|Bruce Reynolds Alger|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 5th district
January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1965
|Preceded by||Joseph Franklin Wilson|
|Succeeded by||Earle Cabell|
|Born||Bruce Reynolds Alger
June 12, 1918
Dallas, Texas, USA
|Died||April 13, 2015
Palm Bay, Brevard County
(1) Lucille Antoine Alger (divorced 1961)
From first marriage:
|Occupation||Real estate broker|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1941–1945|
Bruce Reynolds Alger (June 12, 1918 – April 13, 2015) was an American politician, real estate agent and real estate developer, and a former Republican U.S. representative from Texas, the first to have represented a Dallas district since Reconstruction. He served from 1955 until 1965. Though born in Dallas, Alger was reared in Webster Groves, Missouri, a small suburb of St. Louis.
Alger was born in Dallas, Texas, to David Bruce Alger, a bank representative, and Clare Alger (née Freeman), an aspiring poet and writer. Alger attended Princeton University in New Jersey on a scholarship. There he studied philosophy, art, and music, and was a center for the football team. After his graduation in 1940, he went to work for the RCA Corporation as a field representative.
With the coming of World War II, he joined the United States Army, assigned to Squadron 5 at the Army Air Corps Advanced Flying School at Kelly Field, Texas. He flew bombers and attained the rank of captain, claiming to be among the first American troops in Japan after the conclusion of the war in August 1945. He received the Distinguished Flying Cross. On returning to civilian life, RCA refused to rehire him on the grounds that he had been out of television production for too long.
In April 2013, Alger self-published a book on his experience in World War II. The book is "The Crew Book - Miss America '62". The B-29 that Alger piloted was named "Miss America '62" after his daughter who would turn 18 in 1962. The book details the crew's experience through training, combat, and eventually the surrender of Japan.
Development Of Alger Park
In 1950, Alger announced the development of a 180-lot subdivision in Far East Dallas off Peavy Road which was to bear his name, and is known as Alger Park. Alger continued to support the development after being elected to Congress, even speaking at ceremonies for the neighborhood.
Congressional service (1955–1965)
In 1954, Alger became the Republican candidate for U.S. House of Representatives for Texas' 5th congressional district. Considering his state's Democratic tradition, it was unexpected that Alger would win. He received 27,982 ballots (52.9 percent) to Democrat Wallace H. Savage's 24,904 (47.1 percent). He was the only Republican in the Texas delegation for eight years until 1963, when Ed Foreman of Odessa, later of Dallas, joined Alger for the final two years of his tenure.
Alger served during the heyday of the Lyndon B. Johnson and Sam Rayburn era. As a Republican and a most conservative Republican at that, he was the odd man out in the Texas delegation. Alger considered himself an individualist, a constitutionalist, and a man of principles. Critics, however, equated his principles to stubbornness.
His belief in limited government conflicted with many of his colleagues, who expected to trade for votes on various issues and projects, something he refused to do. In the era of civil rights, he believed that solutions lay with local, not national government. He maintained that the national government should concentrate on defense and foreign affairs. He believed that the responsibility for social programs belonged at the local level. He was the only member of the House, for example, to oppose the popular school lunch program.
According to Time magazine (January 6, 1958), Alger assessed the upcoming second session of the Democratic 85th Congress in a pessimistic but resolved vein: "I foresee bitterness and hatefulness... We are going to squabble and fight and make the world think we hate each other and that we can't solve our problems. We are going to have bigger and bigger budgets, higher taxes, more government spending at home and abroad, and more inflation accompanied by deficit financing. Happy New Year!"
In 1960, Alger organized a protest at the Adolphus Hotel in Dallas against Lyndon Johnson, by then the U.S. Senate majority leader, who was campaigning to become vice president as John F. Kennedy's running mate. Alger held a placard which stated, "LBJ Sold Out to Yankee Socialists." The rally turned ugly, and Lady Bird Johnson was spat upon by a protestor, and her white gloves were yanked from her and thrown into a gutter. Vice President Richard M. Nixon believed that the incident caused him to lose Texas's then twenty-four electoral votes to Kennedy and Johnson. Columnists Rowland Evans and Robert Novak said that the protest also impacted the votes of white southerners in other states. Nixon later said, "Well, we lost Texas in 1960 because of that . . . congressman in Dallas", vulgar epithet deleted.
House Speaker Sam Rayburn of Bonham particularly disliked Alger and was often brutal toward the Republican "interloper" in the Texas delegation. Lyndon Johnson, on the other hand, was often deferential to the Republican U.S. Senator John G. Tower, Johnson's 1960 general election opponent and long-term Senate successor, because of Tower's support for Johnson on the Vietnam War. Rayburn, though friendly with House Republican Leader Joseph W. Martin of Massachusetts, would have been elated had he lived to see Alger defeated after a decade of House service.
