The Cisco Kid
The Cisco Kid is a fictional character found in numerous film, radio, television and comic book series based on the fictional Western character created by O. Henry in his 1907 short story "The Caballero's Way", published in the collection Heart of the West. In movies and television, the Kid was depicted as a heroic Mexican caballero, even though he was originally a cruel outlaw.
"The Caballero's Way" (short story)
In O. Henry's original story, the character is a 25-year-old desperado in the Texas-Mexico border country who bears little resemblance to later interpretations of the character. He kills for sport and is responsible for at least eighteen deaths. His real name is possibly Goodall ("This hombre they call the Kid—Goodall is his name, ain't it?"); no first name is given in the story. The Kid's mixed-ancestry girlfriend, Tonia Perez, both fears and loves him. When Texas Ranger Lieutenant Sandridge arrives at her home, seeking news of the Cisco Kid, they fall in love. Sandridge begins visiting twice a week. Eventually the Kid visits Tonia's house and finds them together:
Ten yards from his hiding-place, in the shade of the jacal, sat his Tonia calmly plaiting a rawhide lariat. So far she might surely escape condemnation; women have been known, from time to time, to engage in more mischievous occupations. But if all must be told, there is to be added that her head reposed against the broad and comfortable chest of a tall red-and-yellow man, and that his arm was about her, guiding her nimble small fingers that required so many lessons at the intricate six-strand plait.
He overhears Tonia tell Sandridge that she heard the Kid was in the area, and that she assumes the Kid will visit her soon. She says she will send Sandridge word of the Kid's whereabouts by Gregorio, "the small son of old Luisa," in time for Sandridge to ride off with a posse, find the Kid and kill him. Sandridge departs and shortly the Kid appears, pretending he has just arrived. The Kid sends a message to Sandridge through Domingo Sales, who claims that Gregorio is "too ill of a fever to ride". The message says that the Kid has arrived and explains that the Kid has exchanged clothes with Tonia to foil pursuers. Sandridge returns to Tonia's home and sees two figures in the moonlight: one in men's clothing and the other in women's. The one in men's clothing rides away. Assuming this to be Tonia, Sandridge ambushes and shoots the remaining figure. The victim is Tonia, the Kid having tricked Sandridge into killing his girlfriend.
Numerous movies featured the character, beginning in the silent film era with The Caballero's Way (1914). There is a discrepancy as to who actually played the part of the Cisco Kid. In the cemetery records[clarification needed] of Stanley Herbert Dunn it states that he played the part, but at IMDb.com[unreliable source?] it states that William Robert Dunn played the part.
For his portrayal of the Kid in the early sound film In Old Arizona (1928), Warner Baxter won the second Best Actor Oscar. This film was a revised version of the original story, in which the Kid is portrayed in a positive light. It was directed by Irving Cummings and Raoul Walsh, who was originally slated to play the lead until a jackrabbit jumping through a windshield cost him an eye while on location. In 1931, Fox Film Corporation produced a sound version with Baxter, Conchita Montenegro, and Edmund Lowe.
The movie series began with The Return of the Cisco Kid (1939), featuring Baxter in the title role with Cesar Romero as his sidekick, Lopez, Chris-Pin Martin as the other sidekick, Gordito ("Fatty"), Lynn Bari as his mistaken love interest, Ann Carver, Henry Hull as her wayward grandfather, and Ward Bond in the lowest-billed role as "Tough", whose one scene shows him beaten into unconsciousness by the unscrupulous Sheriff McNally (Robert Barrat).
Romero took over the lead role of Cisco and Martin continued to play Gordito in six further films before the series was suspended with America's entry into World War II in 1941. Duncan Renaldo took over the reins as the Kid when Monogram Pictures revived the series in 1945 with The Cisco Kid Returns, which also introduced the Kid's best-known sidekick, Pancho, played by Martin Garralaga. Pancho also became established as his sidekick in other media. Neither Gordito nor Pancho is in the original story. After three Renaldo/Cisco films, Gilbert Roland played the character in a half-dozen 1946-1947 movies beginning with The Gay Cavalier (1946). Renaldo then returned to the role with Leo Carrillo as Pancho. They made five films, with Renaldo assuming the flowery "Cisco" outfit in the final film. He would wear that throughout the TV series that followed.
