Chancellorsville Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in Virginia's Battle of Chancellorsville, which lasted from April 30 to May 6, 1863, during the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle has been compiled from the army organization[1] during the campaign,[2] the casualty returns[3] and the reports.[4]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of Northern Virginia[edit]

Gen Robert E. Lee

First Corps[edit]

Gen Robert E. Lee[5]

Chief of Artillery: Col James B. Walton

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

McLaws' Division
     MG Lafayette McLaws

Wofford's Brigade


   BG William T. Wofford

Semmes' Brigade


   BG Paul J. Semmes

  • 10th Georgia: Ltc Willis C. Holt
  • 50th Georgia: Ltc Francis Kearse
  • 51st Georgia: Col William M. Slaughter (mw), Ltc Edward Ball (w), Maj Oliver P. Anthony
  • 53rd Georgia: Col James P. Simms
Kershaw's Brigade


   BG Joseph B. Kershaw

Barksdale's Brigade


   BG William Barksdale

Cabell's Artillery Battalion


   Col Henry C. Cabell
   Maj Samuel P. Hamilton

  • Carlton's (Georgia) battery: Cpt Henry H. Carlton
  • Fraser's (Georgia) battery: Cpt John C. Fraser
  • McCarthy's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Edward S. McCarthy
  • Manly's (North Carolina) battery: Cpt Basil C. Manly

Anderson's Division
     MG Richard H. Anderson

Wilcox's Brigade


   BG Cadmus M. Wilcox

Wright's Brigade


   BG Ambrose R. Wright

  • 3rd Georgia: Maj John F. Jones (w), Cpt Charles H. Andrews
  • 22nd Georgia: Ltc Joseph Wasden
  • 48th Georgia: Ltc Reuben W. Carswell
  • 2nd Georgia Battalion: Maj George W. Ross
Mahone's Brigade


   BG William Mahone

Posey's Brigade


   BG Carnot Posey

  • 12th Mississippi: Ltc Merry B. Harris (w), Maj Samuel B. Thomas
  • 16th Mississippi: Col Samuel E. Baker
  • 19th Mississippi: Col Nathaniel H. Harris
  • 48th Mississippi: Col Joseph M. Jayne (w)
Perry's Brigade


   BG Edward A. Perry

  • 2nd Florida: Maj Walter R. Moore (w)
  • 5th Florida: Maj Benjamin F. Davis (w)
  • 8th Florida: Col David Lang
Garnett's Artillery Battalion


   Ltc John J. Garnett
   Maj Robert A. Hardaway

  • Grandy's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Charles R. Grandy
  • Lewis' (Virginia) battery: Lt Nathan Penick
  • Maurin's (Louisiana) battery: Cpt Victor Maurin
  • Moore's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Joseph D. Moore

Artillery Reserve

Alexander's Battalion


   Col E. Porter Alexander[6]
   Maj Frank Huger

  • Eubank's (Virginia) battery: Lt Osmond B. Taylor
  • Jordan's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Tyler C. Jordan
  • Moody's (Louisiana) battery: Cpt George V. Moody
  • Parker's (Virginia) battery: Cpt William W. Parker
  • Rhett's (South Carolina) battery: Cpt A. Burnett Rhett
  • Woolfolk's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr.
Washington (Louisiana) Artillery Battalion


   Col James B. Walton

  • 1st Company: Cpt Charles W. Squires (c), Lt Charles H. C. Brown
  • 2nd Company: Cpt John B. Richardson
  • 3rd Company: Cpt Merritt B. Miller
  • 4th Company: Cpt Benjamin F. Eshleman

Second Corps[edit]

LTG Thomas J. Jackson (mw)
MG Ambrose P. Hill (w)
BG Robert E. Rodes
MG J .E. B. Stuart

Chief of Artillery: Col Stapleton Crutchfield (w), Col E. Porter Alexander, Col J. Thompson Brown

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

A. P. Hill's Light Division
     MG Ambrose P. Hill
     BG Henry Heth (w)
     BG William D. Pender (w)
     BG James J. Archer

