Chandiya

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Chandiya
Chandia
village
Chandiya is located in Gujarat
Chandiya
Chandiya
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°05′18″N 69°50′47″E / 23.088338°N 69.846525°E / 23.088338; 69.846525Coordinates: 23°05′18″N 69°50′47″E / 23.088338°N 69.846525°E / 23.088338; 69.846525
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Kachchh
Panchayat Gram Panchayat
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 370110
Telephone code 02836
Vehicle registration GJ-12
Sex ratio 0.894 /
Distance from Bhuj 60 kilometres (37 mi)
Distance from Ahmedabad 350 kilometres (220 mi)

Chandiya or Chandia is a village near the town Anjar, the taluka of Kutch district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Village is located 18 km from nearest town Anjar.

History[edit]

Many castes and religious groups live in Chandiya, such as Jadeja — Kshatriya, Jains, Brahmins, Ahir-Machhuya, Sorathiya, Mistry Gurjar Kshatriya, Luhar, Muslims, etc. About the history of Chandiya, it is one of the 19 villages established by Mistris or Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas. These Mistris first moved into Saurashtra in early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in 12th Century & established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from 12th century onwards they moved to settle themselves between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devaliya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia.[1][2][3][4][5]

The old houses, temples and other old infrastructure was built by these Gurjar Kshatriya or Mistri community during those years. The Thakor Mandir and Jadeshwar Mahadev Temple built by Mistri are in the village of which the carvings and colors of Thakor Mandir are worth seeing. However, majority of old houses of Mistris with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Notable persons[edit]

Some of the Mistris did major railway contracts during 1860-1940 in British India. Among them Vishram Karman Chawda a noted railway contractor has also built Docks of Mundra Port and bridge over Rukhmavati in 1883. This bridge built by him in Mundra over Rukmavati is one of the longest surviving such structures at present in India.[6][7][8][9][10]

Temples[edit]

Kuldevi Temples of many clans of these Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya community are also there in this village. For example, Chawda of five Villages Chandiya, Lovariya, Madhapar, Sinugra and Galpadar have their Kuldevi Chamunda Mata's temple in village. A new large temple replacing old has been recently constructed and inaugurated on eve of Dusherra in October, 2010.

Besides, Thakore Mandir and Jadeshwar Mahadev temple of Chandiya built by Mistris of village in 1900 are worth seeing for their beautiful carvings and colors.

Education[edit]

Education facility is up to Secondary school.

Preceded by
Unknown
Village Sarpanch
1991 – 2003
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Talati
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Aanganvadiben
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kutch Gujar Kshatriyas, History & names of their 18 villages
  2. ^ Press Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch
  3. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch
  4. ^ Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas
  5. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  6. ^ Ratna Bhagat ni Chopdi-IInd Edition:1932:Article by K.V.Chavda
  7. ^ Diary of Golden Days at Jharia — A Memoir & History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia — written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta/Sinugra compiled by Raja Pawan Jethwa (in English) in 1998.
  8. ^ Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi published in Gujarati in year 1999 from Vadodara.It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by KGK community noted by Nanji Govindji Tank of Hajapar/Jamshedpur, compiled by Dharsibhai Jethalal Tank of Nagalpar/Tatanagar. This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000.Railway Contractors from Chandia
  9. ^ Ratna Bhagat Ni Chopdi :1930
  10. ^ Kadia Kshatriya Abhudaya:1897