|Genre||Stop motion animation|
|Written by||Gordon Murray|
|Narrated by||Brian Cant|
|Theme music composer||Freddie Phillips|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||1|
|No. of episodes||13|
|Running time||15 mins|
|First shown in||1966|
|Original release||3 January – 28 March 1966|
Camberwick Green is a British children's television series that ran from January to March 1966 on BBC1, featuring stop motion puppets. Camberwick Green is the first in the Trumptonshire trilogy, which also includes Trumpton and Chigley.
The series was written and produced by Gordon Murray and animated by Bob Bura, John Hardwick and Pasquale Ferrari. Music was by Freddie Phillips while narration and song vocals were provided by Brian Cant. There are thirteen fifteen minute colour episodes produced by Gordon Murray Pictures. The inspiration for the name is believed to have stemmed from the East Sussex village of Wivelsfield Green, supported by the nearby villages of Plumpton (Trumpton) and Chailey (Chigley).
Each episode begins with a shot of a musical box which rotates while playing a tune. It is accompanied by the following narration:
Here is a box, a musical box, wound up and ready to play. But this box can hide a secret inside. Can you guess what is in it today?
Then the lid, a hexagon constructed of six triangles in alternating colours, slowly opens up like an iris, or in the manner of a camera shutter, while the box smoothly revolves to the accompaniment of an exquisite Baroque minuet. An hexagonal platform bearing the motionless figure of the puppet character which will play a central role in today's episode, slowly rises into position: the platform flush with the shifted triangular cover-tiles, which are now splayed open like the stiff petals of a flower; as the music-box comes to a halt with an audible click. After a brief introduction, the background appears and the story begins.
The series is set in the small, picturesque (and fictitious) village of Camberwick Green, Trumptonshire, which is inhabited by such characters as Police Constable McGarry (Number 452), and the iconic Windy Miller, owner of a clanking old – but nevertheless efficiently functional – windmill and a firm believer in old fashioned farming methods.
The series mixes contemporary technology with Edwardian costume and social attitudes. Almost all the characters have their own theme songs and travelling songs. There are other characters who never appear in the stories, including Mr Honeyman who (according to Peter Hazell's song) "keeps the chemist shop", and an unnamed clown or pierrot, who turns a roller caption to display the show's opening and closing credits.
Each week the villagers undergo such domestic crises as a shortage of flour, a swarm of bees, a water shortage and rumours of an unwanted electrical substation being built in the village, but all such crises are cheerfully resolved by the end of every episode. Each episode then concludes as the narrator bids farewell to the puppet character who was seen at the beginning, and the latter disappears back into the musical box.
Camberwick Green has no overt fantasy content apart from the musical box. For the most part, it is simply about ordinary people doing everyday things, and perhaps for that reason it remains popular. Along with its two successors, the series was repeated many times on the BBC until 1985, and then on Channel 4 from 1994 to 2000.
- "Peter the Postman" (3 January 1966)
- "Windy Miller" (10 January 1966)
- "Mr Crockett the Garage Man" (17 January 1966)
- "Dr Mopp" (24 January 1966)
- "Farmer Jonathan Bell" (31 January 1966)
- "Captain Snort" (7 February 1966)
- "Paddy Murphy" (14 February 1966)
- "Roger Varley the Sweep" (21 February 1966)
- "PC McGarry" (28 February 1966)
- "Mr Dagenham the Salesman" (7 March 1966)
- "Mr Carraway the Fishmonger" (14 March 1966)
- "Mickey Murphy the Baker" (21 March 1966)
- "Mrs Honeyman and Her Baby" (28 March 1966)
Episode titles were given in Radio Times, but were not shown on screen.
The staff and soldier boys of Pippin Fort are a regular feature of Camberwick Green, demonstrating their foot drill, working in the community, responding to emergencies, and (at a stage before Trumpton in the time-line) providing the local fire-fighting capability with their bright red mobile fire pump.
- Captain Snort - the commanding officer; appears in every episode.
- Sergeant Major Grout - the second-in-command at the fort; appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- Private Armitage - the strongest swimmer, later revealed (in Chigley) to be a frogman; appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- Private Featherby - appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- Private Higgins - the smartest soldier boy, who has a military career ahead; appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- Private Hopwood - appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- Private Lumley - has poor drill and can't tell his left from his right; not a natural soldier, he discovers an aptitude for baking, and is apprenticed to Mickey Murphy; appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- Private Meek - sometimes in trouble for daydreaming, he proves adept at babysitting Baby Honeyman - appears in 12 out of 13 episodes.
