Louis the Stammerer
|Louis the Stammerer|
|King of West Francia|
|Coronation||8 October 877 in Compiègne|
|Predecessor||Charles the Bald|
|Successor||Louis III and Carloman II|
|Born||1 November 846|
|Died||10 April 879 (aged 32)|
Saint-Corneille Abbey, Compiègne, France
|Spouses||Ansgarde of Burgundy|
Adelaide of Paris
|Louis III of France|
Ermentrude of France
Charles the Simple
|Father||Charles the Bald|
|Mother||Ermentrude of Orléans|
Louis II, known as Louis the Stammerer (French: Louis le Bègue; 1 November 846 – 10 April 879), was the king of Aquitaine and later the king of West Francia. He was the eldest son of Emperor Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans. Louis the Stammerer was physically weak and outlived his father by a year and a half.
Louis was crowned king on 8 October 877 by Hincmar, archbishop of Reims, at Compiegne and was crowned a second time in August 878 by Pope John VIII at Troyes while the pope was attending a council there. The pope may have even offered him the imperial crown, but it was declined. Louis had relatively little impact on politics. He was described "a simple and sweet man, a lover of peace, justice, and religion". In 878, he gave the counties of Barcelona, Girona, and Besalú to Wilfred the Hairy. His final act was to march against the invading Vikings, but he fell ill and died on 9 April or 10 April 879, not long after beginning this final campaign. On his death, his realms were divided between his two sons, Carloman II and Louis III of France.
During the peace negotiations between his father and Erispoe, duke of Brittany, Louis was betrothed to an unnamed daughter of Erispoe in 856. It is not known if this was the same daughter who later married Gurivant. The contract was broken in 857 after Erispoe's murder.
Louis was married twice. His first wife Ansgarde of Burgundy had two sons: Louis (born in 863) and Carloman (born in 866), both of whom became kings of West Francia, and three daughters: Hildegarde (born in 864), Gisela (865–884) and Ermentrude (874–914).
With his first wife, Ansgarde of Burgundy , he had the following children:
- Louis III of France
- Carloman II
- Princess Ermentrude (874–914).
- Princess Hildegarde (born in 864)
- Princess Gisela (865–884)
With his second wife, Adelaide of Paris, he had:
- Rosamond McKitterick, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, (Pearson Education Limited, 1999), 258.
- John VIII, Pierre Riche, The Papacy: Gaius-Proxies, Vol. 2, ed. Philippe Levillain, (Routledge, 2002), 837.
- Münster, Sebastian (1550). Cosmographei. Basel. p. 326.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Louis II. of France". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 34. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the