Page protected with pending changes level 1

Mullingar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mullingar
An Muileann gCearr
Town
The Cathedral of Christ the King, May 2007
Mullingar is located in Ireland
Mullingar
Mullingar
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°31′21″N 7°20′16″W / 53.5224°N 7.3378°W / 53.5224; -7.3378Coordinates: 53°31′21″N 7°20′16″W / 53.5224°N 7.3378°W / 53.5224; -7.3378
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County Westmeath
Government
 • Dáil Éireann Longford–Westmeath
 • Local authority Westmeath County Council
Elevation 101 m (331 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 20,928
Time zone WET (UTC±0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (UTC+1)
Eircode routing key N91
Telephone area code +353(0)44
Irish Grid Reference N425523
Website Official website

Mullingar (/ˌmʊl.ɪnˈɡɑːr/; Irish: An Muileann gCearr, meaning "the left-handed mill") is the county town of County Westmeath in Ireland. It is the 3rd most populous town in the midlands region, with a population of 20,928 in the 2016 census.[6]

The Counties of Meath and Westmeath Act (Henry VIII 34) of 1543, proclaimed Westmeath (which then included Longford which separated in 1586) a county, separating it from Meath. Mullingar became the administrative centre for County Westmeath. The town was originally named Maelblatha, and takes its modern name from a mill noted in the legend of Colman of Mullingar.[7]

Traditionally a market town serving the large agricultural hinterland, Mullingar remains a significant commercial location. It had a tradition of cattle-trading until 2003, when its cattle market was closed for development of a mixed commercial and residential scheme called Market Point. However, in 2014 the local County Council have allowed an annual Christmas Market to take place on Mount Street.

Mullingar has a number of neighbouring lakes, Lough Owel, Lough Ennell and Lough Derravaragh, which attract anglers.[citation needed] Lough Derravaragh is also known for its connection with the Irish legend of the Children of Lir. The town of Mullingar is linked to Lough Ennell via Lacy's Canal and the River Brosna. Another nearby waterway is the Royal Canal, which loops around Mullingar.

Local government and politics[edit]

Westmeath County Council is the local authority for Westmeath. The county council comprises two constituencies or “municipal districts”. Mullingar town is in the Mullingar Municipal District which comprises thirteen members.[8] The current mayor is Councillor Ken Glynn.

The town is part of the Longford–Westmeath constituency for elections to Dáil Éireann.

There is a Chamber of Commerce in Mullingar, and Mullingar is one of the three towns that forms the Midlands Gateway [9] region, along with Athlone and Tullamore, set up as part of the Government’s National Spatial Strategy 2002–2020.

Tourism[edit]

Mullingar's main tourist attractions are its lakes – Lough Owel, Lough Derravaragh and Lough Ennell – which are visited by anglers. Also nearby is Belvedere House and Gardens. The town has several hotels. The Greville Arms Hotel has latterly begun creating a mini-museum,[citation needed] and also holds the two Brit awards presented to Niall Horan.[citation needed] James Joyce's connection with the hotel is marked on the premises. In the rooftop garden, there stands a large granite monument which formerly stood at Dominick Street. It was presented to the town by Lord Greville.

Mullingar's most notable building[citation needed] is the cathedral of Christ the King Mullingar, the cathedral of the Diocese of Meath. The Cathedral was dedicated on the day World War II broke out.

Columb Barracks, which closed in March 2012, was a military base which housed the 4th Field Artillery Regiment and the HQ of the 54 Reserve Field Artillery Regiment (Army Reserve). The 1916 Centenary Monument Green Bridge Mullingar was unveiled by Cllr Billy Collentine MCC on Easter Monday 2017. Mullingar Tidy Towns were the organisation that built this monument in memory of the 1916 Easter Rising.[citation needed]

1916 Monument

Economy[edit]

Among Mullingar's exports are items of pewterware produced by Mullingar Pewter.[10] Also associated with Mullingar is Genesis Fine Art, which produces gift items. The "Pilgrims" sculpture on Mullingar's Austin Friars Street, at which location there once stood an Augustinian Friary, was crafted by Genesis on foot of a commission by the Mullingar chapter of Soroptimists International.

