Bishop's crown

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Bishop's crown
Pimiento campanilla.jpg
SpeciesCapsicum baccatum
CultivarBishop's crown
Heat Medium
Scoville scale5,000-30,000[note 1] SHU

The bishop's crown, Christmas bell, or joker's hat, is a pepper, a cultivar of the species Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum,[1] named for its distinct, three-sided shape resembling a bishop's crown.[2]

Although this variety can be found in Barbados,[2] and is Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum, [1] it may be indigenous to South America. Today, it is also grown in Europe, possibly brought there from Brazil by the Portuguese sometime in the 18th century.[1]

The actual plant is relatively large, being 3-4 ft (0.8-1.2 m) in height. It produces 30 to 50 peculiar, three or four flat-winged, wrinkled pods. These somewhat flying saucer-like peppers grow to about 1.5 in (4 cm) wide.[1]

The flesh inside each pepper is thin, yet crisp. They mature to red from a pale green colour about 90-100 days after the seedlings emerge.[1]

The body of the peppers have very little heat, with the wings being sweet and mild.[1]

Other names[edit]

This pepper has numerous common names, some of which are shared by other varieties of the species.[1]

  • Aji flor
  • Balloon pepper
  • Campane
  • Christmas bell
  • Orchid
  • Peri peri
  • Pimenta cambuci
  • Ubatuba cambuci


  1. ^ This heat is very similar to that of the Bulgarian Carrot and Vegas Serrano peppers.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "PI 497974 chile pepper database". Retrieved 2011-08-20.
  2. ^ a b "Chile pepper varieties". Archived from the original on 2004-01-09. Retrieved 2011-08-20.

External links[edit]