ "Shehbaz confirms marriage to Tehmina". Daily Times (Pakistan). 24 February 2005. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
Chief Minister of Punjab
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
Preceded by
Dost Muhammad Khosa
2nd term
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Salmaan Taseer (Governor's Rule)
Preceded by
Salmaan Taseer
(Restored)
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Najam Sethi
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
President of the Pakistan Muslim League (N)
2002–2011
Succeeded by
Nawaz Sharif