From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coat of arms of Pripyat
Coat of arms
Pripyat is located in Kyiv Oblast
Pripyat is located in Ukraine
Coordinates: 51°24′17″N 30°03′25″E / 51.40472°N 30.05694°E / 51.40472; 30.05694
Country Ukraine
OblastKyiv Oblast
RaionChornobyl Raion (1923–1988) Ivankiv Raion (1988-Present)
Founded4 February 1970
City rights1979
 • AdministrationState Agency of Ukraine on the Exclusion Zone Management
Elevation111 m (364 ft)
 • Total0
 (ca 49,360 in 1986)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal code
none (formerly 01196)
Area code(s)+380 4499[3]

Pripyat (/ˈprpjət, ˈprɪp-/ PREE-pyət, PRIP-yət; Russian: При́пять, romanizedPripyat') or Prypiat (Ukrainian: При́п’ять, romanizedPrypiat, IPA: [ˈprɪpjɐtʲ]) is a ghost city in northern Ukraine, near the Ukraine–Belarus border. Named after the nearby river Pripyat, the city was founded on February 4, 1970, as the ninth nuclear city (aka an "atomgrad", a type of closed city) in the Soviet Union, to serve the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[4] It was officially proclaimed a city in 1979 and had grown to a population of 49,360[5] by the time it was evacuated on the afternoon of 27 April 1986, the day after the Chernobyl disaster.[6]

Although Pripyat is located within the administrative district of Ivankiv Raion, the abandoned municipality now has the status of city of oblast significance within the larger Kyiv Oblast (province) and is administered directly from Kyiv. Pripyat is also supervised by Ukraine's Ministry of Emergencies, which manages activities for the entire Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.



Panoramic view of Pripyat in May 2009
View of the Chernobyl power plant including 2003 radioactive level of 763 microroentgens per hour

Access to Pripyat, unlike cities of military importance, was not restricted before the disaster, as the Soviet Union deemed nuclear power stations safer than other types of power plants. Nuclear power stations were presented as achievements of Soviet engineering, harnessing nuclear power for peaceful projects. The slogan "peaceful atom" (Russian: мирный атом, romanizedmirnyy atom) was popular during those times. The original plan had been to build the plant only 25 km (16 mi) from Kyiv, but the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, among other bodies, expressed concern that would be too close to the city. As a result, the power station and Pripyat[7] were built at their current locations, about 100 km (62 mi) from Kyiv. After the disaster, the city of Pripyat was evacuated in two days.[8]

A panorama of Pripyat during summer. The Chernobyl power plant, currently undergoing decommissioning, is visible in the distance, at top center.

Post-Chernobyl years[edit]

Pripyat amusement park, as seen from the City Center Gymnasium
The Azure Swimming Pool was still in use by liquidators in 1996, a decade after the Chernobyl incident.
In 2009, over two decades after the Chernobyl incident, the Azure Swimming Pool shows decay after years of disuse.

In 1986, the city of Slavutych was constructed to replace Pripyat. After the city of Chernobyl, this was the second-largest city for accommodating power plant workers and scientists in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

One notable landmark often featured in photographs of the city and visible from aerial-imaging websites is the long-abandoned Ferris wheel located in the Pripyat amusement park, which had been scheduled to have its official opening five days after the disaster, in time for May Day celebrations.[9][10] The Azure Swimming Pool and Avanhard Stadium are two other popular tourist sites.

On 4 February 2020, former residents of Pripyat gathered in the abandoned city to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Pripyat’s establishment, marking the first time former residents returned to the city since the evacuation back in 1986. [11]

Infrastructure and statistics[edit]

Pripyat before the Chernobyl disaster

The following statistics are from January 1, 1986.[12]

  • Population: 49,400 before the disaster. The average age was about 26 years old. Total living space was 658,700 m2 (7,090,000 sq ft): 13,414 apartments in 160 apartment blocks, 18 halls of residence accommodating up to 7,621 single males or females, and eight halls of residence for married or de facto couples.
  • Education: 15 kindergartens and elementary schools for 4980 children, and five secondary schools for 6786 students.
  • Healthcare: One hospital that could accommodate up to 410 patients, and three clinics.
  • Trade: 25 stores and malls; 27 cafes, cafeterias, and restaurants that collectively could serve up to 5,535 customers simultaneously. 10 warehouses that could hold 4,430 tons of goods.
  • Culture: Three facilities: a culture palace, the Palace of Culture Energetik; a cinema; and a school of arts, with eight different societies.
  • Sports: 10 gyms, 10 shooting galleries, three indoor swimming-pools, two stadiums.
  • Recreation: One park, 35 playgrounds, 18,136 trees, 33,000 rose plants, 249,247 shrubs.
  • Industry: Four factories with total annual turnover of 477,000,000 rubles. one nuclear power plant with four reactors (and two more planned).
  • Transportation: Yanov railway station, 167 urban buses, plus the nuclear power plant car park with 400 spaces.
  • Telecommunication: 2,926 local phones managed by the Pripyat Phone Company, plus 1,950 phones owned by Chernobyl power station's administration, Jupiter plant, and Department of Architecture and Urban Development.


The external relative gamma dose for a person in the open near the Chernobyl disaster site. The intermediate lived fission products like Cs-137 contribute nearly all of the gamma dose now after a number of decades have passed, see opposite.
The impact of the different isotopes on the radioactive contamination of the air soon after the accident. Drawn using data from the OECD report [1] and the second edition of 'The radiochemical manual'.

A natural concern is whether it is safe to visit Pripyat and the surroundings. The Zone of Alienation is considered relatively safe to visit, and several Ukrainian companies offer guided tours around the area.[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21] In most places within the city, the level of radiation does not exceed an equivalent dose of 1 μSv (one microsievert) per hour.[22]


The climate of Pripyat is designated as Dfb (Warm-summer humid continental climate) on the Köppen Climate Classification System.[23]

Climate data for Pripyat, Ukraine (metric units)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C -3.0 -1.4 3.7 13.2 20.3 23.5 24.6 23.9 18.8 11.8 4.3 -0.1 11.7
Average mean °C -6.1 -4.7 0.1 8.4 14.8 18.0 19.1 18.4 13.7 7.8 1.8 -2.6 7.4
Average low °C -9.1 -8.0 -3.5 3.7 9.3 12.6 13.7 12.9 8.6 3.8 -0.7 -5.1 3.2
Precipitation (cm) 4.0 3.4 3.3 4.5 5.0 8.1 8.8 6.7 5.1 4.0 4.7 4.5 62.1
Climate data for Pripyat, Ukraine (Imperial Units)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 26.6 29.5 38.7 55.8 68.5 74.3 76.3 75.0 65.8 53.2 39.7 31.8 53.0
Average mean °F 21.0 23.5 32.2 47.1 58.6 64.4 66.4 65.1 56.7 46.0 35.2 27.3 45.4
Average low °F 15.6 17.6 25.7 38.7 48.7 54.7 56.7 55.2 47.5 38.8 30.7 22.8 37.8
Precipitation (in) 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.8 2.0 3.2 3.5 2.6 2.0 1.6 1.9 1.8 24.4

In popular culture[edit]


(Alphabetical by title)

  • The plot of the film A Good Day to Die Hard (2013) is partly set in Pripyat.
  • The horror movie Chernobyl Diaries (2012) was inspired by the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and takes place in Pripyat.[24]
  • The majority of the movie Land of Oblivion (2011) was shot on location in Pripyat.
  • Pripyat is featured in the History Channel documentary Life After People.
  • The drone manufacturer DJI produced Lost City of Chernobyl (May 2015), a documentary film about the work of photographer and cinematographer Philip Grossman and his five-year project in Pripyat and the Zone of Exclusion.[25]
  • Filmmaker Danny Cooke used a drone to capture shots of the abandoned amusement park, some residential shots of decaying walls, children's toys, and gas masks, and collected them in a 3-minute short film Postcards From Chernobyl (released in November 2014), while making footage for the CBS News 60 Minutes episode "Chernobyl: The Catastrophe That Never Ended" (early 2014).[26][27]
  • With the help of drones, aerial views of Pripyat were shot and later edited to appear as a deserted London in the film The Girl with All the Gifts (2016).[28]
  • The film Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2011) shows a brief mission to Pripyat wherein the Autobots are first attacked by Shockwave while searching for a piece of alien technology which, in universe, is explained as being the catalyst to the Chernobyl disaster.
  • The documentary White Horse (2008) was filmed in Pripyat.[29]


