Chippendale, New South Wales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chippendale
SydneyNew South Wales
Chippendale University of Notre Dame.JPG
St Benedicts Church and University of Notre Dame
Population 4,057 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 5,808.6/km2 (15,044/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2008
Area 0.7 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Location 2 km (1 mi) south of CBD
LGA(s) City of Sydney
State electorate(s) Newtown
Federal Division(s) Sydney
Suburbs around Chippendale:
Glebe Ultimo Haymarket
Camperdown Chippendale Surry Hills
Darlington Darlington Redfern
John Storey Memorial Dispensary (1926)

Chippendale is a small inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on the southern edge of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Chippendale is located between Broadway to the north and Cleveland Street to the south, Sydney Central railway station to the east and the University of Sydney to the west.

History[edit]

The area was first occupied by the Gadigal people of the Dharug Nation. William Chippendale was granted a 95-acre (38 ha) estate in 1819. It stretched to the present day site of Redfern railway station. Chippendale sold the estate to Solomon Levey, emancipist and merchant, in 1821, for 380 pounds. Solomon Levey died while in London, in 1833. Levey's heirs sold over 62 acres (25 ha) to William Hutchinson.[2][3]

Commercial area[edit]

The eastern side of Chippendale, being adjacent to the CBD has a greater mix use than other parts of the suburb. It includes smaller offices and warehouses as well as cafes and pubs.

Chippendale has also more recently become known as one of the key creative art districts of Sydney, with more than a dozen galleries in the small neighbourhood (including White Rabbit Gallery, MOP Projects, and Pine Street Creative Arts Centre). Various creative events in the suburb also take place each year such as the Beams Festival. Artist residencies were offered with the cooperation of Frasers during the construction of Central Park and Chippendale houses a lively creative community.

The historic Regent Street railway station or 'Mortuary Station' is located on the eastern side of the suburb.

The John Storey Memorial Dispensary was built in 1926 as a memorial to John Storey, a former Premier of New South Wales. It is located on Regent Street and still functions as a pathology and methadone clinic.

Central Park[edit]

Central Park apartments

Chippendale is notable for being the location of the 168-year-old Carlton & United brewery which closed in December 2006. In 2007, Frasers Property Australia purchased the brewery site from the Foster’s Group and lodged a modified concept plan for the 5.8 Hectare site. The development proposal included approximately 255,000 m2 of commercial and residential space, retention of a number of heritage buildings and the development of a large new park for Chippendale, called Chippendale Green.[4]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Transport New South Wales has its headquarters in Chippendale.[5]

Schools[edit]

The University of Notre Dame Australia sits along the northern border with campus buildings scatterd through the suburb. The University of Technology, Sydney and the University of Sydney have campuses nearby. The Sydney campus of Curtin University is located at the eastern edge of Chippendale on Regent Street. The Boston University Sydney Campus is located on Regent Street in Chippendale.

Population[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there were 4,057 residents in Chippendale. 38.3% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China 10.6%, England 3.8%, New Zealand 3.3%, Indonesia 2.6% and India 2.5%. In Chippendale 50.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 10.5%, Cantonese 3.0%, Indonesian 2.2%, Thai 2.2% and Vietnamese 2.1%.[1] Chippendale has a higher than average crime rate, compared with the rest of NSW.[6]

Notable residents[edit]

  • William Chippendale, Sydney land owner and farmer whose surname the suburb's name is derived from
  • David Malouf, writer[7]
  • Michael Mobbs, author of Sustainable House[8]

Houses[edit]

The western side of Chippendale is mainly residential with businesses intercepted in some parts of the precinct. Notably, Chippendale has the lowest open space per person of any Sydney suburb (City of Sydney open space study, 2006). The addition of Chippendale Green has provided much needed green space, however given the corresponding population increase from the redevelopment of the former CUB site (now Central Park), Chippendale now has less than 1 sqm of green space per resident.

Urban heat island problem[edit]

Chippendale is currently a suburb under study, examining the problems of the urban heat island effect. The bitumen-surfaced roads surrounding infrastructures, are reportedly driving temperatures 6-8 degrees Celsius higher than normal. The road network, which constitute over 23 percent of the suburb's land area, measured over 34 degrees Celsius on average.[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Chippendale (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  2. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1996, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-19007-0
  3. ^ Libraries Australia. Part of Chippendale's grant. http://nla.gov.au/anbd.bib-an000040747752
  4. ^ http://www.frasersbroadway.com.au/broadway/
  5. ^ "Copyright and Disclaimer." Transport New South Wales. Retrieved 27 April 2014. "Transport NSW 18 Lee Street Chippendale NSW 2008"
  6. ^ "Crime rates for Chippendale (2008) in NSW". Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Malouf, David 1934-". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "About Michael". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Urban Heat Island". Retrieved 26 August 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Shirley Fitzgerald. CHIPPENDALE - Beneath The Factory Wall. Published by Halstead Press, Australia. 2008. (ISBN 9781920831486).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°53′11″S 151°12′00″E / 33.8863°S 151.1999°E / -33.8863; 151.1999