Carloman II

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Carloman II
Louis III et Carloman furent couronnés rois en 879 par l'archevêque de Sens Anségise, dans l'abbaye bénédictine Saint-Pierre-et-saint-Paul de Ferrières en Gâtinais.png
Medieval depiction of Carloman and his brother Louis' coronation
King of West Francia
Reign10 April 879 – 6 December 884
CoronationSeptember 879
PredecessorLouis II
SuccessorCharles the Fat
Co-MonarchLouis III (879-882)
Bornc. 866
Died6 December 884 (aged c. 18)
near Les Andelys
Burial
DynastyCarolingian
FatherLouis the Stammerer
MotherAnsgarde of Burgundy

Carloman II (c. 866 – 6 December 884) was the King of West Francia from 879 until his death. A member of the Carolingian dynasty, he and his elder brother, Louis III, divided the kingdom between themselves and ruled jointly until the latter's death in 882. Thereafter Carloman ruled alone until his own death. He was the second son of King Louis the Stammerer and Queen Ansgarde.

Upon Louis the Stammerer's death, some Frankish nobles advocated electing Louis III as the sole king, but eventually both brothers were elected kings. They were both crowned in September 879.[1] Some doubts were cast upon the legitimacy of their birth,[2] but these disappeared after their victory over the Vikings on November of that year.[3] In March 880 the brothers divided their father's realm at Amiens, Carloman receiving the southern kingdoms of Burgundy and Aquitaine.[2]

Meanwhile, the powerful Duke Boso of Provence had renounced his allegiance to both brothers and had been elected King of Provenceon October 879.[3] In 880 Carloman and Louis III marched against Boso and took the northern parts of his realm, starting a two-year siege in Vienne. The city was finally taken by Richard, Duke of Burgundy, in 882.[3]

Carloman II died near Les Andelys while hunting on December 884. He was accidentally stabbed in the leg by his servant Bertoldus while they were attacked by a wild boar.[4] Carloman survived but died seven days later,[4] on 5–6 December.[5][6] He was only about 18 years old.[4] Some modern sources give his death date as 12 December,[2] but this isn't corroborated by contemporary sources. Carloman's land were inherited by his cousin, the emperor Charles the Fat.

A denarius minted in the name of Carloman II
The coronation of Carloman (left) and his elder brother, who is shown seated higher and crowned by two bishops
The realm of Carloman II after the division of the Carolingian Empire in March 880 is shown in blue
Artistic representation of Louis III & Carloman II, as part of a large collection of commissioned paintings by Louis Philippe I of all the French monarchs.
(Charles Auguste Steuben, ca. 1837).

References[edit]

  1. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond (1995). The New Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. 2. p. 137. ISBN 9780521362924.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carloman s.v. Carloman (d. 884)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 343.
  3. ^ a b c McKitterick, Rosamond (1995). The New Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. II. pp. 133–137.
  4. ^ a b c Annales Vedastini. Anno DCCCLXXXIIII.
  5. ^ Obituaires de la province de Sens. Tome I, p. 351. "VIII id. [6 December] Ob. Karlomannus rex."
  6. ^ Annales S. Benigni Divionensis 884. MGH V, p. 40. "Obiit Karlomannus rex Non. Decemb. [5 December]".
Carloman II
Born: c. 866 Died: 6 December 884
Preceded by King of West Francia
10 April 879 – 6 December 884
with Louis III (10 April 879 – 5 August 882)
Succeeded by