- The Sentry - a regular character, also the fort's Bugler, who has dialogue and plotlines, but is never named; appears in 11 out of 13 episodes.
- Mr 'Windy' Miller - an iconic character, who keeps Colley's Mill, rides a tricycle, and values tradition; he appears in every episode.
- Dr Mopp - the village doctor, who wears a top hat and drives a vintage motor car; he appears in 12 episodes.
- Mr Carraway - the fishmonger; he appears in 12 episodes.
- Mrs Dingle - the postmistress, invariably accompanied by her puppy dog 'Packet'; she appears in every episode.
- Mr Mickey Murphy - the village baker; he appears in every episode.
- Mrs Murphy - the baker's wife; she appears in 8 episodes.
- Paddy Murphy - the baker's son; he appears in 9 episodes.
- Mary Murphy - the baker's daughter; she appears in 9 episodes.
- Police Constable McGarry - Camberwick Green's policeman, known as "PC McGarry, number 452" from his theme song; he appears in 6 episodes.
- Farmer Jonathan Bell - operator of a "modern mechanical farm", and a promoter of technology; he appears in 11 episodes; also makes guest appearances in Trumpton.
- Mr Peter Hazel - the village postman; he appears in 10 episodes.
- Mrs Honeyman - a housewife who is the main vehicle of village gossip; she appears in every episode; also makes minor background appearances in Trumpton.
- Baby Honeyman - Mrs Honeyman's baby boy; he appears in every episode.
- Mr Thomas Tripp - the milkman and proprietor of Tripp's Dairy; he appears in 5 episodes; also appears in Trumpton and in Chigley.
- Mr Roger Varley - the chimney sweep; he appears in 9 episodes; also makes guest appearances in Trumpton.
- Mr Crockett - the proprietor of Crockett's Garage; he appears in 5 episodes, and is mentioned in 2 others; also makes guest appearances in Trumpton.
- Mr Dagenham - the salesman who drives a flash red sports car, and is said to be able to sell anything; he appears in only 1 episode (but is the star of that episode), and is mentioned in 1 other.
- Water Board Foreman - he is not named, and appears only in the final episode, supervising the engineers.
- Water Board Engineer - although never named, he has a key role in episodes 8 and 13, and appears in 4 episodes in total.
- Water Board Assistant Engineer - the unnamed Water Board Engineer has a similarly unnamed assistant in episodes 8 and 13; he appears only in those 2 episodes.
- Mr Honeyman - the village chemist; despite being referenced (particularly in episodes 1 and 6) he is never seen.
- Mrs Bell - the farmer's wife; she is mentioned, but not seen.
- The Farmhands - references are made to the farmhands on Farmer Bell's farm, but they are never seen.
- Mrs Mopp - the doctor's wife; she is mentioned, but not seen.
- Mrs Varley - the sweep's wife; despite appearing in several of Mrs Honeyman's stories, she is never seen.
- Mrs Varley's mother - the sweep's mother-in-law is also said to be local; she is never seen.
- Mrs McGarry - the policeman's wife; she is mentioned, but not seen.
- Dr Mopp's nephews - the boys are mentioned, but not seen.
- Tom Ranger - a boy from the village, who suffered a minor accident; he is never seen.
- Mr Crockett's son - there is no mention of the boy in Camberwick Green, but he is seen in the following series Trumpton.
- Pierrot - the classic Commedia dell'arte character appears in the opening and closing credits of every episode. In contrast to the music box, his theme is a light piece (such as a saltarello) played on Spanish guitar.
The 1970s pop band Candlewick Green shares its name with the originally planned title of the series. (Murray had planned to name the show "Candlewick Green" but found that the person writing his contract had misheard and mangled the name; as he did not object to the new name, Murray went forth with the show under the mangled title.)
Camberwick Green was spoofed for a 1988 edition of Spitting Image, as "Gamberwick Greenbelt". The ninety second sketch had a puppet Nicholas Ridley, described as "Old Nicky Ridley, the village idiot", aboard a bulldozer who then proceeded to demolish the whole village for redevelopment. In 2015, Private Eye resurrected the spoof as the "Camberwick Greenbelt" strip cartoon, offering satirical comment on social and political impacts on the British countryside.
