All Saints' parish church
Brixworth shown within Northamptonshire
|Population||5,162 (2001 census) 5,228 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Brixworth is a village and civil parish in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire, England. The 2001 census recorded a parish population of 5,162, increasing to 5,228 at the 2011 census. The village's All Saints' Church is of Anglo-Saxon origin.
The village is about 5 miles (8 km) north of Northampton next to the A508 road, now by-passed, and about 8 miles (13 km) south of Market Harborough. About 3 miles (5 km) north of the village is a junction with the A14 road that runs between the M1 and M6 motorway interchange at Catthorpe east to Cambridge and the east coast port of Felixstowe.
A lengthy article about the history of the parish appears in the Victoria County History for Northamptonshire, volume 4, which was published in 1937. Its text can be consulted at British History Online.
The main road from Northampton to Market Harborough passed through the village, where a number of inns served the needs of travellers for refreshment, lodging and a change of horses. The buildings of two present-day pubs in the village date back to the era of horse-drawn transport:
In 1819 Sir Charles Knightley purchased land between Spratton Road and Kennel Terrace, where the Pytchley Hunt then erected kennels, providing a fresh source of local employment at a time of agricultural depression. The Hunt remained in the village until 1966, after which the site was developed for housing.
All Saints' church is one of the oldest, largest and most complete Anglo-Saxon churches in the country. It was founded circa 680 AD and has been called as "The finest Saxon church north of the Alps".
In June 1839, Brixworth was the scene of notable public meeting addressed by the Chartist Robert George Gammage of Northampton. Before the meeting took place, Gammage and his two companions attended a service in the parish church where the vicar Charles Frederic Watkins rebuked them and threatened the three with arrest if the meeting proceeded. Despite this, Gammage recalled that attendance at the roadside assembly later that day amounted to several hundreds and Watkins' efforts to persuade the constable to arrest those who addressed it were unsuccessful.
Poor Law Union
Brixworth Poor Law Union was established in 1835 and a workhouse erected on the south side of Spratton Road soon afterwards. Only the entrance block, including some later side extensions to it, remains; these premises are now used for business purposes. The activities of the Brixworth Poor Law Union attracted controversy, particularly in the latter part of the 19th century, because of its reluctance to provide relief to poor people unless they agreed to enter the Workhouse. Brixworth is the focus of a substantial work on the political, social and personal implications of welfare policies during the period. The Workhouse was closed in 1935.
The Northampton and Market Harborough railway through the parish was opened in 1859, passing 0.5 miles (800 m) west of the village. An ironstone quarry, served by its own industrial railway, was developed near the village. British Railways closed Brixworth railway station to passenger traffic in 1960 and closed the line to freight traffic in 1981. The trackbed of the former railway was reopened in 1993 as the Brampton Valley Way.
From the 1960s onwards, a large amount of new housing has been built at Brixworth, mainly on fields to the south of the original village. A by-pass on the east side has diverted traffic travelling between Northampton and Market Harborough away from the built-up area. Another major change has been the creation of Pitsford Water (a reservoir) and Brixworth Country Park, which is a short distance from Brixworth itself.
The Historic England website contains details of a total of 17 listed buildings in the parish of Brixworth, all of which are Grade II apart from All Saints' Church, which is Grade I. They include:
- All Saints' Church, Church Street
- Brixworth War Memorial, All Saints' Churchyard
- Coach and Horses Inn, Harborough Road
- Cross, Church Street
- Home Farmhouse, Church Street
- Mint Cottage, Church Street
- Steps Cottage, Silver Street
- The Firs, Saneco Lane
- George Inn, Northampton Road
- The Granary, Church Street
- The Grange, Kennel Terrace
- The Lodge, Northampton Road
- Manor House, Harborough Road
- Old Vicarage, Church Street
- Pound House, Northampton Road
Brixworth Hall was near the church, surrounded by a park and close to the centre of the historic settlement of Brixworth. The hall was built in the Tudor period by the Saunders family who were part owners of the manor of Brixworth from 1532. The house was owned by four generations of the Saunders family until the early 18th century. It was extended in the 18th century, incorporating parts of the original building. The house was offered for sale by auction in 1801 at which time it was described as being a spacious stone mansion with coach house, stabling, gardens, canals and fish-ponds. The hall was demolished in 1954.