Mullingar's commercial sector has expanded in recent years[when?] from just a few shops on the town's main thoroughfares – Oliver Plunkett Street, Austin Friars Street, and Mount Street – to several major shopping areas. There is an out-of-town retail park at Lakepoint (about 1.6 km from the town centre), the Harbour Place Shopping Centre near the town centre, and a development at the Green – on the site of the former Avonmore and Penneys units.

The town has a mix of local retailers and chain stores, and branches of the major banks. The town also has one of the country's largest credit unions (St Colman's Credit Union)[citation needed].

A proposed development, named "Mullingar Central", was to have been located between Mount Street, the Railway station and Blackhall Street. Planning permission was granted for retail, commercial and residential units. Phase 1, which included tax offices, library, civic offices and County Council buildings was officially opened on 11 June 2009.[11] Phase 2 did not, however proceed.[12]

The Famine Memorial Fountain and a millstone, recalling the origin of the town's name
Castle Street is one of the town's high streets

Mullingar contains several industrial estates including Lough Sheever Corporate Park and Clonmore Industrial Estate and Mullingar Business Park. The Industrial Development Authority (IDA) also has a business park at Marlinstown. As of 2015, only one plot on the site has been acquired by an employer, Patterson Pumps, which is constructing a new plant to which it intends moving its entire Irish operation from its current location, at Mullingar Business Park.[citation needed] Two of the town's manufacturing plants – Penn tennis balls and Tarkett[13] – both closed in the early 2000s causing many job losses. Other local employers include the Midland Regional Hospital at Mullingar [1], P.E.M. Engineering,[14] Trend Technologies,[15] Taconic International,[16] and Mullingar Pewter.[10]

Iralco,[17] an automotive component manufacturer, is located nearby in Collinstown. The town is home to a €25m Lidl warehouse and distribution centre. Mullingar is served by internet providers, and speeds of up to 240 Mbit/s are available in the town.[citation needed] As of April 2015, eircom Wholesale announced that by mid-2017, it would be able to offer ISPs the opportunity to purchase access to Fibre to the Home (FTTH) technology in Mullingar, as well as Athlone and Kinnegad, which will allow for speeds of up to 1,000 Mbs.[needs update][citation needed]

Mullingar has a Chamber of Commerce which represents almost 160 businesses from varying commercial sectors.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The Royal Canal

Mullingar lies near the national primary route N4, the main DublinSligo road, 79 km (49 mi) from the capital. The N52 also connects Mullingar to the Galway-Dublin M6 motorway. The town is served by Bus Éireann services to Dublin, Athlone (where passengers can catch connecting buses), Sligo, Cavan, Tullamore and Ballina.

The town currently[when?] suffers from heavy afternoon traffic partially caused by a lack of off-street parking problem.[original research?] The town is bypassed and a ring road has been completed in a bid to further alleviate traffic.

Waterway[edit]

Ferry crossing at Downs, near Mullingar on the Royal Canal, 1961

In the 19th century the town was served for a time by the Royal Canal – however displaced first by the railway and then the car, it is no longer commercially used for the transport of goods or people.[citation needed] The town of Mullingar is also linked to Lough Ennell via Lacy's Canal and the River Brosna.

Railways[edit]

The Midland Great Western Railway line to Mullingar from Dublin opened in stages from 1846 to 1848, arriving in Mullingar on 2 October 1848. This was to a temporary station, adjacent to the greyhound stadium. The original mainline ran from Dublin (Broadstone Station) to Galway via Mullingar, then via Moate to Athlone, the Mullingar to Galway section opening in August 1851. The present station opened with the branch line to Longford on 14 December 1855.

There were two secondary stations in Mullingar, Canal Crossing cattle bank was on the Sligo Line and on the Athlone Line, Newbrook racecourse had its own station. This was a two-platformed station with both platforms on the Down Line.

