Shehbaz Sharif

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Shehbaz Sharif
Shehbaz Sharif.jpg
Chief Minister of Punjab
Assumed office
8 June 2013
Governor Malik Muhammad Rafique Rajwana
Preceded by Najam Sethi (Caretaker)
In office
8 June 2008 – 26 March 2013
Governor Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood
Latif Khosa
Salmaan Taseer
Preceded by Dost Muhammad Khosa
Succeeded by Najam Sethi (Caretaker)
In office
20 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Governor Shahid Hamid
Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Preceded by Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat (Caretaker)
Succeeded by Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (2002)
Leader of the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
In office
30 September 2009 – 27 July 2011
Deputy Ghous Ali Shah
Preceded by Nisar Ali Khan
Succeeded by Nawaz Sharif
Personal details
Born (1951-09-23) 23 September 1951 (age 66)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
Spouse(s) Begum Nusrat
Tehmina Durrani (2003–present)
Children 4, including Hamza
Relatives See Sharif family
Net worth 336.9 million (US$3.2 million) (2013)[1]

Mian Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif (pronounced [miˈɑ̃ː mʊˈɦəm.məd̪ ʃɛhˈbɑːz ʃəˈriːf], born 23 September 1951) is a Pakistani politician who currently serves as the Chief Minister of Punjab, since 8 June 2013. Part of the politically prominent Sharif family, he is the son of Mian Sharif (founder of Ittefaq Group) and the brother of former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif who is also President of the Pakistan Muslim League (N). Shahbaz Sharif was elected to the Punjab Provincial Assembly in 1988, and to the National Assembly in 1990. He was again elected to the Punjab Assembly in 1993 and named Leader of the Opposition. Elected a third time in 1997, Sharif was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Punjab on 20 February 1997.

After a military coup deposed the government in 1999, Sharif spent years of self-exile in Saudi Arabia, returning to Pakistan in 2007. Sharif was appointed Chief Minister for a second term after the PML-N's victory in the province in the 2008 general elections. He was elected as Chief Minister of Punjab for third time in 2013.

Early life and education[edit]

Shehbaz Sharif was born on September 23, 1951[2] in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.[3] His father, Muhammad Sharif, was an upper-middle-class businessman and industrialist whose family had emigrated from Anantnag in Kashmir for business, and eventually settled in the village of Jati Umra in Amritsar district, Punjab at the beginning of the twentieth century. His mother's family came from Pulwama.[4] After the movement led by Jinnah and his struggle to create Pakistan in 1947, his parents migrated from Amritsar to Lahore.[5]

Sharif received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the Government College University, Lahore.[6]

After graduation, he joined his family owned Ittefaq Group and got elected president of Lahore Chamber of Commerce & Industry in 1985.[7][3]

Political career[edit]

Initial political career[edit]

Sharif began his political career after getting elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the first time in 1988,[8][7] however his term prematurely ended in 1990 when the assemblies were dissolved.[9][6]

He was elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the second time and to the National Assembly of Pakistan for the first time in the 1990 general election.[7] He vacated the Provincial Assembly seat and retained the National Assembly NA-96 seat.[8] However his term prematurely ended in 1993[6] when the assemblies were dissolved.[9]

He was re-elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab in 1993 for the third time.[8] and became leader of the opposition in Provincial Assembly of Punjab.[10] During his tenure as leader of the opposition, he remained in the United Kingdom for some years due to medical treatment. In his absence, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi was made acting leader of the opposition.[11][10] His term prematurely ended in 1996[6] when the assemblies were dissolved.[7][9]

First term as Chief Minister of Punjab[edit]

He was re-elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab in 1997 for the fourth time[8] and was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab for the first time. He was sworn in as Chief Minister of Punjab on 20 February 1997.[10]

During his tenure as Chief Minister of Punjab, he was praised for his good governance in the province because of his focus on health, education, agriculture and industrial sectors.[3][10] He undertook several development projects in Lahore and launched a crackdown on criminals across the province to maintain law and order in the province.[10]

