List of Ulysses characters

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1922 first edition cover of Ulysses

This is a list of characters from Ulysses by James Joyce.

Principal characters[edit]

Other characters[edit]

  • Mrs Yelverton Barry has been described as a "one of the fantasized sadistic women of "Circe""[2] who accuse Bloom in the courtroom scene of having made sexual advances- in her case, of writing to her claiming to have observed her "peerless globes" in the Theatre Royal, and offered to send her a work of fiction by a Monsieur Paul de Kock.[3] She also features as a character in the play, Ulysses in Nighttown.[4]
  • Mrs Bellingham is one of the fantasized sadistic women of the "Circe" chapter[5] who accuse Bloom in the courtroom scene of having made sexual advances - in her case, of sending her a letter asking her to "commit adultery at the earliest possible opportunity".[6] She also features as a character in the play, Ulysses in Nighttown, having been played by Bernadette McKenna and Maire Ni Ghrainne at the Abbey Theatre.[7]
  • Richard Best is a character based on Celtic scholar Richard Irvine Best. Best was an acquaintance of J. M. Synge and James Joyce. Joyce depicted Best in Ulysses as one of the characters in the National Library scene in Episode 9 Scylla and Charybdis.[8] Best was known to have disapproved of Joyce's characterisation of him.[8]
  • Milly Bloom is Molly and Leopold Bloom’s fifteen-year-old daughter, who does not actually appear in Ulysses other than through verbal recollections and letters. The Blooms send Milly to live in Mullingar and learn photography. She is dating Alec Bannon in Mullingar.
  • Edy Boardman
  • Blazes Boylan is the manager for Molly Bloom's upcoming concert in Belfast. Boylan is well known and well liked around town, but comes across as a rather sleazy individual, especially in regards to his attitudes toward women. Boylan has become interested in Molly, and they commence an affair of a sexual nature during the novel.
  • Josie Breen is a former love interest of Leopold Bloom. He encounters her in Dublin city, and then later in the "Nighttown" sequence where Bloom re-lives his affection for her. Josie's husband Denis is something of a laughingstock and is in poor mental health.[9]
  • Denis Breen is the husband of Josie Breen and is a figure of fun. A person unknown sent him a postard with "U.p: up" written on it and he seeks to take a libel action for ten thousand pounds. Leopold Bloom states that Josie's marriage to Denis was a case of "beauty and the beast".[10][11]
  • Cissy, Jacky, and Tommy Caffrey
  • Nurse Callan is a nurse at the National Maternity Hospital. She is described as a "virgin" and attends to a local woman, Mina Purefoy. She is described as brushing a Dr O'Hare's coat attentively.
  • Private Carr
  • Martha Clifford is a correspondent with Leopold Bloom, who according to some scholars have proposed is a pseudonymous identity for over a half a dozen other characters.[12]
  • Bella Cohen is the brothel-mistress in the "Nighttown" sequence, and has a large and mannish appearance. She has a son in an Oxford college.[13][14]
  • Private Compton is a British soldier who wanders around Nighttown with Private Carr, eventually encountering Stephen Dedalus. At Compton's urging, Carr eventually assaults Dedalus.
  • Father John Conmee
  • Punch Costello is a medical student who we first encounter singing a bawdy song in the National Maternity Hospital. He is told by nurse Quigley to be quiet. He later appears as "Dr" Punch Costello in the medical examination of Leopold Bloom and pronounces, anti-Semitically, that the "fetor judaicus" is palpable from Bloom.[15]
  • Myles Crawford is the Editor of the Evening Telegraph, and refuses to honour an agreement entered into with Leopold Bloom and Alexander Keyes regarding an advertisement for the "House of Keyes".
  • Martin Cunningham is a friend of Leopold Bloom's and accompanies Bloom in the carriage to Paddy Dignam's funeral and thereafter to Kiernan's pub and to visit Dignam's widow.
  • Garrett Deasy is the headmaster in the school where Stephen Dedalus teaches and is pompous and opinionated. He writes a self-important letter to the evening newspaper which Dedalus helps get published, on the subject of foot and mouth disease.
  • Dilly, Katey, Boody, and Maggy Dedalus
  • May Golding Dedalus is the mother of Stephen Dedalus. Stephen, a non-believer, refuses to pray at her deathbed and in consequence, thoughts of May haunt him later in the novel.[16][17] She states, "I was once the beautiful May Golding" (her maiden name). In the 1967 film of Ulysses, the American director americanizes this as "May Golding Dedalus", an anachronism which does not appear in the book, where European conventions are observed.
  • Simon Dedalus is the father of Stephen Dedalus, the young protagonist in both, and his character is largely based on Joyce's own father, John Stanislaus Joyce. Simon is a passionate Irish nationalist and supporter of Charles Stewart Parnell, facilitating his financial success within Dublin society in Stephens' earlier years. But with the political "fall from grace" of Parnell, he and his family also fall on hard times. Simon has lost his wife but has continued to maintain an air of respectibility within Dublin's "drinking society" where he is known for his wit and singing ability but is unable to provide support for his two daughters. His and Stephen's paths cross several times during the course of the book but the two never meet. Simon briefly mentions concern for Stephen, who is now living on his own and supporting himself, but Stephen feels only the need to escape what remains of his disintegrating family. The novel presents Leopold Bloom, the protagonist of Ulysses, as Stephen's metaphoric and symbolic father.
