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PIC 0007 gastrostomie.jpg

Gastrostomy is the creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastric decompression. Typically this would include an incision in the patient's epigastrium as part of a formal operation. It can be performed through surgical approach, percutaneous approach by interventional radiology, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or percutaneous ultrasound gastrostomy (PUG).[1]

The opening may be used for feeding, such as with a gastrostomy tube.


The Stamm gastrostomy is an open technique,[2] requiring an upper midline laparotomy and gastrotomy, with the catheter brought out in the left hypochondrium. It was first devised in 1894 by the American Gastric Surgeon, Martin Stamm (1847–1918), who was educated greatly in surgery when he visited Germany.[3][circular reference]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gentry Wilkerson, R.; Pustavoitau, Aliaksei; Carolan, Howard; Benner, Nolan; Fischer, Clark; Sheets, Daniel J.; Wang, Peggy I.; Tropello, Steven (2019-06-01). "Percutaneous Ultrasound Gastrostomy: A Novel Device and Bedside Procedure for Gastrostomy Tube Insertion Using Magnetic and Ultrasound Guidance". Journal of Medical Devices. 13 (2): 024501. doi:10.1115/1.4042866. ISSN 1932-6181. S2CID 115288545.
  2. ^ P C Shellito; R A Malt (1985). "Tube gastrostomy. Techniques and complications". Annals of Surgery. 201 (2): 180–185. doi:10.1097/00000658-198502000-00008. PMC 1250638. PMID 3918515.
  3. ^ de:Martin Stamm