This article does not cite any sources. (May 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Cine-Kodak was the first 16mm camera, introduced in 1923. The first prototype was a leather covered rectangular wooden box, which evolved into a final cast aluminum box approximately 8.5" by 5" by 3", and was cranked by hand at two turns per second to achieve the necessary 16 frames per second. Hand cranking meant that a tripod was essential to achieve a steady image. The camera was equipped with a fixed 1-inch (25mm) lens. Early in 1924 a battery-powered electric motor attachment was introduced, but discontinued in 1926, at which time an improved version of the camera with an interchangeable f/1.9 lens was introduced. The only additional lens offered was a 78mm f/4.5 telephoto. With the discontinuation of the motor, additional crank accessories were introduced: one for single frames, and one with a 4:1 gear ratio for slow motion work. In 1925, Kodak followed with a spring motor-driven Cine-Kodak Model B, at which time the original Cine-Kodak was re-designated as Model A, though that designation was not added to the camera nameplate until November 1929. Production of Model A ceased in 1930; the Model B in 1931.
Later 16mm Models
In 1929, a Model BB for 50-ft reels and an additional 8 frames/second speed was introduced, followed by the Model K in 1930, which was an enlarged BB for 100-ft reels. The Model K was joined briefly by a stripped-down Model M, but the latter camera did not sell well since it lacked some of the very features that made the Model K appealing. In 1933, the Cine-Kodak Special was introduced for advanced amateur and semi-professional work, and quickly became popular with professionals for its vast range of capabilities. Later in the 1930's a new universal Kodak S-mount was introduced with this camera.The Cine-Kodak Special II was introduced in 1948 with a diverging turret to allow for mounting a longer second lens without interfering with the field of view of the shorter focal length, but was otherwise unchanged from the Special. The Special was discontinued in the early 1960s, although a Reflex Special was available until the late 60s.
In 1937, the Model E was introduced with a shape similar to the later Pathe Webo camera and provided slow motion speeds and an internal viewfinder instead of the open frame types used hitherto. The final 16mm spool loading Cine-Kodak the K100 arrived in 1956 with both turret and non-turret versions.
The mid-1930s saw the beginning of a line of magazine-loading cameras, the Magazine Cine-Kodaks, made initially in Kodak's Nagel Works in Germany. The 16mm Cine-Kodaks were well-made, long-lived cameras. Most have double claws and double sprockets and hence require double perf (2R) film in unmodified form. The exceptions are both the Specials and K100 models that were designed for single perf (1R) film, which allowed for the addition of sound tracks.
The Cine-Kodak brand was also applied to the double run 8mm cameras introduced by Kodak in 1932 beginning with the Eight Twenty model.