These days, the Dublin-Sligo railway line northwest to Longford and Sligo is the mainline, Galway is accessed from Heuston Station via Portarlington and the line between Mullingar and Athlone is currently disused. Mullingar station is served by national rail company Iarnród Éireann's Arrow commuter services to Dublin and InterCity trains to/from Sligo.

The Railway Preservation Society of Ireland have a secondary base in the town. There is a photo survey of the disused Athlone Line via Moate.

Healthcare[edit]

Midland Regional Hospital, Mullingar

The Midland Regional Hospital at Mullingar serves the Longford-Westmeath area. An extension was built in the early 1990s to accommodate the ever-increasing population.[citation needed] A change in government, however, halted investment and the extension lay as an empty shell until late 2006 when funding was finally secured to ensure its completion.[citation needed] There are several other hospitals in the town: St Loman's, which provides psychiatric services to the Irish Midlands; St Mary's, a care centre for older people; and the St Francis Private Hospital.

Education[edit]

The town has several primary schools. Those run under the Catholic ethos are Presentation NS, St Mary's NS and St Colman's NS, as well as the Irish language primary school, Gaelscoil an Muileann. All Saints NS is a Church of Ireland School. Other schools serving the town are the Educate Together NS; Gaelscoil an Choilin, at Cullion, and Curraghmore NS, due to move (2015)[needs update] onto a new building on a greenfield site on the Ardmore Road. Second level schools are Coláiste Mhuire, the town's oldest post-primary school, St Finian's College; Loreto College[18] and Mullingar Community College.[19] Coláiste Mhuire is primarily a boys school, however the repeat Leaving Certificate class is co-educational.[citation needed] Just to the north of Mullingar on the old Longford Road is St Finian's College. Until 2003, St Finian's was an all-boys boarding school; however, in 2003 the decision was made to phase out the boarding school by 2007, and to admit girls as well as boys.[citation needed] Loreto College for girls is the largest secondary school in the town,[20] while Mullingar Community College is a co-educational school for boys and girls.[21] The Community College also runs evening courses for adults and awards the FETAC certificates.

Wilson's Hospital School, a co-educational boarding school, operates under the patronage of the Church of Ireland (Anglican Communion). It is located in the nearby village of Multyfarnham. It serves day-students from the Mullingar area.

Culture[edit]

Earl Street, Mullingar, in the late 19th century

Media[edit]

Two print newspapers serve the community: the Westmeath Examiner[22] and the Westmeath Topic.

Music[edit]

The Mullingar Town Band was founded in 1879 by Father Polland as a Holy Family Confraternity Band.[23] The local military barracks supplied some of the early members, who themselves were serving members of the British Regimental bands stationed in Mullingar. The Mullingar Confraternity Band remained under the auspices of the Confraternity until the 1940s, when it was handed over to a committee and continued under the title of Mullingar Brass and Reed Band. The band has a dual role as a concert band and a marching band (the latter known as the Celtic Crusaders).[citation needed] In 2015 the Celtic Crusaders were Irish Marching Band Association League champions, after securing one first and two second-place results in the IMBA League.[citation needed]

First opened in 1989, "The Stables" is a music venue in Mullingar which hosts a variety of music and has featured well-known performers.[citation needed] Critic and writer Ronan Casey has described it as an "essential" stop for national touring acts.[24]

Niall Horan, born and raised in Mullingar, is a member of the boy band One Direction. Horan has won four Brit Awards and four MTV Video Music Awards with One Direction. Niall Breslin, from the band The Blizzards, is also from Mullingar. The Academic are another local band.

In popular culture[edit]

In Doubt, a 2008 film adaptation of the John Patrick Shanley stage play, starring Meryl Streep and Philip Seymour Hoffman, the town is referenced in dialogue between the main character, Sister Aloysius (Streep), and the school caretaker.

