Aerial view of Boryspil
|• Total||37.01 km2 (14.29 sq mi)|
|• Total||60 672|
|Area code(s)||+380 4595|
Boryspil (Ukrainian: Бориспіль, translit. Boryspil’, Russian: Борисполь; also referred to as Borispol) is a city of regional significance located in the Kiev Oblast (region) in northern (central) Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of regional significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Boryspil Raion (district), though it administratively does not belong to the raion. It population was estimated in 2013 at 59,545.
The name of the city is of the Greek origin. It consists of two parts Borys from Borysthenes (the Greek name for Dnieper) and Pil from Polis (the Ukrainized version of the Greek word). The city also has a sister city, Hopkins, Minnesota, US.
The settlement is first mentioned in 1154 (12th century) as part of the Kievan Rus (Ruthenia). Sometime after the Mongol invasion, most of the Ruthenian territory belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The site of the settlement belonged to the King's translator Soltan Albiyevich who in 1508 sold it to the Kiev Saint Nicholas Hermitage. It is believed that it was then when the settlement received its modern name.
After the Union of Lublin, the southern regions of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were passed over to the Polish Crown and in 1590 on decision of the Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the settlement was given to Wojtech Czonowicki, a senior of the Registered Cossacks, who later participated in the Kosiński uprising. In 1596 the Polish King Sigismund III Vasa transformed the town into a royal estate and there was formed the Boryspol starostwo. Later the same year it was granted the Magdeburg rights (or possibly Lübeck law) and in the town was built a ratusz. The Boryspil town's coat of arms contained an image of Saint Stanislav (see Stanislaus of Szczepanów). With extinguishing the Nalyvaiko Uprising, the Boryspil starostwo was passed to Stanisław Żółkiewski and stayed as the Żółkiewski's family estate until the 1648 Khmelnytsky Uprising.
The town suffered greatly during the Soviet organized Holodomor when between 1 January 1933 to 1 January 1934 only by official data perished 5,739 among which 266 were infants (less than a year old).
During World War II, Boryspil was occupied by the German Army from September 23, 1941 to September 23, 1943. Fierce battles were fought around the city during its capture and liberation. During the Nazi occupation, the airfield of the modern Boryspil International Airport was used as a camp for prisoners of war.
In 1956 Boryspil was officially granted the city status. Currently the city is home to the country's main and biggest airport, Boryspil International Airport (international code KBP) and some minor industry.
Around the city detours the main European route , particularly the Kiev–Kharkiv highway (part of the national route). Along between Kiev and Boryspil International Airport stretches a modernized motorway.
- "Trudova Slava" newspaper (since 1930)
- "Visti" newspaper (since 2000)
People born in Boryspil
- Battle of Boryspil (1920)
- "City of Hopkins, Minnesota: Sister City: Boryspil, Ukraine". Hopkinsmn.com. 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
- "Visti" newspaper website (in Ukrainian)
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