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Champagne-Ardenne ( French pronunciation: ) is a former [ʃɑ̃paɲ aʁdɛn] administrative region of France, located in the northeast of the country, bordering Belgium. Mostly corresponding to the historic province of Champagne, the region is famous for its sparkling white wine, named champagne after the eponymous wine region.
The administrative region was formed in 1956, consisting of the four
departments Aube, Ardennes, Haute-Marne, and Marne. On 1 January 2016, it merged with neighboring regions of Alsace and Lorraine to form the new region Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, thereby ceasing to exist as an independent entity. [1 ]
Its rivers, most of which flow west, include the
Seine, the Marne, and the Aisne. The Meuse flows north.
Transportation [ edit ]
Highways [ edit ]
The rail network includes the Paris–Strasbourg line, which follows the
Marne Valley and serves Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne, and Vitry-le-François. The LGV Est TGV line also connecting Paris and Strasbourg opened in 2007 and serves Reims with a train station in the commune of Bezannes.
canals include the Canal latéral à la Marne and Marne-Rhine Canal, the latter connecting to the Marne at Vitry-le-François. These are petit gabarit canals.
Vatry International Airport, primarily dedicated to air freight, has a runway 3,650 m (11,980 ft) long. The airport is in a sparsely populated area just 150 km (93 mi) from Paris.
Economy [ edit ]
Vineyard in Champagne-Ardenne.
61.4% of its land is dedicated to agriculture
1st in France for the production of
barley and alfalfa 2nd in France for the production of
beets, onions, and peas 3rd in France for the production of tender wheat and
rapeseed. 282.37 km² of
vineyards Champagne sales in 2001: 263 million bottles (4% increase from 2000) of which 37.6% were exported.
25% of French
hosiery production 3rd
metallurgic region in France
Businesses [ edit ]
Food processing [ edit ]
Demographics [ edit ]
The population of Champagne-Ardenne has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to a
rural exodus. With 1.3 million people and a density of 52/km², it is one of France's least populated regions. After a brief period of stabilization in the 1990s, the region's population is now among the fastest "dying" in Europe, with several municipalities losing people at a faster rate than a lot of Eastern European areas, especially in the Haute-Marne department. The region is among the oldest in France, has a weak fertility rate, and its immigrant population, while growing, is still minimal compared to the national average.
Major communities [ edit ]
Moulin de Valmy dans les champs
References [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 49°00′N 4°30′E / 49.000°N 4.500°E