Butlins Bognor Regis
|Butlins Bognor Regis|
|Location||Bognor Regis, West Sussex, UK|
|Subsequent Name Changes||Butlin's Bognor (1960–1987)
Southwest World (1987–1999)
Butlins Bognor Regis Resort (since 1999)
|Holiday Camp chain||Butlins|
|Opening date||2 July 1960|
|Restaurants||8 + 3 cafes|
|Other Facilities||Amusement park, swimming pool|
|Total site area||60 acres (0.24 km2)|
Butlins Bognor Regis (officially Butlins Resort Bognor Regis), formerly Butlin's Bognor Regis or Southcoast World, is a holiday camp located in the seaside resort of Bognor Regis, West Sussex, England. It lies 55.5 miles (89 km) south southwest of London. Butlin's presence in the town began in 1932 with the opening of an amusement park; their operation soon expanded to take in a zoo as well. In 1960, Billy Butlin opened his first post-war mainland holiday camp, moving both the amusement park and zoo into the new camp. The camp survived a series of cuts in the early 1980s, attracting further investment and again in the late 1990s when it was retained as one of only three camps still bearing the Butlin name. The camp has since seen a raft of new construction as the company moves from chalet towards hotel-based accommodation.
In 1914, Billy Butlin was living in Toronto with his mother and stepfather, when he left school and went to work for Eatons department store. One of the best aspects of working for the company was that he was able to visit their summer camp, which gave him his first taste of a real holiday, indeed a taste of what was to become a very big part of his life.[web 1]
The onset of World War I led to his leaving Eatons and enlisting in the Canadian Expeditionary Force serving in Europe, but seeing little if any action.[notes 1] After the war, Butlin made his way back to England, where he used his last £5 (2011:£189.00) to purchase a stall in his uncle Marshall Hill's travelling fair.[news 1]
As a showman, Butlin quickly became successful, one stall became several, and several became his own travelling fair.[news 1][notes 2] Butlin soon had fixed sites as well as his travelling fair – the first was Olympia in London outside Bertram Mills' Circus. In 1925, he opened a set of Stalls in Barry Island, Wales, where he observed the way landladies in seaside resorts would (sometimes literally) push families out of the lodgings between meals, and began to nurture the idea of a holiday camp similar to that he had attended whilst an employee at Eatons.[web 1]
In 1927, Butlin leased a piece of land from the Earl of Scarbrough by the seaside town of Skegness, where he set up an amusement park with hoopla stalls, a tower slide, a haunted house ride, and an atmospheric railway.[notes 3][web 2]
Butlin's in Bognor
In 1932, Butlin saw an opportunity to create a similar amusement park in Bognor Regis to the one he had in Skegness. Butlin purchased land on the corner of Lennox Street and the Esplanade, which had previously been the Olympian Gardens.[news 2] Butlin constructed his amusement park on the land and called it "Butlin's Recreation Shelter".[web 3] In 1928, Butlin had secured an exclusive license to sell Dodgem cars in Europe,[notes 4] and these were one of the first attractions in the shelter along with one-armed bandits.[web 3] The shelter was a popular venue with the local press of the time reporting that patrons could "meet the elite" there.[news 3]
The following year, Butlin opened a zoo on the seafront. It opened on 5 July and contained brown, black and polar bears, hyenas, leopards, pelicans, kangaroos, and monkeys.[news 2] The zoo had a snake pit as its star attraction where Togo the snake king would regularly give shows. The site also [news 4] For some time, the park in Bognor was run by Butlin's mother Bertha Butlin though she later left to run his park on Hayling Island. [notes 5]
During World War II, the park at Bognor was a cause for concern for Butlin. The park had always had a shooting range and during the late 1930s the targets were replaced with images of Hitler, Göring, Goebbels, and Ribbentrop. After the Battle of Dunkirk, Butlin became concerned that should the Germans invade the south coast, the first thing they might see was the gallery, making Butlin into a target.[notes 6] At the time, Hitler was himself seeking to emulate and supersede Butlin with an aim to make the Nazi party into the largest holiday company in the world. The plan would have seen a series of holiday camps based on Butlin's camp at Skegness, throughout the third reich - however only the Prora camp, on the island of Rügen, was completed.[news 5]
