Louis the Stammerer
|Louis the Stammerer|
|King of Western Francia|
14th-century depiction of Louis's coronation
|Coronation||8 December 877 in Compiègne|
|Successor||Louis III and Carloman II|
|Born||1 November 846|
|Died||10 April 879
|Burial||Saint-Corneille Abbey, Compiègne, France,|
|Spouse||Ansgarde of Burgundy
Adelaide of Paris
|Issue||Louis III of France
Hildegarde of France
Gisela of France
Ermentrude of France
Charles the Simple
|Father||Charles the Bald|
|Mother||Ermentrude of Orléans|
Louis the Stammerer (French: Louis le Bègue) (1 November 846 – 10 April 879) was the King of Aquitaine and later King of West Francia. He was the eldest son of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans. During the peace negotiations between his father and Erispoe of Brittany, Louis was betrothed to an unnamed daughter of Erispoe in 856. It is not known if this was the same daughter who later married Gurivant. The contract was broken in 857 upon Erispoe's murder.
Twice married, he and his first wife, Ansgarde of Burgundy, had two sons: Louis (born in 863) and Carloman (born in 866), both of whom became kings of France, and two daughters: Hildegarde (born in 864) and Gisela (865–884).
With his second wife, Adelaide of Paris, he had one daughter, Ermentrude (875–914) and a posthumous son, Charles the Simple, who would become, long after his elder brothers' deaths, king of France.
He was crowned on 8 October 877 by Hincmar, archbishop of Reims, at Compiegne and was crowned a second time in August 878 by Pope John VIII at Troyes while the pope was attending a council there. The pope may even have offered the imperial crown, but it was declined. Louis the Stammerer was said to be physically weak and outlived his father by only two years. He had relatively little impact on politics. He was described "a simple and sweet man, a lover of peace, justice, and religion". In 878, he gave the counties of Barcelona, Girona, and Besalú to Wilfred the Hairy. His final act was to march against the Vikings who were then the scourge of Europe. He fell ill and died on 9 April or 10 April 879 not long after beginning his final campaign. On his death, his realms were divided between his two sons, Carloman and Louis.
|Ancestors of Louis the Stammerer|
- Rosamond McKitterick, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, (Pearson Education Limited, 1999), 258.
- John VIII, Pierre Riche, The Papacy: Gaius-Proxies, Vol. 2, ed. Philippe Levillain, (Routledge, 2002), 837.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louis II of France.|
Louis the StammererBorn: 1 November 846 Died: 10 April 879
Charles the Child
|King of Aquitaine
Title next held byRanulf II
Charles the Bald
|King of Neustria
|King of Western Francia
Louis III and Carloman
|New title||Count of Meaux