China (film)

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China
Chinalobcard.jpg
Directed by John Farrow
Produced by Richard Blumenthal
Written by Frank Butler
Based on unproduced play "The Fourth Brother" by Archibald Forbes
Starring Loretta Young
Alan Ladd
William Bendix
Music by Victor Young
Cinematography Leo Tover
Edited by Eda Warren
Production
company
Paramount Pictures
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release dates
  • April 21, 1943 (1943-04-21)
Running time
79 mins.
Country United States
Language English
Budget $2 million (est.)[1]
Box office 1,774,843 admissions (France)[2]

China (aka The Fourth Brother) is a 1943 film directed by John Farrow. It stars Loretta Young and Alan Ladd.[3] David Jones, one of the main characters wearing a fedora, a brown jacket, and khakis, was an inspiration for Indiana Jones.[4]

Plot[edit]

In 1941, in Mei-Ki, China, war profiteer David Jones (Alan Ladd) narrowly escapes with his life when Chinese Captain Tao-Yuan-Kai arrests him for selling oil to the Japanese but releases him because he is American. Japanese aircraft bomb the town, and Jones drives toward Shanghai with his partner, Johnny Sparrow (William Bendix), who has brought with him an orphaned baby boy.

After nightfall, they are forced to stop because Chinese refugees crowd the road and beat the Americans until Carolyn Grant (Loretta Young), an American schoolteacher born in China, tells them to stop. Carolyn sneaks her group of female college students into the back of Jones's truck and insists that Jones proceed without headlights because they might be sighted by Japanese bombers. As she has an intimate knowledge of the local terrain, Carolyn takes over driving the truck, and has her friend, Lin Wei, sit on the hood to watch for potholes.

When Jones realizes that Carolyn has loaded his truck with refugees, he ruthlessly starts to throw them out, fearing that the extra load will use up the gas he needs to get to Shanghai, but relents when he learns that the students are young women.

Along the road the next day, they encounter Lin Wei's first and second brothers, Lin Cho and Lin Yun, who have formed a guerrilla band and are posing as peasants. Lin Cho warns them to take an alternate road, as the Japanese are approaching, and Jones reluctantly heads the truck to the family farm of Tan Ying, a girl he tried to throw off the truck.

At the farm, Carolyn tries again to persuade Jones to take the students to Chungtu, where they can continue their studies, rather than Japanese-occupied Shanghai, but Jones is unconcerned with the struggle of the Chinese, and refuses. After Johnny leaves the baby, whom he has dubbed "Donald Duck," with Tan Ying's family for safekeeping, the journey resumes. They are forced to abandon the truck when Japanese aircraft strafe the road, but Lin Cho and his compatriots shoot the enemy aircraft down.

When Carolyn discovers that Tan Ying has slipped off the bus to rejoin her family, she insists on returning for her. While the rest of the group hikes to a monastery, Jones and Carolyn drive back to the farm and are shocked to find that the Japanese have burned the farm, and murdered Tan Ying's parents and Donald Duck. Jones then finds three Japanese soldiers raping Tan Ying, and shoots them without hesitation, while Carolyn comforts the hysterical woman. After the group takes refuge in the monastery, Tan Ying dies.

Finally cognizant of the nature of the Chinese struggle, Jones is now inspired to join the fight against the Japanese, and offers his help to the three brothers. They determine that they must close a mountain pass in order to prevent the further onslaught of the Japanese, but only the Japanese army has the necessary dynamite. That night, Jones, Johnny, Lin Wei, Lin Cho and Lin Yun swim across a river to raid a Japanese encampment and steal the dynamite. When their presence is detected, a fierce gun battle ensues, during which Lin Wei, and all but two other guerrillas, are killed. Before he dies, Lin Wei honors Jones by calling him his "fourth brother."

That night, Carolyn rejects Johnny's marriage proposal because she is in love with Jones, and later, the new lovers Jones and Carolyn spend a final night together. The next day, the small band of fighters places the dynamite along the mountain pass road.

When the Japanese convoy appears early, Jones stops them on the road to give the guerrillas time to lay the dynamite, and pretends that he is stranded. The Japanese general explains to Jones that Japan has just bombed Pearl Harbor in the United States, and that their intention is to create a new world order. After the general's second-in-command shoots Jones, the Chinese set off the dynamite causing an avalanche that buries the Japanese troops, and closes the road. Carolyn and Johnny mourn the loss of their friend as they drive the students to Chungtu.

