Capsella (plant)

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Capsella bursa-pastoris.JPG
Shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
Scientific classification


See text.

Capsella is a genus of herbaceous plant and biennial plants in the mustard family Brassicaceae.[1] It is a close relative of Arabidopsis, Neslia, and Halimolobos.[2]

Some recent authors circumscribe Capsella to contain only three species: Capsella bursa-pastoris, Capsella rubella and Capsella grandiflora.[2]

Capsella rubella is a self-fertilizing species that became self-compatible 50,000 to 100,000 years ago. Its outcrossing progenitor was Capsella grandiflora. In general, the shift from outcrossing to self-fertilization is among the most common transitions in flowering plants. Capsella rubella is studied as a model for understanding the evolution of self-fertilization.[3][4]



  1. ^ "19. Capsella Medikus". Flora of China.
  2. ^ a b Slotte, T.; Ceplitis, A.; Neuffer, B.; Hurka, H.; Lascoux, M. (2006). "Intrageneric phylogeny of Capsella (Brassicaceae) and the origin of the tetraploid C. bursa-pastoris based on chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences". American Journal of Botany. 93 (11): 1714–1724. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.11.1714. PMID 21642116.
  3. ^ Brandvain Y, Slotte T, Hazzouri KM, Wright SI, Coop G (2013). "Genomic identification of founding haplotypes reveals the history of the selfing species Capsella rubella". PLoS Genet. 9 (9): e1003754. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003754. PMC 3772084. PMID 24068948.
  4. ^ Slotte T, Hazzouri KM, Ågren JA, Koenig D, Maumus F, Guo YL, Steige K, Platts AE, Escobar JS, Newman LK, Wang W, Mandáková T, Vello E, Smith LM, Henz SR, Steffen J, Takuno S, Brandvain Y, Coop G, Andolfatto P, Hu TT, Blanchette M, Clark RM, Quesneville H, Nordborg M, Gaut BS, Lysak MA, Jenkins J, Grimwood J, Chapman J, Prochnik S, Shu S, Rokhsar D, Schmutz J, Weigel D, Wright SI (July 2013). "The Capsella rubella genome and the genomic consequences of rapid mating system evolution". Nat. Genet. 45 (7): 831–5. doi:10.1038/ng.2669. PMID 23749190.