Black titi

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Black titi
Callicebus lugens.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Pitheciidae
Genus: Cheracebus
C. lugens
Binomial name
Cheracebus lugens
(Humboldt, 1811)
Black Titi area.png
Black titi range

Callicebus lugens Humboldt, 1811

The black titi, Cheracebus lugens, is a species of titi, a type of New World monkey, from South America. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. It was described in 1811 as Calicebus lugens.[2]


Some vocalizations of black titi are listed here:[3]

  1. Morning duet – the most commonly heard vocalization of the pair, singing in duet, complex and utilized to defend territory; it is interchanged with neighboring groups as counter-singing
  2. Danger peep – various soft, high-pitched peeps but sometimes low intensity, advising of danger; very difficult to localize
  3. Purr – sounds very much like a cat's purr; used by all members of the group to show contentment, affection or request for food, grooming or contact; (4) rough growl – given by young animals when complaining of rain or when greeting adults
  4. Sharp scream – when fighting to express extra disgust
  5. Play growl – low, gargling growl used in play and changing in tone, terminating in interrogative tone
  6. Soft whine – especially young animals but also adults when requesting something of another such as food or while grooming another
  7. Bark – loud, sharp and sudden bark when molested by the unwelcome close presence of other larger primates such as Lagothrix, Cebus, Ateles or raptors.


  1. ^ Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Cheracebus lugens". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T41563A10499347. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T41563A10499347.en. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  2. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Defler, T. R. 2003. Primates de Colombia. Conservation International, Bogota.