Heth's Brigade


   BG Henry Heth
   Col John M. Brockenbrough

Thomas' Brigade


   BG Edward L. Thomas

  • 14th Georgia: Col Robert W. Folsom
  • 35th Georgia: Cpt John Duke
  • 45th Georgia: Ltc Washington L. Grice
  • 49th Georgia: Maj Samuel T. Player
Lane's Brigade


   BG James H. Lane

  • 7th North Carolina: Col Edward G. Haywood (w), Ltc Junius L. Hill (k), Maj William L. Davidson (w), Cpt Nathan A. Pool
  • 18th North Carolina: Col Thomas J. Purdie (k), Ltc Forney George (w), Maj John D. Barry
  • 28th North Carolina: Col Samuel D. Lowe
  • 33rd North Carolina: Col Clark M. Avery (w), Cpt Joseph H. Saunders
  • 37th North Carolina: Col William M. Barbour (w)
McGowan's Brigade


   BG Samuel McGowan (w)
   Col Oliver E. Edwards (mw)
   Col Abner M. Perrin
   Col Daniel H. Hamilton[9]

  • 1st South Carolina (Provisional Army): Col Daniel H. Hamilton, Cpt Washington P. Shooter
  • 1st South Carolina Rifles: Col James M. Perrin (mw), Ltc Francis E. Harrison
  • 12th South Carolina:[10] Col John L. Miller
  • 13th South Carolina: Col Oliver E. Edwards, Ltc Benjamin T. Brockman
  • 14th South Carolina: Col Abner Perrin
Archer's Brigade


   BG James J. Archer
   Col Birkett D. Fry

  • 13th Alabama: Col Birkett D. Fry
  • 5th Alabama Battalion: Cpt S. D. Stewart (k), Cpt A. N. Porter
  • 1st Tennessee (Provisional Army): Ltc Newton J. George
  • 7th Tennessee: Ltc John A. Fite (w)
  • 14th Tennessee: Col William McComb (w), Cpt R. C. Wilson
Pender's Brigade


   BG William D. Pender

  • 13th North Carolina: Col Alfred M. Scales (w), Ltc Joseph H. Hyman
  • 16th North Carolina: Col John S. McElroy (w), Ltc William A. Stowe (w)
  • 22nd North Carolina: Ltc Chris C. Cole (k), Maj Laben Odell (k), Cpt George A. Graves
  • 34th North Carolina: Col William L. J. Lowrance
  • 38th North Carolina: Ltc John Ashford
Walker's Artillery Battalion


   Col R. Lindsay Walker
   Maj William R. J. Pegram

  • Brunson's (South Carolina) battery: Cpt Ervin B. Brunson
  • Crenshaw's (Virginia) battery: Lt John H. Chamberlayne
  • Davidson's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Greenlee Davidson (mw), Lt Thomas A. Brander
  • McGraw's (Virginia) battery: Lt Joseph McGraw
  • Marye's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Edward A. Marye

D. H. Hill's Division
     BG Robert E. Rodes
     BG Stephen D. Ramseur

Rodes' Brigade


   Col Edward A. O'Neal (w)
   Col Josephus M. Hall

  • 3rd Alabama: Cpt Malachi F. Bonham
  • 5th Alabama: Col Josephus M. Hall, Ltc E. Lafayette Hobson (w), Cpt William T. Renfro (mw), Cpt Thomas M. Riley
  • 6th Alabama: Col James N. Lightfoot
  • 12th Alabama: Col Samuel B. Pickens
  • 26th Alabama: Ltc John S. Garvin (w), Lt Miles J. Taylor
Colquitt's Brigade


   BG Alfred H. Colquitt

  • 6th Georgia: Col John T. Lofton
  • 19th Georgia: Col Andrew J. Hutchins
  • 23rd Georgia: Col Emory F. Best
  • 27th Georgia: Col Charles T. Zachry
  • 28th Georgia: Col Tully Graybill
Ramseur's Brigade


   BG Stephen D. Ramseur (w)
   Col Francis M. Parker

Doles' Brigade


   BG George P. Doles

  • 4th Georgia: Col Philip Cook (w), Ltc David R. E. Winn
  • 12th Georgia: Col Edward Willis
  • 21st Georgia: Col John T. Mercer
  • 44th Georgia: Col John B. Estes
Iverson's Brigade


   BG Alfred Iverson, Jr.