Cast[edit]

  • Loretta Young as Carolyn Grant
  • Alan Ladd as David Jones
  • William Bendix as Johnny Sparrow
  • Philip Ahn as Lin Cho, First Brother
  • Iris Wong as Kwan Su
  • Iris Wong as Kwan Su
  • Sen Yung as Lin Wei, Third Brother
  • Marianne Quon as Tan Ying
  • Jessie Tai Sing as Student
  • Richard Loo as Lin Yun, Second Brother
  • Irene Tso as "Donald Duck"
  • Chingwah Lee as Chang Teh
  • Soo Yong as Tai Shen
  • Beal Wong as Capt. Tao-Yuan-Kai
  • Bruce Wong as Aide To Captain Tao
  • Tala Birell as Blonde Russian
  • Barbara Jean Wong as Nan Ti
  • Chester Gan as Japanese General
  • Doris Chan as Student
  • Frances Chan as Student
  • Melie Chang as Chinese Girl
  • Mae Don as Student
  • Benson Fong as Guerilla
  • Paul Fung as Japanese Soldier
  • Alex Havier as Japanese Soldier
  • Hazel Jay as Student
  • Eddie Lee as Guerilla
  • Ethel Lee as Student
  • George T. Lee as Guerilla
  • Shirley Lew as Student
  • May Yook Louie as Student
  • Clarence Lung as Guerilla
  • Grace Lung as Student
  • Sione Maldonado as Student
  • Julia Mei as Student
  • Severino V. Moya as Guerilla
  • Betty Quon as Student
  • Edith Quon as Student
  • Janet Quon as Student
  • Lorlay Quon as Student
  • Wilbur Tai Sing as Guerilla
  • Sammee Tong as Aide to Japanese General
  • Tom Ung as Japanese Soldier
  • Doris Young as Student
  • Mary Oh Young as Student


Production[edit]

The script was based on an unproduced play by Archibald Forbes, which Paramount bought for $25,000 in 1942.[5][6] China was the third war film in a row John Farrow had directed.[7]

Loretta Young was an enthusiastic supporter of China during the war[8] and had just signed a three-year deal with Paramount. She was announced as co-star to Ladd and Bendix but then pulled out, claiming she was dissatisfied with her role.[9] However, she appears to have changed her mind. William Bendix was cast as a sidekick, a departure from the "heavy" that he had played in earlier roles.[10]

Except for the three leads, all of the cast were Chinese, causing the filmmakers to look outside normal casting avenues.[11]

Ladd was injured during filming the battle scenes, suffering a cut arm and sprained ankle.[12] He also had to make a 20-foot dive off a bridge, which former diver Ladd found easy.[13]

The scene where 4,000 Japanese troops were killed in explosion was thought to set a record for Japanese killed on screen in a Hollywood film.[14]

Reception[edit]

Bosley Crowther in his film review for The New York Times, noted that Hollywood had churned out an unsatisfactory look at a topical subject, "... a small host of Chinese worthies play their countrymen in the accepted style. But the film scarcely does justice to their country — or to the title which it bears. By and large, it is Hollywood trumpery ..."[15]

The review in Variety was more charitable, noting, "Frank Butler generates authenticity in the dramatic evolvement of his screenplay [from a play by Archibald Forbes], while director John Farrow neatly blends the human and melodramatic elements of the yarn." [16]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Schallert, Edwin. "Drama: 'Refugee Smith' will Become Metro feature." Los Angeles Times, September 18, 1942, p. A10.
  2. ^ "French box office of 1947." Box Office Story. Retrieved: January 26, 2015.
  3. ^ "'China' (1943)." AllMovie. Retrieved: January 26, 2015.
  4. ^ French, Mike. "Influences: China." Theraider.net. Retrieved: January 26, 2015.
  5. ^ Schallert, Edwin. "Drama: Farrow 'China' guide; Young, Ladd to costar." Los Angeles Times, September 12, 1942, p. A7.
  6. ^ "Addenda." Pittsburgh Post Gazette, May 15, 1942.
  7. ^ Scheuer, Philip K. "Town Called Hollywood." Los Angeles Times, November 8, 1942, p. C3.
  8. ^ "Mme. Chiang Kai-shek honours star of 'China'." Canberra Times via National Library of Australia, July 3, 1943, p. 4
  9. ^ Hopper, Hedda. "Looking at Hollywood." Chicago Daily Tribune, October 20, 1942, p. 19.
  10. ^ Linet 1979, p. 74.
  11. ^ "'China', a casting nightmare." The World's News (Sydney, NSW) via National Library of Australia, September 11, 1943, p. 9.
  12. ^ "Make-believe film wars also have casualties." Chicago Daily Tribune, January 17, 1943, p. C7.
  13. ^ "Ladd performs high dive in action picture." Los Angeles Times, May 20, 1943, p. 30.
  14. ^ "Newcomer singing Crosby-type song." The Washington Post, March 4, 1943, p. B9.
  15. ^ Crowther,Bosley. "Movie review: China (1943) with Alan Ladd and Loretta Young, opens at the Paramount, picture is called romance with topical theme." The New York Times, April 22, 1943.
  16. ^ "Film review: China." Variety. Retrieved: January 26, 2015.

Bibliography

  • Linet, Beverley. Ladd: The Life, the Legend, the Legacy of Alan Ladd. Westminster, Maryland: Arbor House, 1979. ISBN 978-0-8779-5203-9.

External links[edit]