Cane Creek Friends Meeting

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Cane Creek Friends Meeting
Location of Cane Creek Friends Meeting in North Carolina, USA
Location of Cane Creek Friends Meeting in North Carolina, USA
Cane Creek Friends Meeting
Location of Cane Creek Meeting
Location of Cane Creek Friends Meeting in North Carolina, USA
Location of Cane Creek Friends Meeting in North Carolina, USA
Cane Creek Friends Meeting
Cane Creek Friends Meeting (the United States)
35°53′22″N 79°26′44″W / 35.88944°N 79.44556°W / 35.88944; -79.44556[1]
LocationSnow Camp, Alamance County, North Carolina
CountryUnited States
Founded1751 (1751)[2]
DedicatedOctober 6, 1942[3]: 49
  • 1764, Land donated for second meeting house[3]: 45 
  • 1781, Occupation by British troops[3]: 67
  • 1786, Repairs to second meeting house
  • 1879, Fire destroyed third meeting house
  • 1880, Fourth meeting house completed
  • 1942, Fire destroyed fourth meeting house
  • 1984, Fire damaged fifth meeting house[3]: 45–52
Functional statusActive
Years built1942[3]: 49
Construction cost$30,000–35,000[3]: 50
MaterialsBrick[3]: 49
Minister(s)Marcus Wall[2]

The Cane Creek Friends Meeting, founded in 1751,[2] is considered the first established Quaker community in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. The site was occupied by British troops during the American Revolutionary War.


Simon Dixon, a Quaker who migrated from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, came to the Cane Creek area and what is now known as Snow Camp, North Carolina during the late 1740s.[3]: 15 By 1751, as many as thirty other Quaker families had migrated to Snow Camp.[3]: 14 During 1751, Quaker Minister Abigail Pike and Rachel Wright traveled to Perquimans County, North Carolina to attend the Quarterly Meeting at Little River, in hopes of gaining permission to establish a new monthly meeting in Cane Creek.[3]: 17 Permission was granted and the first Monthly Meeting was held on October 7, 1751.[3]: 18–19

Quaker Minister Abigail Pike at the Cane Creek Meeting Place, NC in 1751

Certificates were issued to fifteen founding members on that date.[3]: 18–19 By the following year, the Meeting had issued sixty-eight certificates.[3]: 19 There have been five physical structures which have housed the Monthly Meeting; four of those, including the present day Cane Creek Meeting House, have stood on land donated by William Marshall and his wife Rebecca Dixon in 1764.[3]: 45–49 The Cane Creek Monthly Meeting is often referred to as the "Mother of Meetings" because it gave rise to a number of other Monthly Meetings in the region.[3]: 31

The Meeting House operated a school named the Sylvan Grove Academy between 1866 and 1903. The current Sylvan Elementary school in Snow Camp reflects its heritage.[3]: 108–112

Revolutionary War[edit]

During the Revolutionary War the community of Snow Camp, North Carolina was briefly occupied following the Battle of Guilford Courthouse by General Charles Cornwallis and his troops, among others. During that time, the home and mill of Simon Dixon were seized for use as Cornwallis' headquarters. They slaughtered the livestock of the local farmers and used the Meeting House benches as their butcher blocks.[3]: 66–67[4]: 73–74 A historical drama of these events is portrayed in a theater performance called, Sword of Peace by the Snow Camp Outdoor Theater.[3]: 138–141[5][page needed]

Notable members[edit]

Herman Husband, a leader during the War of the Regulation, was a member of the Cane Creek Meeting from 1762 to 1764.[4]: 47 He was disowned from the community following his expression of dissatisfaction over the dismissal of another member.[6][page needed]

Thomas Jefferson Hadley, a captain during the Revolutionary War, his father Joshua Hadley, and grandfather Simon Hadley were Quakers from Ireland, and had joined the Cane Creek group upon arriving. Thomas was disowned due to participation in the war.[7]


  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cane Creek Church. Accessed 2017-09-14.
  2. ^ a b c "Home". Cane Creek Friends Meeting. Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Teague, Bobbie T. (1995). Cane Creek, Mother of Meetings. Greensboro, NC: North Carolina Friends Historical Society, North Carolina Yearly Meeting of Friends. ISBN 978-0-942727-25-8. OCLC 35292212 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ a b Whitaker, Walter (1974) [1949]. Centennial History of Alamance County. Burlington, NC: Alamance County Historical Association. OCLC 957374080 – via Internet Archive.
  5. ^ Hinshaw, Seth B.; Hinshaw, Mary Edith, eds. (1972). Carolina Quakers: Our Heritage, Our Hope. Greensboro, NC: North Carolina Yearly Meeting. OCLC 410055.
  6. ^ Powell, William Stevens, ed. (1988). Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. Vol. 3. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-1806-0. OCLC 498498580.
  7. ^ Wheeler, John Hill (1851). Historical Sketches of North Carolina from 1584 to 1851: Compiled from Original Records, Official Documents, and Traditional Statements : with Biographical Sketches of Her Distinguished Statesmen, Jurists, Lawyers, Soldiers, Divines, Etc. Lippincott, Grambo and Company.

External links[edit]