  • 5th North Carolina: Col Thomas M. Garrett (w), Ltc John W. Lea (w), Maj William J. Hill (w), Cpt Speight B. West
  • 12th North Carolina: Maj David P. Rowe (mw), Ltc Robert D. Johnston[11]
  • 20th North Carolina: Col Thomas F. Toon (w), Ltc Nelson Slough
  • 23rd North Carolina: Col Daniel H. Christie
Carter's Artillery Battalion


   Ltc Thomas H. Carter

  • Reese's (Alabama) battery: Cpt William J. Reese
  • Carter's (Virginia) battery: Cpt William P. Carter
  • Fry's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Charles W. Fry
  • Page's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Richard C. M. Page

Early's Division
     MG Jubal A. Early

Gordon's Brigade


   BG John B. Gordon

  • 13th Georgia: Col James M. Smith
  • 26th Georgia: Col Edmund N. Atkinson
  • 31st Georgia: Col Clement A. Evans (w)
  • 38th Georgia: Col James D. Mathews
  • 60th Georgia: Col William H. Stiles
  • 61st Georgia: Col John H. Lamar
Hoke's Brigade


   BG Robert Hoke (w)
   Col Isaac E. Avery

  • 6th North Carolina: Col Isaac E. Avery, Maj Samuel M. Tate
  • 21st North Carolina: Ltc William S. Rankin
  • 54th North Carolina: Col James C. S. McDowell (mw), Ltc Kenneth M. Murchison
  • 57th North Carolina: Col Archibald C. Godwin (w)
  • 1st Battalion North Carolina Sharpshooters: Maj Rufus W. Wharton
Smith's Brigade[12]


   BG William Smith

Hays' Brigade


   BG Harry T. Hays

  • 5th Louisiana: Col Henry Forno
  • 6th Louisiana: Col William Monaghan
  • 7th Louisiana: Col Davidson B. Penn (c)
  • 8th Louisiana: Col Trevanion D. Lewis (c)
  • 9th Louisiana: Col Leroy A. Stafford (c)
Andrews' Artillery Battalion


   Ltc Richard S. Andrews

  • Brown's (Maryland) battery: Cpt William D. Brown
  • Carpenter's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Joseph C. Carpenter
  • Dement's (Maryland) battery: Cpt William F. Dement
  • Raine's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Charles J. Raine

Trimble's Division
      BG Raleigh E. Colston

Paxton's Brigade


   BG Elisha F. Paxton (k)
   Col John H. S. Funk

Jones' Brigade[13]


   BG John R. Jones[14]
   Col Thomas S. Garnett (mw)
   Col Alexander S. Vandeventer

Colston's Brigade


   Col E. T. H. Warren (w)
   Col Titus V. Williams (w)
   Ltc Hamilton A. Brown

Nicholls' Brigade


   BG Francis T. Nicholls (w)
   Col Jesse M. Williams

  • 1st Louisiana: Cpt Edward D. Willett
  • 2nd Louisiana: Col Jesse M. Williams, Ltc Ross E. Burke
  • 10th Louisiana: Ltc John M. Legett (k), Cpt Auguste Perrodin
  • 14th Louisiana: Ltc David Zable
  • 15th Louisiana: Cpt William C. Michie
Jones' Artillery Battalion


   Ltc Hilary P. Jones

  • Carrington's (Virginia) battery: Cpt James McD. Carrington
  • Garber's (Virginia) battery: Lt Alexander H. Fultz
  • Latimer's (Virginia) battery: Cpt William A. Tanner
  • Thompson's (Louisiana) battery: Cpt Charles Thompson