  • Patrick "Paddy" Dignam Leopold Bloom attends his funeral from the family home to Glasnevin Cemetery in the chapter Hades. He is survived by Mrs. Dignam and their son Patrick Aloysius "Patsy" Dignam. The Dignams live at number 9, Newbridge Avenue, Sandymount. As he dies in a drunken stupor, he is considered Joyce's analog of Elpenor, who died in similar circumstances and who greeted his friend Odysseus.
  • Mrs. Dignam, and Patrick Dignam, Jr.
  • Dr Dixon
  • Ben Dollard
  • Bob Doran is a drunk in Kiernan's pub and together with The Citizen creates an unpleasant atmosphere for Leopold Bloom ultimately resulting in The Citizen throwing a biscuit tin at Bloom.
  • Mary Driscoll is a maid who was fired by Molly Bloom who was jealous of Leopold Bloom's interest in her. She appears in both Leopold and Molly's streams of consciousness later in the novel.
  • John Eglinton
  • Lieutenant Gardner is a British soldier and a former lover of Molly Bloom and in her soliloquy at the end of the novel, Molly recalls fondling him "to keep him from doing worse".[18] Gardner, who served in the 8th Battalion of the 2nd East Lancashire Regiment, was killed in the Boer War.[19]
  • Richie, Sara (Sally), and Walter Goulding
  • Haines is an English student who comes to visit Buck Mulligan and Stephen Dedalus in the Martello Tower in Sandymount. Haines is somewhat anti-semitic in attitude and is in Ireland to study Irish culture.
  • Zoe Higgins is a namesake of Leopold Bloom's mother[20] and is a worker in Bella Cohen's brothel. She plays an important role in the "Nighttown" sequence of the novel. She is the first to lure Bloom into the brothel[21] and later steals his potato and dances with Stephen Dedalus.[21]
  • John Hooper was an Irish nationalist journalist, politician and MP in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and as member of the Irish Parliamentary Party represented South-East Cork from 1885 to 1889. He is mentioned in James Joyce's Ulysses when a matrimonial gift of a stuffed owl given by "alderman Hooper" is described along with a number of items sitting on a mantelpiece.[22]
  • Joe Hynes
  • Corny Kelleher is an undertaker's employee who rejects Leopold Bloom's request for assistance for Stephen Dedalus who has been injured in a fight with Private Carr.[23][24]
  • Mina Kennedy and Lydia Douce
  • Barney Kiernan is the owner of a public house where Leopold Bloom comes to meet Martin Cunningham, and where he has an altercation with the anti-semitic character. The Citizen.[25][26]
  • Ned Lambert
  • Lenehan
  • Vincent Lynch is a somewhat treacherous friend of Stephen Dedalus, who is present in the National Materity Hospital in the "Oxen of the Sun" chapter. In "Circe", he is impatient with Dedalus' drunkenness and abandons Dedalus after leaving Bella Cohen's establishment, having helped spend Dedalus' money.[27]
  • Bantam Lyons is a Dubliner who misunderstands Leopold Bloom's reference to throwing away a newspaper as being a tip for a horse called Throwaway. He later shares this tip with fellow gamblers.
  • Thomas W. Lyster
  • Gerty MacDowell is a woman in her early twenties with a limp, who lets Leopold Bloom see her undergarments on Sandymount Strand. She appears again in the "Nighttown" sequence as a lady of the night.
  • Dr. Madden initially meet, as a medical student, he later appears as "Dr" Madden in the medical examination of Leopold Bloom where he states that "In the interest of coming generations I suggest that the parts affected should be preserved in spirits of wine in the national teratological museum".[28]
  • John Henry Menton based on the real John Henry Mentin,[29] he is a practising solicitor and attends Paddy Dignam's funeral. He is offhand with Leopold Bloom, presumably because of his former love interest in Molly Bloom. Denis Breen attends upon him for advice on a proposed libel action.[30][31]
  • Buck Mulligan appears most prominently in episode 1 (Telemachus), and is the subject of the novel's famous first sentence: Stately, plump Buck Mulligan came from the stairhead, bearing a bowl of lather on which a mirror and a razor lay crossed.
  • City Councillor Nannetti
  • J. J. O’Molloy
  • Jack Power travels with Leopold Bloom to Paddy Dignam's funeral, and gauchely discusses suicide, unaware that Bloom's father has killed himself. He is later present in Barney Kiernan's pub for an altercation between Bloom and The Citizen.[32][33]
  • Kitty Ricketts is a worker in Bella Cohen's brothel.[34] and is a lover of another character, Lynch, being almost caught in the bushes with him by Father Conmee. She is thin in appearance and dresses with upwardly mobile aspirations.[35]
  • George William Russell (A.E.) who wrote with the pseudonym Æ (sometimes written AE or A.E.), was an Irish writer, editor, critic, poet, artistic painter and Irish nationalist. His first book of poems, Homeward: Songs by the Way (1894), established him in what was known as the Irish Literary Revival, where Æ met the young James Joyce in 1902 and introduced him to other Irish literary figures, including William Butler Yeats. He appears as a character in the "Scylla and Charybdis" episode of Joyce's Ulysses, where he dismisses Stephen's theories on Shakespeare. His collected poems was published in 1913, with a second edition in 1926.
