|Black titi range|
Callicebus lugens Humboldt, 1811
The black titi, Cheracebus lugens, is a species of titi, a type of New World monkey, from South America. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. It was described in 1811 as Calicebus lugens.
Some vocalizations of black titi are listed here:
- Morning duet – the most commonly heard vocalization of the pair, singing in duet, complex and utilized to defend territory; it is interchanged with neighboring groups as counter-singing
- Danger peep – various soft, high-pitched peeps but sometimes low intensity, advising of danger; very difficult to localize
- Purr – sounds very much like a cat's purr; used by all members of the group to show contentment, affection or request for food, grooming or contact; (4) rough growl – given by young animals when complaining of rain or when greeting adults
- Sharp scream – when fighting to express extra disgust
- Play growl – low, gargling growl used in play and changing in tone, terminating in interrogative tone
- Soft whine – especially young animals but also adults when requesting something of another such as food or while grooming another
- Bark – loud, sharp and sudden bark when molested by the unwelcome close presence of other larger primates such as Lagothrix, Cebus, Ateles or raptors.
- Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Cheracebus lugens". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T41563A10499347. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T41563A10499347.en. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
- Defler, T. R. 2003. Primates de Colombia. Conservation International, Bogota.
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