A cholecystostomy or cholecystotomy is a procedure where a stoma is created in the gallbladder, which can facilitate placement of a tube for drainage, first performed by American surgeon, Dr. John Stough Bobbs, in 1867. It is sometimes used in cases of cholecystitis where the person is ill, and there is a need to delay or defer cholecystectomy. The first endoscopic cholecystostomy was performed by Drs. Todd Baron and Mark Topazian in 2007 using ultrasound guidance to puncture the stomach wall and place a plastic biliary catheter for gallbladder drainage. 
- Kelly, Howard A.; Burrage, Walter L., eds. (1920). "Bobbs, John Stough". American Medical Biographies. Baltimore: The Norman, Remington Company.
- Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Vol. 12. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press. Aug 1901. p. 249.
- Bakkaloglu H, Yanar H, Guloglu R, et al. (November 2006). "Ultrasound guided percutaneous cholecystostomy in high-risk patients for surgical intervention". World J. Gastroenterol. 12 (44): 7179–82. PMID 17131483.
- Baron TH, Topazian MD, et al. (April 2007). "Endoscopic transduodenal drainage of the gallbladder: implications for endoluminal treatment of gallbladder disease". Gastrointest Endosc. 65 (4): 735–7. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2006.07.041. PMID 17141230.
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