He held his office until 12 October 1999 when was removed from the post of Chief Minister in the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état.[7][9][6][3] Following the coup he was imprisoned.[6] In December 2000, he along with his immediate family members was exiled forcibly to Saudi Arabia[3] following the request of the Saudi royal family.[10][12]

While in exile in Saudi Arabia, Sharif was elected as the President of PML-N in August 2002[7][10] and moved to the United Kingdom in mid-2003 for medical treatment.[12]

Sabzazar case[edit]

In 2003, an anti-terrorism court issued an arrest warrant for Sharif in a 1998 extrajudicial killings case.[13] Sharif was accused for ordering extrajudicial killings of five people in a fake police encounter in 1998 during his first tenure as Chief Minister of Punjab.[14] Sharif attempted to return to Pakistan in 2004 to appear before the court, but was forcibly deported back to Saudi Arabia.[14][10] In August 2007, the Supreme Court of Pakistan gave its verdict which allowed Sharif to return to Pakistan.[15] In September 2007, a court in Pakistan ordered police to arrest Sharif "at whichever airport he lands at" on a 2003 arrest warrant.[16][14] Sharif denied ordering the alleged killings and said the charges against him were politically motivated.[14] He further said "in 2004 he landed at the Lahore Airport and wanted to appear before the court but the government in a deceitful mode sent him back to Saudi Arabia in sheer violation of the orders of the Supreme Court."[17]

Second term as Chief Minister of Punjab[edit]

He was re-elected as the President of PML-N for a second term in August 2006[7][10] and returned to Pakistan along with Nawaz Sharif in November 2007.[10]

Sharif was not allowed to take part in the 2008 general election due to the charges of murder.[18] In 2008, Sharif was acquitted in the 1998 extrajudicial killings case.[19]

Sharif was elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the fourth time[6] from Bhakkar constituency in by-polls held in June 2008[20] and became Chief Minister of Punjab for the second time[6][8][7] unopposed after securing 265 votes in the 371-members provincial assembly.[18]

His second term as Chief Minister lasted until February 2009, when a three-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan declared him ineligible to contest elections, took away his seat in the Punjab Assembly, and thereby removed him from office as Chief Minister.[21][22] Later in April 2009, a five-member larger bench of the Supreme Court overturned an earlier decision of the apex court, in which Sharif was disqualified from holding public office. As a result, Shehbaz returned to office as Chief Minister.[21]

Third term as Chief Minister of Punjab[edit]

Sharif was elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the fifth time in 2013 after winning from three Provincial Assembly seats (PP-159, PP-161 and PP-247). He also won one National Assembly seat (NA-129) but he opted to retain his Provincial Assembly seat PP-159 and became Chief Minister of Punjab for the third time[6] unopposed after securing 300 votes in the 371-members provincial assembly.[23]

In 2016, Sharif was elected unopposed as the president of Punjab chapter of Pakistan Muslim League (N) in intra-party elections.[24]

On 29 July 2017, Sharif was named leader of the PML-N, and hence Prime Minister-designate of Pakistan, following the disqualification of outgoing Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif after the Panama Papers case decision.[25][26][27] However, Sharif could not be sworn in immediately because he was not a member of the National Assembly. As a result, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi was made interim Prime Minister of Pakistan for 45 days, presumably giving Sharif enough time to enter the legislature via a by-election.[28] After Abbasi's election as Prime Minister of Pakistan, however, it was reported that he was likely to continue as Prime Minister for the next ten months until the 2018 general election[29][30] due to the reluctance of Shehbaz Sharif to leave the post of Chief Minister of Punjab.[31]

Reportedly, Sharif was offered to become Prime Minister of Pakistan by the establishment several times previously but never accepted.[32]

Personal life[edit]

He has two brothers, Abbas Sharif, and Nawaz Sharif. Nawaz is a three-time elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. His sister-in-law, Kalsoom Butt, is the First Lady of Pakistan, a three time non-consecutive term.

Sharif first married to his cousin, Nusrat Shehbaz.[33] The couple married in 1973,[citation needed] and had two sons, Salman and Hamza, and two daughters Javeria and Rabia.[34]

Sharif married in 2003 to Tehmina Durrani, the author of My Feudal Lord.[35] He lives at his ancestral home in Lahore, Raiwind Palace.