Mullingar featured on Three Men in a Boat on BBC 2 on 30 December 2009, in an episode called "Three Men Go to Ireland". Dara Ó Briain, Rory McGrath and Griff Rhys Jones were greeted by a large crowd on the Market Square and spent a night at the Mullingar Greyhound Stadium during this episode where Dara O'Briain's dog Snip Nua raced.

The Furey Brothers also sang "The Reason I Left Mullingar", a song written in 1980 by Pat Cooskey.[25]

The song "Ode in Praise of The City of Mullingar", was written by William J Macquorn Rankine.[26]

Mullingar is mentioned in the song "The Rocky Road to Dublin" by The Dubliners. It is one of the few songs in the 2009 film, Sherlock Holmes that was not composed for the film.[27]

The town is also associated with Irish author James Joyce, who was an occasional visitor to Mullingar during his youth. Joyce's father, John, was a civil servant posted from Dublin to compile an electoral register of Mullingar and the surrounding townlands. He often stayed in the Greville Arms Hotel. James referred to Mullingar in three of his novels, mentioning it twelve times in Ulysses,[28] in chapter 14 of Stephen Hero,[29] and three times in Finnegans Wake.[30][31][32][33][note 1]

Mullingar was mentioned at the end of the song "Horse Outside" by the Rubberbandits, in which the bridesmaid was promised a horse-back ride out to Mullingar.

Pat of Mullingar is an Irish rebel song.

Outside Mullingar, a play by John Patrick Shanley. Starred 'Will and Grace' star Debra Messing.

Mullingar is mentioned several times in The Hostage, a play by Irish playwright Brendan Behan, in the context of the Civil War.

A short video was compiled for Mullingar man Niall Horan's song 'this town' showing an illustrated outline of Mullingar.

Sport[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Mullingar has a tradition in athletics with the club Mullingar Harriers producing many international athletes and several Olympians. Bobby Begley was Irish Team Manager when Eamonn Coughlan won the 5,000 meters World Championship in Helsinki.

GAA[edit]

There are seven G.A.A. football clubs in the Mullingar area: Mullingar Shamrocks,[34] St. Loman's Mullingar, Ballymore GAA , Raharney GAA, St. Mary's GAA and The Downs[35] are the senior teams. Shandonagh fields an intermediate team. St Oliver Plunkett's[36] and Cullion respectively facilitate both senior and intermediate hurling players. The Westmeath GAA team plays its home games at Cusack Park. Mullingar also supports women's teams including Mullingar Shamrocks and St Lomans Mullingar

Football[edit]

Mullingar has three adult football teams: Mullingar Athletic (who play in Gainstown) and Mullingar Town (who have their grounds in D'Alton Park). The third, set up in 2009, are known as Hibernian Celtic AFC, they were originally formed in 1948, but ceased in 1986. They play their home games in the Raithin community pitch in which they share with Grange Utd, an under 18 side formed in 2009. Outside the town there are Rathowen Utd, Raharney FC, Rochfortbridge and Coralstown FC. All teams play in the CCFL league system.[citation needed]

Rugby[edit]

Mullingar rugby football club is located in Cullionbeg, and has had a degree of success in the 1990s with two towns cup final appearances. The club also made it to the 1989 towns cup final. The club has a pick of up to 50 players with three senior teams in very competitive leagues. The 3rd team won the Anderson Cup.[when?]

Australian Rules Football[edit]

There has been an Australian Rules Football team, the Midland Tigers – based in the town since 2000.[37] Over the years the club have provided numerous International Players for the Irish Warriors,[citation needed] the national team for the sport in Ireland and they compete annually in the Aussieproperty.com Premiership.[citation needed]

Champions Board

Snooker[edit]

Westmeath Snooker Ranking events at Junior, Intermediate and Senior levels are hosted by St Mary's Snooker Club Mullingar and is a member of the Republic of Ireland Billiards & Snooker Association.[citation needed] The club's "Handicap Cup" is the longest running snooker event in the midlands running since 1963.[citation needed] The four ranking events are the Midland Open, St Marys Open Classic, Westmeath Championships & the Mullingar Open Snooker Championship at all levels. St.Mary's Snooker Club team won the Peter McNally Memorial Cup 1997 in Edenderry Snooker Club defeating Kildare in the final of the tournament in memory of Peter McNally, an Irish International Snooker player that was fatally injured in a car accident.