The churches that currently worship at Brixworth are:
- All Saints Parish Church
- Brixworth Christian Fellowship
A Wesleyan Methodist (later Methodist) chapel was opened in Church Street in 1811 and enlarged in 1860. The chapel closed in the 1970s and the building is now in residential use.
The status of the primary school at Brixworth is Church of England Voluntary Controlled. Details of a series of reports on the school can be found in the relevant section of the Ofsted website. 450 pupils were on the roll at the time of the inspection in September 2011.
Clubs and amenities
Brixworth Juniors Football Club is a football club that encourages children of all ages to be active and play sport. It has produced successful footballers, including Kidderminster Harriers' Liam Dolman. The adults' team, Brixworth All Saints, are in the Premier Division of the Northamptonshire Football Combination, which is at level 7 of the National League System. It plays its home games on the village's St. David's Recreation Ground.
Brixworth Cricket Club plays on the ground at Haywards Barn, which was opened in 2008, as well as on St. David's playing field for third team and junior games. The 1st team play in the premier division of the Northants Cricket League and the 2nd and 3rd team play in Divisions 5 and 13. They run 4 junior teams between ages 9 and 17 who play on both grounds.
The Drama Society stages 2–3 productions annually - including a pantomime.
The village is home to an award winning historical re-enactment society, Sir William Harrington's Companye, who recreate life as it would have been for the 15th century inhabitants of Brixworth.
There is a free village newspaper, the Brixworth Bulletin.
Brampton Valley Way passes 0.7 miles (1.1 km) west of the village, Pitsford Reservoir is about 1 mile (2 km) to the southeast and the Northampton & Lamport Railway is 2.7 miles (4 km) to the south at Pitsford and Brampton railway station.
In 2008 the Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines (HTP) premises in Brixworth planned to build two 127 m (417 ft) high wind turbines. Lancaster-based Wind Direct has submitted a planning application to Daventry District Council to install the two turbines and Mercedes-Benz HTP plans to use 92 per cent of the electricity generated, with the rest being exported to the National Grid. The plans are controversial with widespread opposition from some, but not all local residents.
- "Area selected: Daventry (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 April 2011.br
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Brixworth". Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "The George Inn Brixworth". Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "The Coach and Horses Brixworth". Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- Clapham, 1930, page 33, cited in Blair, 1977, page 152
- Robert George Gammage. "Becoming a Chartist speaker, and first leaving Northampton in 1840". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
- "Brixworth Poor Law Union". Retrieved 2015-02-13.
- Hurren, Elizabeth T (2007). Protesting About Pauperism: Poverty, Politics and Poor Relief in Late-Victorian England, 1870-1900. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. ISBN 978-0-86193-292-4.
- "Brixworth Country Park". Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "Historic England – The List". Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- "Historic England – Church of St All Saints, Brixworth". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – Brixworth War Memorial". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – Coach & Horses". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Cross, Brixworth". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – Home Farmhouse". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – Mint Cottage". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – Steps Cottage". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Firs". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The George Inn". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Granary". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Grange". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Lodge". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Manor House". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Old Vicarage". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- "Historic England – The Pound House". Retrieved 2015-10-06.
- Towns and Villages around Northampton
- Victoria County History
- Sale particulars
- England's Lost Heritage
- Brixworth History Society (1993). Brixworth Now & Then. Brixworth: Brixworth History Society. p. 3.
- "Brixworth Primary School". Ofsted. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- "Northampton Chronicle & Echo: Fight to stop wind turbines, 3 November 2008". Retrieved 2008-11-03.
- "Plan for wind turbines temporarily withdrawn, 14 November 2008". Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Blair, Peter Hunter (1977) . An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon England (Second ed.). Cambridge & London: Cambridge University Press. pp. 146, 151–152. ISBN 0-521-29219-0.
- Brixworth History Society (1999). A Pictorial History of Brixworth. Brixworth: Brixworth History Society. ISBN 0-9536010-0-5.
- Brixworth History Society (2012). Another History of Brixworth in words and pictures. Brixworth: Brixworth History Society. ISBN 9780953601035.
- Clapham, A.W. (1930). English Romanesque Architecture: Volume I: Before the Conquest. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 30.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1973) . Northamptonshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 124–127. ISBN 0-14-071022-1.
- Salzman, L.F., ed. (1937). A History of the County of Northampton, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 150–157.
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