Defeated for reelection, 1964
In 1956 and 1958, Alger defeated two Democrats who later became well-known names in the state. In 1956, he edged Henry Wade, the Dallas County district attorney who emerged seventeen years later as the defendant in the Roe v. Wade abortion case. Alger polled 102,380 (55.6 percent) to Wade's 81,705 (44.4 percent). In 1958, a heavily Democratic year nationally, Alger defeated Barefoot Sanders, 62,722 (52.6 percent) to 56,566 (47.4 percent). Sanders was later appointed a U.S. District Judge by President Johnson and was in 1972 the unsuccessful Democratic nominee against Senator Tower.
Alger's opposition to "big government" in time worked against him politically. In 1962, he won his last term in the House with 89,938 votes (56.3 percent) to Democrat Bill Jones' 69,813 (43.7 percent). Alger was unseated in the 1964 general election by the former mayor of Dallas, Democrat Earle Cabell. Alger polled 127,568 ballots (only 42.5 percent), a considerable number of votes in a House election. Yet, turnout was so much higher in 1964 than in 1962 that Alger lost even though he polled nearly 40,000 more votes in the latter year than in the former. Cabell prevailed with 172,287 (57.5 percent). Alger's defeat can be attributed to:
- The slowly increasing liberalism of Dallas voters, who also purged the entire six-member Republican state legislative delegation from Dallas County,
- The political climate that stemmed from the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas,
- The Democratic tradition of Texas,
- The presence of a native Texan, President Johnson, on the ballot, and
- The weak opposition candidacy of Alger's preferred presidential choice, Republican Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona.
In a 1971 interview with the historian Joe B. Frantz of the University of Texas, John Tower discussed his relationship with Alger, noting that Tower would have deferred to Alger in the 1961 special U.S. Senate election had Alger wanted to run:
"Bruce and I got along very well together. Bruce is a very inflexible man and a suspicious man. He questioned the intellectual honesty of men like Mr. Rayburn and Lyndon Johnson, and so he just didn't make any friends. I have never yet publicly said one disparaging word about a fellow member of the Texas delegation, and don't intend to, although some of them have been inclined to say things about me publicly from time to time. I won't respond."
Return to private life
After a decade in Congress, Alger resumed working as a real estate broker. He formed Bruce Alger, Real Estate in 1973. The company had offices in Dallas' One North Park building. He moved for a time to Florida but returned to Dallas in 1976. Alger resided in Carrollton, which is located in three Dallas-area counties. He remained out of the political limelight except for a few occasional public appearances. Alger's congressional papers are located in the archives section of the Dallas Public Library.
Alger was divorced in 1961 from Lucille "Lynn" Antoine, who said that politics caused an estrangement in the marriage to point that they had little in common except for a liking for gin rummy. The couple had three children, Jill Alger of The Villages in Sumter County in central Florida, and sons David and Steven, who died in 1964 and 2012, respectively. Alger's second wife, the former Priscilla Jones, also died in 2012, after thirty-six years of marriage. He had two step-children in Massachusetts, Robert Jones of Amherst and Laura Jones of Chatham. Alger had seven grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. Alger retired in 1990 and spent ten years with his wife Priscilla traveling around the United States in a recreational vehicle. The couple settled in 2000 in Barefoot Bay in Brevard County near Melbourne on the central section of the Atlantic Coast of Florida.
- Russell A. Alger papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan.
- Russell A. Alger papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan.
- Schuddel, Matt (April 25, 2015). "Bruce Alger, firebrand Republican congressman from Texas, dies at 96". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- Jack Crichton, The Republican-Democrat Political Campaigns in Texas in 1964, self-published, 2004, p. 11, ISBN 1-4184-2574-5 (paperback)
- Anthony Champagne, University of Texas at Dallas, "Sam Rayburn", West Texas Historical Association, annual meeting in Fort Worth, February 26, 2010.
- Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections, Vol. 2, U.S. House, 6th ed., Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, p. 1255
- Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections, Vol. 2, p. 1260
- "Lyndon Baines Johnson Library Oral History Collection, 1971" (PDF). lbjlib.utexas.edu. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
- "Alger Forms Own Realty Company". The Dallas Morning News. September 23, 1973. Retrieved 2016-11-17 – via NewsBank.com.
- Bruce Alger Collection at the Dallas Public Library
- United States Congress. "Bruce Alger (id: A000106)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- David S. Broder - Stoking Rage Over Health Reform Could Prove Dangerous for Republicans (Washington Post, August 12, 2009)
|United States House of Representatives|
Joseph Franklin Wilson
|United States Representative for the 5th Congressional District of Texas
Bruce Reynolds Alger