The character Windy Miller and his famous windmill appeared in September 2005 along with some other Camberwick Green characters in commercials for Quaker Oats on television in the United Kingdom. The puppets and setting are all re creations, because Murray destroyed the originals in the 1970s. The original narrator, Brian Cant, auditioned to do the voice over for the commercials, before the job was instead given to Charlie Higson.
Episode five of the second series of the BBC's Life on Mars features a recreation of the opening of Camberwick Green, with a puppet of the show's main character, Sam Tyler (John Simm), emerging from the musical box and despairing over his colleague, Gene Hunt (Philip Glenister), who can be seen in puppet form "kicking in a nonce" at the end. This later leads to Sam to threaten Hunt, telling him to "Stay out of Camberwick Green!" (a cross-reference to the popular and long-running police TV series Dixon of Dock Green). It emerges that Sam is tripping after being accidentally overdosed in his hospital bed.
Again, the voice over was not supplied by Brian Cant, but is delivered in a similar style. It differs from the original by saying: "This is a box, a magical box, playing a magical tune. But inside this box there lies a surprise. Do you know who's in it today?"
The narration was provided by Brian Little, the co-founder of Hot Animation, the company that created the sequence. His recording was supposed to be a temporary guide track to help the animators time the shots, but the producers of Life on Mars were content to retain it for the final version. The one-minute sequence was designed and animated by Paul Couvela, the supervising animator of Bob the Builder.
Restoration and commercial releases
The original masters of Camberwick Green – along with those of its sequels Trumpton and Chigley – were believed to have been lost, with most surviving copies tending to suffer from scratched, wobbly or grainy picture quality and a muffled soundtrack.
However, when boxes of some original film were discovered in Gordon Murray's attic – with more footage then discovered by the BBC – the trilogy was restored and remastered for a Blu-ray release in 2011.
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In 1984, eighteen years later after the broadcasts on BBC in 1966. Longman Video released the first four episodes, as part of its Children's Treasury Collection.
|VHS video title||Year of release||Episodes|
|Camberwick Green (SLL 5024)||1984||Peter Hazel The Postman, Windy Miller, Mr Crockett, Dr Mopp.|
Later, in 1989, the BBC released a video with the last three episodes (including E12 Mickey Murphy the Baker as the first episode, E11 Mr Carraway as the second episode and E13 Mrs Honeyman and her Baby as the last episode).
|VHS video title||Year of release||Episodes|
|Camberwick Green 1: Mickey Murphy the Baker (BBCV 4231)||10 April 1989||Mickey Murphy the Baker, Mr Carraway, Mrs Honeyman and her Baby .|
Then, in 1996–1997 Telstar Home Entertainnment, as part of its Star Kids range released three videos.
|VHS video title||Year of release||Episodes|
|A Busy Day in Camberwick Green (TVE 3011)||1996||Peter Hazel the Postman, Windy Miller, Mr Crockett, Dr Mopp.|
|It's Fun to Work in Camberwick Green (TVE 3018)||1997||Mickey Murphy the Baker, Mrs Honeyman and her Baby, PC McGarry, Mr Carraway|
|Meet Your Friends in Camberwick Green (TVE 3022)||1997||Jonathan Bell, Paddy Murphy, Captain Snort, Roger Varley the Sweep|
DVD and Blu ray
- Music: Freddie Phillips
- Narrator: Brian Cant
- Sets: Margaret Brownfoot and Andrew Brownfoot
- Animation: Bob Bura & John Hardwick
- Puppets: Gordon Murray
- Produced by Gordon Murray Puppets Ltd 1966.
References and notes
- The A-Z of Classic Children's Television, Simon Sheridan, 2004
- Life on Mars: The Complete Series Two DVD – "Behind the Scenes of Episode 5"
- "Decoding the Politics in Radiohead's "Burn the Witch" Video | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
- "New, new Barney McGrew: Trumpton and Camberwick Green cleaned up", guardian.co.uk, 13 January 2012
- "BBC Studio and Post Production | Creator of much-loved Camberwick Green, Trumpton and Chigley sees 1960s children's TV trilogy preserved for future generations". Bbcstudiosandpostproduction.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- "December 2011: BBC Studios and Post Production digitally restores all 39 episodes of the first children's animated colour television series" (PDF). BBC Studios and Post Production. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2015-09-20.