Ultimo, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||8,845 (2016 census)|
|• Density||14,700/km2 (38,000/sq mi)|
|Area||0.6 km2 (0.2 sq mi)|
|Location||2 km (1 mi) from Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Sydney|
Ultimo is an inner-city suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Ultimo is located 2 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Sydney.
"Ultimo" was originally the name of the estate of Dr John Harris, on 14 hectares (34 acres) granted to him by Governor King in 1803, for his military service and for aiding the governor in curtailing the illegal trading of rum by a corrupt group in the NSW Corps (the Rum Corps). It was named for a clerical error in a legal case against Harris that had prevented him being court-martialled. The court-martial based on fictitious charges was used as a retaliation by the Rum Corps. His offence was listed as "ultimo" (having occurred in the previous month) when it should have been cited as "instant" (having occurred in the same month). Harris Street is named in his honour.
The area remained as farmland, in possession of the Harris family, until it was subdivided in 1859. At that time, most of the current streets were laid out, and the descendants of John Harris constructed the first residences in the area (at least one of which–a row of terraces in Wattle Street–was still owned by the family in the early 1980s).
Residential development accelerated in the 1880s. In 1891 the population of the Pyrmont-Ultimo area was 19,177, in 3,966 dwellings. The population peaked at around 30,000 in 1900. However, the construction of factories, quarries, woolstores and a power station in the early 20th century saw the demolition of hundreds of houses, and a steady decline in population. It was a good site for warehouses because of its proximity to Darling Harbour. Several examples of the Federation Warehouse style can be found along Wattle Street. By 1954, the population of Pyrmont and Ultimo was 5,000, and by 1978 it was just 1,800. For approximately ten years from the early 1950s, Harris Street was home to the head office, recording studio, pressing plant and warehouse of Festival Records, which was Australia's leading independent record company for almost 50 years. Festival moved its facilities to a site in nearby Pyrmont in 1966. In 1973, the Builders Labourers Federation organised a green ban with Pyrmont to stop the construction of the North-Western Expressway, which would've destroyed large parts of both suburbs.
Subsequently, many industries began to move to cheaper land further from the CBD, and the decline of the wool industry made Ultimo's 15 woolstores redundant. By the start of the 1980s, derelict industrial sites began to be redeveloped for residences, mostly as apartments, a process that continues to the present.
Very little industry remains in the area, and its current character is a combination of residential and commercial. One conspicuous industrial relic is the brick shell of Davey's Flour Mill, built in 1911, and adjacent to the southern approach to the Anzac Bridge.
The Dairy Farmer's Cooperative operated from its facility in Harris Street and Ultimo Road from 1912 to its closure in 2009, after which the site was redeveloped by the nearby UTS in a project designed by architect Frank Gehry.
Wentworth Park commenced its life as a creek and swamp, known from the 1830s as Blackwattle Cove Swamp. Wentworth Park became a rugby league oval and the home ground of the Glebe Dirty Reds who were a part of the New South Wales Rugby League premiership back in its inception.
Since 1991, Australia's national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation has been headquartered in Ultimo.
Ultimo has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Darling Harbour goods railway: Ultimo Road railway underbridge
- 494 Harris Street: Ultimo Post Office
- 41 Mountain Street: Ultimo Substation
- William Henry Street: Ultimo Sewage Pumping Station
One of the landmarks in the area is the Uniting Church on the corner of Quarry Street and Bulwara Road. The church was originally built in 1883 to replace the old Presbyterian Church at Mount Street, Pyrmont. The latter had been the first Presbyterian Church in the colony, but it outgrew its old premises and the congregation had to move to the new church in Ultimo. A manse was built a few years later. By 2001 the church was in bad repair and had to be restored with help from a government grant. The church is still active and the congregation goes by the name of The Mustard Seed.
Commercial area of architecture
The commercial areas of Ultimo are mainly centred on Broadway, Harris Street and Wattle Street. The Broadway Shopping Centre is located in the former site of the flagship building of the Grace Bros department store chain. The Ultimo area is undergoing gentrification, with considerable redevelopment of industrial buildings for residential and commercial purposes. The NSW transmission network service provider TransGrid is located on Thomas Street.
The corporate headquarters and Sydney studios of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation are located in its Ultimo Centre on Harris Street. The Ultimo Centre also houses an auditorium and recording studio, known as the Eugene Goosens Hall. Sydney's community television station TVS, NITV & Aurora from a digital broadcast centre are located at Ultimo Centre.
Harris Street is also the home of Sydney's Powerhouse Museum. Wentworth Park is a multi-purpose sporting facility in Ultimo that is used for various sports including rugby union, rugby league, soccer and greyhound racing.
Ultimo is well-served by public transport. Central railway station is at the southern border of the suburb, on the opposite side of Broadway. The Dulwich Hill Line of Sydney's light rail network has stations at the eastern edge of the suburb, where Ultimo borders Darling Harbour. Many buses travel along Broadway.
A distinctive landmark in Ultimo is the former railway viaduct that now carries the light rail through Wentworth Park. The viaduct was built in 1922 and consists primarily of twenty-three brick arches. It is considered "an outstanding example of engineering brickwork" and is listed on the Register of the National Estate.
The Goods Line is a park and pedestrian pathway utilising a section of the railway line not used by the light rail.
At the 2016 census, it had a population of 8,845 of which 82.4% were born overseas. The 2001 census recorded a population of 4,054, 46% of whom were born overseas. Its proximity to Chinatown means that it has historically had a large Chinese population. In 2016, the most common ancestries in Ultimo were Chinese 36.6%, English 8.4%, Australian 5.8%, Thai 4.3% and Korean 3.3%.
In Ultimo, 17.6% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 29.8%, Thailand 5.0%, South Korea 3.5%, Indonesia 3.1% and India 2.4%. 23.7% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 28.1%, Cantonese 7.0%, Thai 5.0%, Korean 3.2% and Indonesian 2.5%. The most common response for religion was No Religion at 49.9%.
In 2016, 90.6% of residences were flats and 8.2% were semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.
In common with other inner suburbs such as Surry Hills, Ultimo still has some of the oldest examples of Victorian terraces. Despite slum clearance and redevelopment during the 20th century, many fine examples exist which, as in other inner Sydney suburbs, have been progressively 'gentrified' in recent times.
Ultimo is home to the main campus of the University of Technology Sydney and the Sydney Institute of TAFE, the largest TAFE in New South Wales. International Grammar School is located near the western boundary. Ultimo Public School is bounded by Jones Street, Wattle Street and Quarry Street.
Dr Chau Chak Wing Building, Ultimo Road
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ultimo (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- From heaven to hell in one easy walk – National – www.smh.com.au
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 257
- Matthews, Michael R. Pyrmont & Ultimo a History (1982)
- "List of green bans, 1971–1974". libcom.org. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
- "Ultimo Road Railway Underbridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01062. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Ultimo Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00502. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Substation". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00934. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Sewage Pumping Station 1". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01336. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/40