Brumovice (Opava District)

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Brumovice
Municipality
Church in Brumovice-Úblo
Church in Brumovice-Úblo
Coat of arms of Brumovice
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Opava
Website www.brumovice-op.cz

Brumovice (German: Braunsdorf) is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 1,400 inhabitants and lies 16 km from Opava. The village was first mentioned in a written document in 1377.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Brumovice municipality was the site of one of the first Polenlager camps in existence, possibly the first ever. It was set up by Nazi Germany in August 1939 in anticipation of the imminent attack on Poland. The KT camp was staffed before the actual invasion, with guards recruited by the SS from Krnov and Opava.[1]

The camp, called KZ Skrochowitz (German for Skrochovice municipal district) was commanded by Heinrich Jöckel from the SS. It was an old sugar refinery set up for Polish military prisoners and civilian hostages captured during the September campaign. The camp functioned until December 15, 1939, with some 700 prisoners of Polish nationality brought in from Cieszyn Silesia and Upper Silesia.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The Municipality of Brumovice includes the following subdivisions ("parts of municipality"):

  • Brumovice (German Braunsdorf)
  • Kolná (German Jagdhase)
  • Pocheň (German Pochmühl)
  • Pustý Mlýn (German Wüstemühle)
  • Skrochovice (formerly Škrochovice; German Skrochowitz)
  • Úblo (German Aubeln)

Cadastral communities[edit]

  • Brumovice u Opavy
  • Skrochovice
  • Úblo

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Před šedesáti pěti lety začala druhá světová válka (Sixty five years ago began World War II)". KZ Skrochowitz. Bruntal.net. 2006. Archived from the original on May 23, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 

References[edit]

Coordinates: 50°1′12″N 17°43′39″E / 50.02000°N 17.72750°E / 50.02000; 17.72750