View of clubhouse and top courts

Tennis and badminton[edit]

The Mullingar Tennis and Badminton Club is located in the heart of the town and includes eight outdoor tennis courts and a hall containing two badminton courts[38] The committee consists of eight members and president John Murphy.[39] The club was founded in 1892 by members of the Uisneach Badminton Club. It now has eight courts, a practice wall, coaching service, changing room facilitates, kitchen, meeting room, tabletennis table and balcony's.[40]

Greyhound racing[edit]

Greyhound Track,
Lynn, Mullingar

When programmed, greyhound track racing occurs upon the Lynn Greyhound track on Thursday and Saturday evenings. For television broadcasting purposes, races are interlaced with those from Shelbourne Dublin. The track featured on the BBC 'Three Men Go to Ireland' show where Dara O'Briain's dog Snip Nua raced.

Golf[edit]

Mullingar Golf Club, view from carpark

The club was created in 1953, and has now developed to be 6685 yards.[41] Mullingar golf club hosts every August bank holiday weekend a leading amateur golf competition, i.e. The Mullingar Scratch Cup. This competition has been won by Hughie Myres, Des Smyth, Pádraig Harrington, Darren Clarke, Paul McGinley, Nick Grant. The 2006 winner was Rory McIlroy. Mullingar player Gerry Purcell is former An Post Golf Society Irish Champion on two occasions.

Basketball[edit]

The Mullingar Monarchs were formed in 2001, training from the CBS gym in the town centre. Recently[when?] however the Monarchs have switched training locations to Rochfortbridge. While the club took 2 years to get off the ground they are now one of the most decorated in the Midland League,[citation needed] securing one treble and two double titles.[citation needed] The team have also played in the National League Division 1, one step away from the superleague.

The Mullingar Dragons were formed in 2007 and play in the North Eastern Basketball League. In July 2008 a Women's team was added to the already established Men's team.

Cricket[edit]

The Cricket club is based on the St. Finian's ground in Mullingar. The club fields three men's teams in Leinster and Midland Cup and league competitions. First IX – Leinster Division 4 Second IX – Leinster Division 9 Third IX – Leinster Division 14.

Hockey[edit]

Mullingar Hockey Club has 4 adult teams and the club play its matches in the Loreto College, on the Longford road, not far from the hospital. The men's side of the club are in its 26th year,[when?] and has between 40 and 50 members, with their 1st team currently[when?] in Leinster League Division 4, the 2nd team play in Division 7. The Ladies side of the club were re-formed three years ago,[when?] after a break of five years and also have two teams. The matches are played every Saturday (an odd Sunday game does occur) and are open to the public.[citation needed] There are three coaches at the club and several high level umpires.

Swimming[edit]

The Mullingar Jets Swimming Club is based in the town swimming pool located in Mullingar Town Park.

Cycling[edit]

Lakeside Wheelers Mullingar Cycling club has leisure and touring cyclist members of all ages and abilities.[citation needed] The Club's main touring activities are short, medium and longer distance cycles on Saturday and Sunday morning and in the summer months on Monday and Wednesday evenings.[citation needed] Lakeside Wheelers Cycling Club was formed over 20 years ago,[when?] having previously been known as Mullingar Cycling Club. The club is affiliated to Cycling Ireland, the governing body covering cycling in Ireland. The club has grown over the last number of years increasing its membership from 40 members in 2003 to the current high of over 450 members.[citation needed] There is also a growing mountain bike section of the club.[citation needed]

Equestrian[edit]

Mullingar is also the home of one of Ireland's international riding centres. Mullingar Equestrian Centre ( 5 minutes outside the town) regularly hosts competitions. Also they are available for lessons, and on Friday evenings during the year there are competitions for riders to compete in. Other schools in the area include Ladestown House Riding Stables and Catherinestown Riding School. Studs include Tally Ho Stud, Cleaboy Stud, and Charlestown Stud.