Sharif is a businessman by profession[3] and jointly owns Ittefaq Group,[7] a multimillion-dollar steel conglomerate.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leaders’ wealth — Shahbaz richer than Nawaz". Dawn. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "Who are Shehbaz Sharif and Khaqan Abbasi, PLM-N’s replacements for Nawaz Sharif as Pakistan PM". Hindustan Times. 29 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Shahbaz Sharif". DAWN.COM. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "As Nawaz Sharif becomes PM, Kashmir gets voice in Pakistan power circuit – Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  5. ^ Lieven, Anatol (2011). Pakistan: A Hard Country. PublicAffairs. ISBN 9781610390231. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Profile". www.pap.gov.pk. Provincial Assembly of The Punjab. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Shahbaz Sharif". DAWN.COM. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "16 old, seven new faces from Lahore to take oath today". www.thenews.com.pk. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d "DAWN – Opinion; August 02, 2008". DAWN.COM. 2 August 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Nawaz Sharif, a profile". www.thenews.com.pk. 25 November 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Pervaiz pledges to uproot corruption". DAWN.COM. 29 November 2002. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Government’s move to woo Shahbaz". www.thenews.com.pk. 5 November 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "Warrants for Shahbaz Sharif issued". DAWN.COM. 11 June 2003. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Order for Sharif brother arrest". BBC. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  15. ^ "DAWN – Opinion; September 01, 2007". DAWN.COM. 1 September 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "Pakistan Court Orders Arrest of Former Prime Minister's Brother". VOA. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  17. ^ "Arrest warrant for Shahbaz issued". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  18. ^ a b "Former Pak PM's brother elected provincial chief executive – People's Daily Online". en.people.cn. People's Daily Online. 9 June 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "Shahbaz acquitted in Sabzazar case". DAWN.COM. 2 March 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  20. ^ Hanif, Intikhab (6 June 2008). "Shahbaz to take oath today: Khosa, cabinet set to resign". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  21. ^ a b "Shahbaz 2nd CM restored by court". www.thenews.com.pk. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  22. ^ "Pakistan faces instability as Sharif disqualified". www.ChinaPost.com.tw. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  23. ^ "Shahbaz sworn in as CM Punjab for third time". DAWN.COM. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  24. ^ "Shahbaz Sharif elected unopposed as President of PML-N Punjab". Radio Pakistan. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "Shahbaz Sharif will be Pakistan's next Prime Minister". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  26. ^ Abbas, AP (28 July 2017). "Shahbaz tipped to be Nawaz's choice for prime minister: reports". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  27. ^ Bilal, Muhammad (29 July 2017). "Shahbaz's name finalised as successor to Nawaz Sharif". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  28. ^ Correspondent, Sana Jamal, (29 July 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi appointed as interim PM of Pakistan". GulfNews. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  29. ^ "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi likely to continue as Pakistan PM for 10-month PML-N tenure". The Indian Express. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  30. ^ "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi to continue as prime minister for 10-month PML-N tenure: sources". Daily Pakistan Global. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  31. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (2 August 2017). "Sana opposes Shahbaz’s elevation to Centre". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  32. ^ "The baton in Pakistan passes from Nawaz Sharif to Shahbaz". The Indian Express. 30 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  33. ^ Iftikhar A. Khan; Kalbe Ali (3 January 2014). "The mystery of Raiwind palace ownership". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  34. ^ "Shahbaz's family arrives". DAWN.COM. 19 September 2004. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  35. ^ "Shehbaz confirms marriage to Tehmina". Daily Times (Pakistan). 24 February 2005. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  36. ^ Baker, Raymond (2005). Capitalism's Achilles heel: Dirty Money and How to Renew the Free-market System. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-0-471-64488-0. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
Acting
Chief Minister of Punjab
1997–1999
Vacant
Title next held by
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
Preceded by
Dost Muhammad Khosa
Chief Minister of Punjab
2008–2013
Succeeded by
Najam Sethi
Acting
Preceded by
Najam Sethi
Acting
Chief Minister of Punjab
2013–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nisar Ali Khan
Leader of the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz
2009–2011
Succeeded by
Nawaz Sharif