Cardiff United Synagogue
A Jewish community existed in Cardiff by 1841, when the Marquess of Bute donated land at Highfield for a Jewish Cemetery. The congregation, which is the result of the merger of several historic congregations, traces its roots to the Old Hebrew Congregation, which erected a synagogue building on Trinity Street in 1853, and to the Bute Street synagogue of 1858. Bute Street was the center of the Jewish community in the nineteenth century.
Former locations and ancestral congregations in Cardiff include the following:
- Original (Old Hebrew) congregation,
- Trinity Street, Cardiff (1853–1858)
- East Terrace, Bute Street, Cardiff (1858–1897; redeveloped 1888)
- Cathedral Road, Cardiff (1897–1989)
- New (Orthodox) congregation,
- Edwards Place, Cardiff (1889–1900)
- Merches Place, Cardiff (1900–?)
- Windsor Place congregation, Windsor Place, Cardiff (1918–1955)
- Penylan congregation, Ty Gwyn Road, Penylan (9 January 1955–2003)
The most architecturally distinguished of the several historic synagogue buildings was the classical/eclectic synagogue in Windsor Place. One of the congregation's former buildings was purchased in 1979 and converted into a Hindu temple. With the diminution of the Cardiff Jewish community and a drift away from the older neighborhoods, these congregations consolidated in the present, modern building in Cyncoed Gardens, dedicated by Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks in 2003.
- "Worship". Cardiff:The Building of a Capital. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
- Geoffrey Alderman, Modern British Jewry (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1998), p. 26.
- "Cardiff United Synagogue". Jewish Communities and Records – United Kingdom. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
- Raymond Brady Williams, An Introduction to Swaminarayan Hinduism (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001), p. 222.
- Cardiff United Synagogue Web site
- Cardiff United Synagogue on Jewish Communities and Records - UK (hosted by jewishgen.org).