Boxing[edit]

Two-time Olympian boxer John Joe Nevin is from Mullingar. He won a silver medal in the bantamweight competition at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[45]

Climate data for Mullingar (1979–2008, extremes 1943–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
15.4
(59.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.5
(77.9)
29.8
(85.6)
29.7
(85.5)
29.5
(85.1)
25.5
(77.9)
22.9
(73.2)
17.3
(63.1)
14.6
(58.3)
29.8
(85.6)
Average high °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
7.9
(46.2)
9.8
(49.6)
12.1
(53.8)
14.9
(58.8)
17.3
(63.1)
19.2
(66.6)
18.9
(66)
16.7
(62.1)
13.2
(55.8)
9.9
(49.8)
7.9
(46.2)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
4.7
(40.5)
6.3
(43.3)
8.1
(46.6)
10.6
(51.1)
13.2
(55.8)
15.2
(59.4)
14.8
(58.6)
12.8
(55)
9.7
(49.5)
6.7
(44.1)
5.0
(41)
9.3
(48.7)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.5
(34.7)
2.8
(37)
4.1
(39.4)
6.3
(43.3)
9.2
(48.6)
11.1
(52)
10.8
(51.4)
8.9
(48)
6.2
(43.2)
3.5
(38.3)
2.2
(36)
5.7
(42.3)
Record low °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−12.2
(10)
−9.2
(15.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.2
(32.4)
3.4
(38.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
−6.9
(19.6)
−14.1
(6.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 91.7
(3.61)
72.0
(2.835)
78.3
(3.083)
62.1
(2.445)
68.7
(2.705)
70.5
(2.776)
61.8
(2.433)
80.8
(3.181)
73.8
(2.906)
102.1
(4.02)
82.4
(3.244)
97.1
(3.823)
941.3
(37.059)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19 17 20 15 16 16 16 17 17 19 18 19 209
Average snowy days 5.0 4.4 3.5 1.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 2.7 17.8
Average relative humidity (%) 83.4 77.8 72.8 68.1 67.1 69.1 69.9 70.6 72.1 77.0 82.2 85.9 74.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.8 70.6 99.2 147.0 179.8 150.0 142.6 142.6 117.0 99.2 66.0 49.6 1,319.4
Mean daily sunshine hours 1.8 2.5 3.2 4.9 5.8 5.0 4.6 4.6 3.9 3.2 2.2 1.6 3.6
Source: Met Éireann[46][47][48]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mullingar appears in Ulysses in the Calypso episode; in Lotus Eaters; twice in Hades; in Lestrygonians; in Nausicaa; twice in Oxen of the Sun; in Circe; in Eumaeus; and twice in Ithaca. The town is also mentioned three times in Finnegans Wake in Book 1, Section 6, page 138, line 19; in Book 2, Section 2, page 286, line 21; and in Book 2, Section 3, page 345, line 34. Mullingar does not appear in Dubliners nor in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census for post 1821 figures. Archived 20 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. Cso.ie.
  2. ^ Histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013 Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010).
  4. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  5. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  6. ^ "Population Distribution – CSO – Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  7. ^ From: Betha Colmáin Maic Lúacháin, or, The Life of Colmán son of Lúachan Life of Colman of Lynn Archived 14 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. alternatively, one may find where the old copy of the original has been many years in France Bibliothèque de Rennes Archived 17 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Westmeathcoco.ie". westmeathcoco.ie. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  9. ^ MidlandGateway.ie Archived 12 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ a b Mullingar Pewter, Gifts of a Lifetime Archived 19 May 2004 at the Wayback Machine.. Mullingarpewter.com.
  11. ^ €40m county buildings officially opened Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Advertiser.ie (19 June 2009).
  12. ^ "Rejuvenating Mullingar". Irish Independent. 19 March 2008. 
  13. ^ Tarkett Group Archived 1 October 2004 at the Wayback Machine.. Tarkett.com.
  14. ^ PEM Ireland Archived 26 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine.. Pem.ie.
  15. ^ Injection Moulding, Plastic Mouldings, Medical Devices, Automotive Components -Trend Technologies Archived 18 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Trendtechnologies.ie.
  16. ^ Taconic Corporate Homepage Archived 21 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine.. 4taconic.com.
