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A board-only organization is one that is managed by a board that is self-appointed or otherwise not accountable (for all practical purposes) to a base of members through elections, a delegate body, etc. The growing trend to switch toward this type of structure is controversial.[citation needed] O'Regan & Oster have found that large, more representative non-profit boards score well on a number of indicators.[1] Ostrower found that organizations with at least one governing body member directly elected by membership performs better on a number of governance indicators.[which?][2] However, some organizations find it difficult to maintain a membership-based structure in the wake of increasingly difficult-to-meet requirements for such organizations under the Model Nonprofit Corporation Act.


  1. ^ O'Regan, Katherine & Oster, Sharon M. (2005), Does the Structure and Composition of the Board Matter? The Case of Nonprofit Organizations, 21 J.L. Econ. & Org., p. 205 
  2. ^ Ostrower, Francie (2007), Nonprofit Governance in the United States: Findings on Performance and Accountability from the First National Representative Study, Urban Institute, Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy