Brahmani temple

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Brahmani temple
ବ୍ରାହ୍ମଣୀ ମନ୍ଦିର
Geography
Coordinates 21°15′21.12″N 86°48′33.8″E / 21.2558667°N 86.809389°E / 21.2558667; 86.809389Coordinates: 21°15′21.12″N 86°48′33.8″E / 21.2558667°N 86.809389°E / 21.2558667; 86.809389
Country India
State/province Orissa
District Baleswar
Locale Avana
Culture
Primary deity Avaloketesvara, Chamunda
Important festivals Durga Puja
Architecture
Architectural styles Orissan Pidha vimana temple architecture
History and governance
Date built 10th–11th centuries
Creator Somavamsi rule
Temple board Laxmi Narayan Puja Committee

Brahmani temple (Odia: ବ୍ରାହ୍ମଣୀ ମନ୍ଦିର) is a Hindu and Buddhist temple located in Avana, Baleswar, Orissa, India built in the 10th–11th centuries A.D. It is a living temple and the presiding deity is an eight-armed three-faced Chamunda image. It is a protected monument of Orissa State Archaeology.

Location[edit]

It is on the left bank of the river Son and is about 6 km north of Ajodhya. It is 21 km from the Baleshwar town, Orissa.

Construction[edit]

It is a pidha temple followed by a flat roofed open mandapa. The presiding deity of the temple is an eight-armed Chamunda image and iconographically it can be dated to the 10th–11th centuries A.D. The temple is a modern one but it houses a few important specimen of Buddhist and Saviate sculptures, datable to the same centuries.

Quantification[edit]

  • Area dimension (L x B x H): 4.20 m x 4.00 m x 6.50 m
  • Number of blocks: Two, vimana followed by a mandapa

Spatial organization[edit]

  • Orientation: Facing towards west
  • Plan: The vimana is square; mandapa is rectangular
  • Allocation of spaces: 10 m x 4.50 m in length and width respectively

Architectural style[edit]

Ornamentation[edit]

  • Exteriors: Plain
  • Interiors: Plain
  • Movable collections: Four-armed Avaloketesvara, eight-armed and three-faced Chamunda.
  • It is a recently built shrine with pancharatha on plan and panchanga bada in elevation.

Construction technology[edit]

  • Structural System: It has a pidha vimana fronted by a flat Jaga mohan. The vimana is pancharatha on plan and panchaga bada in elevation.
  • Building techniques: Ashlar masonry
  • Material of construction: Laterite used for the temple; the images are made of chlorite stone.

Vermilion and oil is regularly applied over the images by the priest, which may be harmful for the stone carvings in long run.

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

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