Cardinals created by Pius X

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Pope Pius X (1835–1914), presiding at his first public consistory.

Pope Pius X (r. 1903–1914) created 50 cardinals in seven consistories.

9 November 1903[edit]

Rafael Merry del Val (1865–1930), made a cardinal on 9 November 1903.
  1. Rafael Merry del Val (1865–1930)
  2. Giuseppe Callegari (1841–1906)

11 December 1905[edit]

  1. József Samassa (hu) (1828–1912)
  2. Marcelo Spinola y Maestre (1835–1906)
  3. Joaquim Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti (1850–1930)
  4. Ottavio Cagiano de Azevedo (1845–1927)

15 April 1907[edit]

Gregorio Maria Aguirre y Garcia (1835–1913), made a cardinal on 15 April 1907.
Désiré-Joseph Mercier (1851–1926), made a cardinal on 15 April 1907.
  1. Aristide Cavallari (1849–1914)
  2. Gregorio Maria Aguirre y Garcia (1835–1913)
  3. Aristide Rinaldini (1844–1920)
  4. Benedetto Lorenzelli (1853–1915)
  5. Pietro Maffi (1858–1931)
  6. Alessandro Lualdi (1858–1927)
  7. Désiré-Joseph Mercier (1851–1926)

16 December 1907[edit]

  1. Pietro Gasparri (1852–1934)
  2. Louis Luçon (1842–1930)
  3. Pierre Andrieu (1849–1935)
  4. Gaetano de Lai (1853–1928)

27 November 1911[edit]

François-Virgile Dubillard (1845–1914), made a cardinal on 27 November 1911.

Beginning in 1907, consistories for the creation of cardinals were announced and postponed.[1] On 27 November 1911 Pius created eighteen new cardinals plus an additional one created in pectore or unnamed. Only five were Italians. Four were French, the first cardinals from that country since the dispute between France and the Vatican. Speculation about the one not identified centered on the Patriarch of Lisbon, António Mendes Belo, given that relations between Portugal and the Holy See were troubled at the time. American representation in the College grew from one to four following the reclassification of the United States as no longer a missionary country. This included as an American Diomede Falconio, an Italian-born U.S. citizen who had spent most of his career in the United States and Canada.[1][2]

  1. António Mendes Belo (1842–1929), created cardinal in pectore, announced 25 May 1914
  2. José Cos y Macho (1838–1919)
  3. Diomede Falconio (1842–1917)
  4. Antonio Vico (1847–1929)
  5. Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte (1851–1948)
  6. John Murphy Farley (1842–1918)
  7. Francis Bourne (1861–1935)
  8. Franziskus von Sales Bauer (1841–1915)
  9. Léon-Adolphe Amette (1850–1920)
  10. William Henry O'Connell (1859–1944)
  11. Enrique Almaraz y Santos (1847–1922)
  12. François-Virgile Dubillard (1845–1914)
  13. Franz Xaver Nagl (1855–1913)
  14. François de Rovérié de Cabrières (1830–1921)
  15. Gaetano Bisleti (1856–1932)
  16. Giovanni Lugari (1846–1914)
  17. Basilio Pompilj (1858–1931)
  18. Louis Billot (1846–1931)
  19. Willem Marinus van Rossum (1854–1932)

2 December 1912[edit]

Károly Hornig (1840–1917), made a cardinal on 2 December 1912.
  1. Károly Hornig (1840–1917)

25 May 1914[edit]

Louis-Nazaire Bégin (1840–1925), made a cardinal on 25 May 1914.
Friedrich Gustav Piffl (1864–1932), made a cardinal on 25 May 1914.
  1. Victoriano Guisasola y Menéndez (1852–1920)
  2. Louis-Nazaire Bégin (1840–1925)
  3. Domenico Serafini (1852–1918)
  4. Giacomo della Chiesa (1854–1922) (Pope Benedict XV; 1914–1922)
  5. János Csernoch (1852–1927)
  6. Franziskus von Bettinger (1850–1917)
  7. Hector Sévin (1852–1916)
  8. Felix von Hartmann (1851–1919)
  9. Friedrich Gustav Piffl (1864–1932)
  10. Scipione Tecchi (1854–1915)
  11. Filippo Giustini (1852–1920)
  12. Michele Lega (1860–1935)
  13. Francis Aidan Gasquet (1846–1929)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "To Name Three New Cardinals for America". New York Times. 29 October 1911. Retrieved 12 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "Pope's Act Puzzles Church Dignitaries". New York Times. 5 November 1911. Retrieved 12 November 2017.