Artillery Reserve

Brown's Battalion[15]


   Col J. Thompson Brown
   Cpt David Watson
   Cpt Willis J. Dance[16]

  • Brooke's (Virginia) battery: Cpt James V. Brooke
  • Dance's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Willis J. Dance
  • Graham's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Archibald Graham
  • Hupp's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Abraham Hupp
  • Smith's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Benjamin H. Smith, Jr.
  • Watson's (Virginia) battery: Cpt David Watson
McIntosh's Battalion


   Maj David G. McIntosh

  • Hurt's (Alabama) battery: Cpt William P. Hurt
  • Johnson's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Marmaduke Johnson
  • Lusk's (Virginia) battery: Cpt John A. M. Lusk
  • Wooding's (Virginia) battery: Cpt George W. Wooding

Army Reserve Artillery[edit]

Division Battalions Batteries

Army Reserve Artillery
      BG William N. Pendleton[17]

Cutt's Battalion[18]


   Ltc Allen S. Cutts

  • Ross' (Georgia) battery: Cpt Hugh M. Ross
  • Patterson's (Georgia) battery: Cpt George M. Patterson
Nelson's Battalion


   Ltc William Nelson

  • Kirkpatrick's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Thomas J. Kirkpatrick
  • Massie's (Virginia) battery: Cpt John L. Massie
  • Milledge's (Georgia) battery: Cpt John Milledge, Jr.

Cavalry[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Stuart's Division[19]
     MG J. E. B. Stuart

Fitzhugh Lee's Brigade


   BG Fitzhugh Lee

William H. F. Lee's Brigade[20]


   BG William H. F. Lee

Horse Artillery


   Maj Robert F. Beckham

  • Moorman's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Marcellus N. Moorman
  • Breathed's (Virginia) battery: Cpt James Breathed
  • McGregor's (Virginia) battery: Cpt William M. McGregor
  • Hart's (South Carolina) battery: Cpt James F. Hart[20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, pages 789-794; Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville, pages 467-474
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, pages 806-809/947-949; Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville, pages 492-501
  4. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 1, pages 1161-1169/Official Records, Series I, Volume LI, Part 1, page 1332
  5. ^ The First Corps' commander, Lieutenant General James Longstreet, along with Pickett's and Hood's divisions and Dearing's and Henry's artillery battalions, were on detached duty in Southeastern Virginia. General Lee commanded the remnant of the corps directly (see: Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville, pages 36 and 49)
  6. ^ Acting Chief of Artillery Second Corps after Colonel Crutchfield was wounded (see: Alexander's report)
  7. ^ Adjutant of the 55th Virginia
  8. ^ Joined May 4, 1863 (see: Christian's report)
  9. ^ Assumed command after the Brigade was reunited on May 3, 1863 (see: Hamilton's and Perrin's report)
  10. ^ Not engaged, detached guarding Prisoners (see: Hamilton's report)
  11. ^ Of the 23rd North Carolina; assumed command May 2, 1863 after Major Rowe was mortally wounded (see: Johnston's report)
  12. ^ 31st Virginia detached (see: Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 2, page 714)
  13. ^ 25th Virginia detached (see: Official Records, Series I, Volume XXV, Part 2, page 714)
  14. ^ Left the battlefield on account of sickness (see: Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville, page 329)
  15. ^ First Virginia Artillery
  16. ^ Assumed command of the whole Battalion after it was reunited (see: Dance's report)
  17. ^ Chief of Artillery to the whole Army
  18. ^ Lane's battery detached (see: Pendleton's report)
  19. ^ Hampton's Brigade (1st North Carolina, 1st and 2nd South Carolina, Cobb's and Phillips' Georgia Legion) and Jones' Brigade (1st Maryland Battalion and 6th, 11th, 12th Virginia and 34th and 35th Virginia Battalion) detached
  20. ^ a b Engaged against Stoneman's raid

References[edit]