(Alphabetical by game title)


(Alphabetical by artist)

  • In DC Comics' Batwoman (2011) comic book series, the final mission of Kate Kane's training to become the titular superhero consists of a hostage rescue in the city.
  • Markiyan Kamysh's novel, A Stroll to the Zone, about illegal disaster tourism trips to Chernobyl, was praised by reviewers as the most interesting literature debut in Ukraine. The novel has been translated into French (titled La Zone), published by the French publishing house Arthaud (Groupe Flammarion), and was warmly welcomed by critics and praised in French magazines.[31][32][33]
  • Much of the James Rollins' novel The Last Oracle takes place in Pripyat and around Chernobyl. The story revolves around a team of American "Killer Scientist" special agents who must stop a terrorist plot to unleash on the world the radiation of Lake Karachay, during the installation of the new sarcophagus over the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
  • The exclusion zone is the setting for Karl Schroeder's science fiction short story "The Dragon of Pripyat".
  • A novel by R.D. Shah, The 4th Secret, includes a chapter (30) that takes place in Pripyat where a fictional group of Skoptsy heretics were holding two important people they had kidnapped.[34]
  • Martin Cruz Smith's novel Wolves Eat Dogs uses Pripyat as the setting for an investigation by Arkady Renko.


(Alphabetical by artist)

  • The Ukrainian singer Alyosha recorded most of the video for her Eurovision 2010 entry, "Sweet People", in Pripyat.
  • Ash, the rock band from Northern Ireland, has a song titled Pripyat included in their album A–Z Vol.1.
  • Crucifix song "Chernobyl" was filmed in Pripyat
  • The song "Dead City" (Ukrainian: Мертве Місто) by the Ukrainian Symphonic Metal band DELIA is about Pripyat, and scenes from the music video were shot in the city. DELIA's vocalist, Anastasia Sverkunova, was born in Pripyat just before the Chernobyl disaster.[35]
  • In 2006, musician Example featured Pripyat in his 18-minute documentary of the ghost town and in his promotional video for his track, "What We Made".
  • The German pianist and composer Hauschka features Pripyat on the second track of his album Abandoned Cities.
  • The Scottish post-rock band Mogwai included a song called "Pripyat" on their album Atomic (2016), which is a soundtrack to Mark Cousins' documentary Atomic, Living in Dread and Promise.
  • The irish folk-rock singer Christy Moore included a song called "Farewell to Pripyat" on his album Voyage (1989), the song credited to Tim Dennehy.
  • In 2014, for the 20th anniversary of the original release of The Division Bell, a music video for the song "Marooned" was produced and released on the official Pink Floyd website. Aubrey Powell of Hipgnosis directed the video, some parts of which were filmed in Pripyat[36] during the first week of April 2014.[37]
  • Marillion guitarist Steve Rothery's first solo album is called The Ghosts of Pripyat (2014).
  • The Australian Rapper Seth Sentry included the two-part song "Pripyat" in his album Strange New Past (2015).
  • The English rock band Suede used the city to shoot their music video clip Life Is Golden, including takes of the Azure Swimming Pool, Pripyat amusement park, and Polissya hotel.
  • The Swedish Industrial Metal band ZAVOD has a song titled "Pripyat" on their debut album Industrial City, released in 2012. The song covers the aftermath for the people of Pripyat who were affected by the disaster at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986.