Butlin's Holiday Camp
In late 1959, Butlin was looking to open another camp in the town and reached a deal with Bognor Regis town council to purchase a 39-acre (16 ha) site at the east end of the promenade. The agreement was met with local opposition (as some of his previous camps had), so Butlin ran an advert in the local press advising that he would remove his "unsightly" fun fairs from the middle of promenade, if he was allowed to move them to his new site. Further to this, he commented that he would be willing to spend more on advertising the town than any of the local hoteliers had.[news 2][news 6]
Many local residents disliked the new camp, despite Butlin having created some 500 local jobs during the construction period. There were complaints that the site bore a resemblance to a prison, and that the town would have been better off if the site had been used for new housing.[news 3] During construction, one of the works that was required was the straightening of a stream known as the Aldingbourne Rife which formed a U shape onto the proposed site.[notes 7] However, due to a particularly wet winter, the river burst its banks and flooded the site, leaving it deep in mud. As well as the poor underfoot conditions, Butlin developed gout, which hindered his mobility.[notes 8] Those who worked on the site recalled vehicles becoming stuck due to the conditions, and mattresses in their plastic wrappings being used to form walkways throughout the camp.[news 3]
On 2 July 1960, Billy Butlin opened his new holiday camp at Bognor. The cost of construction was £2.5 million and due to the flooding the camp was not ready on its opening date. Butlin offered his patrons the chance to be re-sited at the Clacton camp instead; however, a number of guests opted to stay and help; those who did received a free bottle of Champagne as a reward. Once opened, the camp became popular, accommodating around 5,000 campers and another 5,000 day visitors.[web 4]
At its peak, the camp saw 6,000 guests moving in every Saturday whilst the last 6,000 left the same day. The camp had 1,300 staff to look after the needs of the guests, including the famous Redcoats.[notes 9] When the camp opened, all guests were catered on either full or half board basis; however, in 1968 Butlin handed running of the company to his son Bobby Butlin, who introduced self-catering accommodation as a means to reduce labour costs.[notes 10]
Butlin's Bognor was refurbished through the 1980s. In 1987, the camp was renamed Southcoast World following a £16.5 million spend on new and updated accommodation, the addition of a new indoor water complex and a new miniature steam railway.[web 4]
In 1998, as one of Butlin's three remaining locations, Bognor again underwent major refurbishment. The Southcoast World identity was dropped, and £45 million was invested in redevelopment. A Skyline Pavilion was added to the resort, providing a huge undercover area for year-round, weather-protected facilities. The Skyline Pavilion contained new shops, bars, restaurants and entertainment areas. The refurbishment also included further updates to the chalet accommodation, a redesign for the Redcoat uniform and the provision of a resort police constable to improve security. The camp was relaunched by pop star Ronan Keating in May 1999.[web 4] At the same time, the company dropped its use of the possessive apostrophe, changing from Butlin's to Butlins;[news 7] after the refurbishment, the resort was renamed as Butlins Resort Bognor Regis, as it remains to date.[notes 11]
Butlins Resort Bognor Regis
Today the resort caters for over 385,000 visitors per year with 300,000 being resident and 85,000 visiting for the day.[web 5] The resort is one of the largest employers in the Bognor Regis area,[news 3] and currently employs 850 staff each year, 35 of which make up the Redcoat team.[web 5]
Over the years, many of the attractions have been removed.[web 6] However the resort still retains a swimming pool and funfair. Today it provides a range of activities such as rock climbing, fencing, and archery. It also provides a wide range of entertainment, aided by the formation of strategic partnerships with popular brands, including The X Factor, Britain's Got Talent, Thomas & Friends, Brainiac: Science Abuse, Guinness World Records, Bob the Builder, Pingu and Angelina Ballerina.[web 5]
The site is now 60 acres in size, and has been at the forefront of a move towards hotel accommodation by the company. Including the hotels, the camp has 4,800 beds available.[web 5]
