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Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica)4.jpg
Plain parakeet
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Genus: Brotogeris
Vigors, 1825

see text

Brotogeris is a genus of small parrots endemic to Central and South America. The closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] They eat seeds and fruit.[5]


List of species of the genus:


The species of the genus Brotogeris form a monophyletic group[4] whose closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] The species are positioned in two separate clades.


Brotogeris tirica


Brotogeris versicolurus


Brotogeris chiriri


Brotogeris sanctithomae


Brotogeris pyrrhoptera


Brotogeris jugularis


Brotogeris cyanoptera


Brotogeris chrysoptera



Species photographs[edit]


  1. ^ a b Tavares, E.S.; Baker, A.J.; Pereira, S.L.; Miyaki, C.Y. (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of Neotropical parrots (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Arini) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences". Systematic Biology 55 (3): 454–470. doi:10.1080/10635150600697390. PMID 16861209. 
  2. ^ a b Ribas, C.C.; Moyle, R.G.; Miyaki, C.Y.; Cracraft, J. (2007a). "The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 274 (1624): 2399–2408. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0613. 
  3. ^ a b Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E.; Matsumoto T.; Eberhard J. R.; Graves G. R.; Sanchez J. J.; Capelli S.; Muller H.; Scharpegge J.; Chambers G. K.; Fleischer R. C. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Mol Biol Evol 25 (10): 2141–2156. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385. PMID 18653733. 
  4. ^ a b c Ribas, C. C.; Miyaki, C. Y.; Cracraft, J. (2009). "Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and biogeography in Neotropical Brotogeris parakeets". Journal of Biogeography 36 (9): 1712–1729. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02131.x. 
  5. ^ a b Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 196. ISBN 1-84309-164-X.