(Alphabetical by series)


The city was served by Yaniv station on the Chernihiv–Ovruch railway. It was an important passenger hub of the line and was located between the southern suburb of Pripyat and the village of Yaniv. An electric train terminus of Semikhody, built in 1988 and located in front of the nuclear plant, is currently the only operating station near Pripyat connecting it to Slavutych.[41]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Elevation of Pripyat, Ukraine Elevation Map, Topography, Contour". Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  2. ^ "What does Chernobyl look like now, is it safe and does anyone live there?". 2019-05-07.
  3. ^ "City Phone Codes". Archived from the original on 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  4. ^ Pripyat: Short Introduction Archived 2012-07-11 at
  5. ^ "Chernobyl and Eastern Europe: My Journey to Chernobyl 6". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
  6. ^ "Pripyat – City of Ghosts". Archived from the original on 2016-02-17. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  7. ^ "History of the Pripyat city creation". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  8. ^ Anastasia. "". Info Blog. Archived from the original on 2014-11-17. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  9. ^ Hjelmgaard, Kim (2016-04-17). "Pillaged and peeling, radiation-ravaged Pripyat welcomes 'extreme' tourists". USA Today. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  10. ^ Gais, Hannah; Steinberg, Eugene (2016-04-26). "Chernobyl in Spring". Pacific Standard. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  11. ^ LEE, PHOTOS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, EDITED BY AMANDA. "AP Gallery: Chernobyl town Pripyat celebrates 50th anniversary". Columbia Missourian. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  12. ^ Припять в цифрах Archived 2012-10-13 at the Wayback Machine ("Pripyat in Numbers"), a page from Pripyat website
  13. ^ "Chernobyl Tour". Archived from the original on 2016-01-31. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  14. ^ "Chernobyl Welcome". Archived from the original on 2016-02-11. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  15. ^ "Chernobyl Tours by Solo East Travel". Archived from the original on 2019-01-25. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  16. ^ "Tour Chernobyl". Archived from the original on 2018-11-27. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  17. ^ "Lupine Travel - Chernobyl". Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  18. ^ "Tour2Chernobyl". Archived from the original on 2018-04-27. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  19. ^ "Tour2Kiev". Archived from the original on 2015-12-24. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  20. ^ "Pripyat - Chernobyl Tour". Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  21. ^ Real Chernobyl
  22. ^ "Radiation levels". The Chernobyl Gallery. 2013-10-24. Archived from the original on 2014-09-29. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  23. ^
  24. ^ Chernobyl Diaries on IMDb
  25. ^ DJI (2015-08-14), DJI Stories – The Lost City of Chernobyl, archived from the original on 2015-08-25, retrieved 2016-03-24
  26. ^ a b "Witness a Drone's Eye View of Chernobyl's Urban Decay". The Creators Project. 2014-11-24. Archived from the original on 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  27. ^ "من فوق.. كيف يبدو ما بقي من تشيرنوبل بعد 30 عاما من الكارثة النووية؟". CNN Arabic. December 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  28. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (4 August 2016). "The story behind 'The Girl With All The Gifts'". Screen International. Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  29. ^ White Horse on IMDb
  30. ^ "Atypical Games launches Radiation City". Archived from the original on 2017-09-03. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  31. ^ "Tchernobyl 30 ans après : au coeur de la zone interdite". L'Obs (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  32. ^ "Littérature : "La Zone" de Markiyan Kamysh et "La Maison dans laquelle" de Mariam Petrosyan". France Culture (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  33. ^ "Reportage dans la zone interdite de Tchernobyl". Les Inrocks (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  34. ^ Shah, R.D. (2017-07-10). The 4th Secret. Canelo. p. 398. ISBN 978-1-911591-68-9.
  35. ^ "DELIA". Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  36. ^ Johns, Matt (19 May 2014). "Pink Floyd release new Marooned video...and TDB20 countdown!". Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  37. ^ "Pink Floyd to Release 20th Anniversary Box Set of "The Division Bell"" (Press release). 20 May 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-03-04. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  38. ^ "من فوق.. كيف يبدو ما بقي من تشيرنوبل بعد 30 عاما من الكارثة النووية؟". CNN Arabic. December 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  39. ^ "Philip Grossman - Mysteries of the Abandoned Cast". Science.
  40. ^ "Philip Ethan Grossman". IMDb.
  41. ^ "Radioactive Railroad". Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved 2015-11-25.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°24′20″N 30°03′25″E / 51.40556°N 30.05694°E / 51.40556; 30.05694