In 2005, further work was undertaken to update the resort with the introduction of the Shoreline Hotel. £10 million was spent on the hotel and its surrounding landscaped gardens. With big porthole windows, and a ship-like prow, the four-floor hotel was designed with a slightly nautical feel. The hotel provides 160 rooms of three different grades, each including hi-tech equipment and luxurious furniture. Guests staying at the hotel can enjoy the sea views, room service, modern bistro restaurant and cocktail bar, in addition to the regular Butlin's facilities. The success of the Shoreline saw another hotel opening in the autumn of 2009. Costing £20 million to construct, the hotel was named the Ocean Hotel. In July 2012, Butlins' latest hotel opened; named the Wave Hotel, it is the first Butlins' hotel to feature self-catering apartments. A further three hotels are being planned as part of Bognor Regis Regeneration.[web 4][news 8][news 9][news 10]
In 1963, the camp was the setting for the film The Beauty Jungle starring Janette Scott and Ian Hendry. The film was produced by the Rank Organisation,[notes 12] who would go on to own Butlin's Ltd itself from 1972 till 2000.[notes 13]
Musical acts to have played at Bognor include The Hollies, The Four Tops, Billy Ocean, Edwin Starr, The Osmonds and Fats Domino as well as recent acts such as Atomic Kitten, Mis-Teeq, and Peter Andre.[web 5]
- Peter Dacre (1982). The Billy Butlin Story. Robson Books. ISBN 0-86051-864-7. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Diss, Dave (2006). Creatures of our time, in a land fit for heroes. Dave Diss. ISBN 0-646-46721-2. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Löfgren, Orvar (2002). On holiday: a history of vacationing. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23464-2. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Prideaux, Bruce (2009). Resort Destinations: Evolution, Management and Development. Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-5753-7. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- Salzman, Louis Francis; Hudson, T. P. (1997). The Victoria history of the county of Sussex. 5, Part 1. A. Constable. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- Scott, Peter (February 2001). A History of the Butlin's Railways. Peter Scott. p. 6. ISBN 1-902368-09-6. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. (31 March 1960 (Last Updated:4 July 2008.)). "Billy Butlin, holiday camp man.". The CBC Digital Archives Website. Retrieved 26 April 2011. Check date values in:
- "Bygone Butlins website". Skegness. BygoneButlins.com. 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
- "Butlins". Bognor Local History Articles. http://www.bognor-local-history.co.uk. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- "Butlins Memories". Butlins Memories. butlinsmemories.com/bognor. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
- "Butlins Student Pack". Butlins. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- "Skegness over the years". Butlins Memories. butlinsmemories.com. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
News and journals
- "HOOP-LA BOY Now Juggles Millions". The Sunday Herald (Sydney, NSW. 17 August 1952. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Oh, we do like to be beside the seaside". Bognor Regis Observer. 9 July 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Endacott, Sylvia (27 July 2007). "Butlin's... the name that's synonymous with Bognor". Bognor Regis Observer. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- 75 Years of Butlins, Sussex Life, 30 March 2011, retrieved 8 June 2011
- Hall, Alan (28 April 2011). "Mein summer camp: How Hitler wanted Nazis to become world's largest tour operator with Butlins-style holiday resorts". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Trimingham, Adam (16 April 2011). "Happy campers". The Argus. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- Hartston, William (10 September 1997). "Pedantry". The Independent. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Geoghegan, Tom (17 August 2005). "No place like holidaying at home". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
- "A Third Butlin's Hotel is planned". Bognor Regis Observer. 29 April, 2009Wednesday 29 April 2009. Check date values in:
- Arthurs, Deborah (2 July 2012). "Butlins unveil £25m high-tech 'tween' hotel that is the size of a cruise ship - complete with iMacs, PS3s and 3D walls". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
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