  17. ^ Iralco, Ireland, Irish, Meath, automotive industry, automotive components, steel, steel bending, patent process Archived 19 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ http://www.loretomullingar.com/
  19. ^ http://www.mullingarcc.ie/
  20. ^ http://www.loretomullingar.com/
  21. ^ http://www.mullingarcc.ie/
  22. ^ http://www.westmeathexaminer.ie/
  23. ^ Mullingar Town Band website – History Archived 5 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ Casey, Ronan. "The Stables celebrates twenty years". Ronan Casey. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  25. ^ Cooksey, Pat. "PAT COOKSEY – The Reason I Left Mullingar Lyric". www.patcooksey.com. Archived from the original on 21 February 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  26. ^ Rankine, William John Macquorn (17 November 1874). "Songs and fables. Illus. by F.B". Glasgow J. Maclehose. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2017 – via Internet Archive. 
  27. ^ Sherlock Holmes Soundtrack Is Anything But Elementary Archived 29 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. Reelsoundtrack.wordpress.com.
  28. ^ Online-literature.com Archived 19 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  29. ^ James Joyce's Stephen Hero Archived 29 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine., robotwisdom.com, Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  30. ^ Searchable online text of Finnegans Wake Archived 8 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada. Retrieved 3 August 2010. (Note that this e-text contains errors, many of which are listed at F.W.E.E.T. Archived 12 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine.)
  31. ^ Finnegans Wake: Book 1, Section 6, page 138, line 19 Archived 30 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Trent University. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  32. ^ Finnegans Wake: Book 2, Section 2, page 286, line 21 Archived 8 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine., in left hand column. Trent University. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  33. ^ Finnegans Wake: Book 2, Section 3, page 345, line 34 Archived 1 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Trent University. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  34. ^ Mullingar Shamrocks Archived 9 October 2002 at the Wayback Machine.. Mullingar Shamrocks.
  35. ^ The Downs GAA Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Naduntagaa.com.
  36. ^ St Oliver Plunketts Hurling Club, Mullingar Archived 22 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Stoliverplunketts.westmeath.gaa.ie (20 October 2013).
  37. ^ Meath man goes Waltzing Matilda Archived 17 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine., Meath Chronicle, 6 August 2008
  38. ^ "Mullingartennis.com". mullingartennis.com. Archived from the original on 12 April 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  39. ^ "Tennis and badminton". mullingartennisandbadminton.ie/. 29 November 2016. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. 
  40. ^ "Tennis and Badminton". mullingartennisandbadminton.ie/. 29 November 2016. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. 
  41. ^ "Golf". www.mullingargolfclub.ie. 29 November 2016. 
  42. ^ Blackhurst, Chris (6 March 2015). "Breon Corcoran: For the Betfair boss, a good Cheltenham is a safe bet". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  43. ^ "Terry McMahon". IMDb. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. 
  44. ^ "Cardiff Singer of the World, 2003 – The Final – Ireland: Ailish Tynan". BBC. 1 January 1970. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  45. ^ Climate Summary for Mullingar Archived 16 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Weatherbase.com.
  46. ^ "Mullingar 1979–2008 averages". Met Éireann. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  47. ^ "Absolute Maximum Air Temperatures for each Month at Selected Stations" (PDF). Met Éireann. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  48. ^ "Absolute Minimum Air Temperatures for each Month at Selected Stations" (PDF). Met Éireann. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]