  • Cyril Sargent is a pupil of Stephen Dedalus and is an uncertain and mediocre student, reminding Dedalus of his own childhood and uncertainties.[36][37]
  • Florry Talbot is a worker in Bella Cohen's brothel. She plays an important role in the "Nighttown" sequence of the novel and is an overweight presence in the premises.[38] She is concerned about the possible end of the world.[39]
  • Mrs Mervyn Talboys is one of the fantasized sadistic women of "Circe"[40] who accuse Bloom in the courtroom scene of having made sexual advances - in her case, of sending her an obscene postcard and urging her to soil the correspondence "in an unspeakable manner". Talboys announces that she will horsewhip Bloom - "To dare address me! I'll flog him black and blue in the public streets".[41] She also features as a character in the play, Ulysses in Nighttown, having been played by Kathleen Barrington and Maire O'Neill at the Abbey Theatre.[42]
  • The Citizen He is an old Irish nationalist with xenophobic and anti-semitic views who engages in an argument with Leopold Bloom in Barney Kiernan's pub, ultimately throwing a biscuit tin at Bloom. "The Citizen" is an important figure in the "Cyclops" episode of the novel. The character has been described as having characteristics not only of the mythological Cyclops but also of the Irish epic figure Finn McCool.[43] "The Citizen" is, in part, a satirical portrait of Irish nationalist (and Gaelic Athletic Association founder) Michael Cusack[44] and Joyce's portrayal operates to expose what one critic called the "xenophobic ideologies of radical Celticists".[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joyce, James, Abbreviated profile from World Authors 1900-1950. Accessed October 16, 2008. Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Joyce Collection: The odyssey of style in Ulysses: "Circe": the rhetoric of drama". Digicoll.library.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  3. ^ "Ulysses by James Joyce". Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Mrs Yelverton Barry | Abbey Archives | Abbey Theatre - Amharclann na Mainistreach". Abbeytheatre.ie. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  5. ^ http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/JoyceColl/JoyceColl-idx?type=turn&id=JoyceColl.LawrenceUlysses&entity=JoyceColl.LawrenceUlysses.p0162&isize=text
  6. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  7. ^ http://www.abbeytheatre.ie/archives/character_detail/5501
  8. ^ a b "Hypermedia Joyce Studies, HYPERMEDIA JOYCE STUDIES VOLUME 14 (March 2015) ISSN 1801-1020". hjs.ff.cuni.cz. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  9. ^ "Ulysses Characters". GradeSaver. 1904-06-16. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  10. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  11. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  12. ^ Begnal, Michael H. (1976-01-01). "The Unveiling of Martha Clifford". James Joyce Quarterly. 13 (4): 400–406. 
  13. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  14. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  15. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  16. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  17. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  18. ^ "Ulysses by James Joyce". Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  19. ^ "Joyce Collection: Third census of Finnegans wake: G". Digicoll.library.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  20. ^ "Ulysses Characters". GradeSaver. 1904-06-16. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  21. ^ a b "Bella Cohen's Prostitutes in Ulysses". Shmoop.com. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  22. ^ Joyce, James. Ulysses, Chap. 6
  23. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  24. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  25. ^ "Ulysses Characters". GradeSaver. 1904-06-16. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  26. ^ "Ulysses by James Joyce". Gutenberg.org. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  27. ^ "Ulysses Characters". GradeSaver. 1904-06-16. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  28. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  29. ^ "1901 Census". 
  30. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  31. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  32. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  33. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  34. ^ http://www.shmoop.com/ulysses-joyce/bella-cohen-s-prostitutes.html
  35. ^ http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/ulysses/characters.html
  36. ^ http://www.gradesaver.com/ulysses/study-guide/character-list/
  37. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  38. ^ http://www.shmoop.com/ulysses-joyce/bella-cohen-s-prostitutes.html
  39. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  40. ^ http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/JoyceColl/JoyceColl-idx?type=turn&id=JoyceColl.LawrenceUlysses&entity=JoyceColl.LawrenceUlysses.p0162&isize=text
  41. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm
  42. ^ http://www.abbeytheatre.ie/archives/character_detail/5502
  43. ^ Maureen Waters, The Comic Irishman (SUNY Press, 1984), ISBN 978-0873957663, pp. 97ff. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  44. ^ Sen Moran, "Cusack's creation is a blooming legacy", The Irish Times, June 16, 2004  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
  45. ^ Vincent J. Cheng, Joyce, Race, and Empire (Cambridge University Press, 1995), ISBN 978-0521478595, pp. 198ff. Excerpts available at Google Books.