List of movies
The Cisco Kid came to radio October 2, 1942, with Jackson Beck in the title role and Louis Sorin as Pancho. With Vicki Vola and Bryna Raeburn in supporting roles and Michael Rye announcing, this weekly series continued on Mutual until February 14, 1945. It was followed by a thrice weekly series on a Mutual-Don Lee regional network in 1946, starring Jack Mather and Harry Lang, who continued to head the cast in the syndicated radio series of more than 600 episodes from 1947 to 1956.
The radio episodes ended with one or the other of them making a corny joke about the adventure they had just completed. They would laugh, saying, "'oh, Pancho!" "'oh, Cisco!", before galloping off, while laughing.
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Television series and movies
The TV episodes and the 1994 movie, like the radio series, ended with one or the other of them making a corny joke about the adventure they had just completed. They would laugh, saying, "'O, Pancho!" "'O, Cisco!", before galloping off, while laughing, into the sunset. Spanish-styled Western theme music was heard as the credits rolled. Throughout the TV series, Pancho addressed Renaldo as "Cisco" - although that is the name of a town near Abilene, Texas, and the character's real name is never mentioned - and others (mostly Anglo characters) refer to him as "the Kid" (Renaldo was 46 years old when the TV series began). Although both Pancho and Cisco are clearly identifiable as Mexicans, throughout the entire series they spoke to each other in English, with Pancho speaking a thickly accented and very tortured English, as if the two of the them were not both fluent and comfortable in Spanish.
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References in movies and television
In the 1986 movie Stand by Me, Chris asks Gordie about the Cisco Kid when referring to a pistol.
In the 1989 film Creepshow 2, The Cisco Kid is playing in the background during the "Old Chief Wood'nhead" story. In the story, "The Raft", Randy and Deke call each other by the nicknames "Pancho" and "Cisco", respectively.
In Barry Gifford's 1990 novel Wild at Heart, and the film of the same name by David Lynch, Sailor imparts advice to his young son: "If ever somethin' don't feel right to you, remember what Pancho said to the Cisco Kid: 'Let's went, before we are dancing at the end of a rope, without music.'"
The television series Hill Street Blues briefly featured a recurring character named Alan Bradford (portrayed by Martin Ferrero). In Bradford's first appearance, episode #58, "Here's Adventure, Here's Romance" (the announcer's first lines in the opening of the Cisco Kid television series), he was arrested while wearing western garb and stealing a horse. In an unusual twist, his delusion was not that he was the fictional Cisco Kid, but that he was the real-life actor Duncan Renaldo playing the Cisco Kid. He misidentified Hill Street supporting character Ray Calletano (portrayed by René Enríquez) as Cisco Kid actor Leo Carrillo, who'd played Pancho.
In the season five finale of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, it is revealed that Nick Stokes' father's nickname for him is "Pancho", and he in turn calls his father "Cisco". His boss, Gil Grissom, later uses the "Pancho" nickname to calm Nick down while they are trying to rescue him from a coffin that has been rigged with explosives.
In episode six of season five of Big Love, Lois Henrickson (played by Grace Zabriskie) mentions to her husband that she listened to The Cisco Kid earlier in her life. She recalls how every episode ended.
- Cisco Kid Comics, a one-shot comic book by Baily Publishing, appeared on newsstands in 1944.
- Dell Comics published 41 issues of The Cisco Kid from 1950 to 1958.
- Jose Luis Salinas and Rod Reed drew the Cisco Kid comic strip, syndicated from 1951 to 1967.
- Moonstone Books has, as of 2009, published six graphic novels about the Kid.
- Nash Candelaria's 1988 short-story collection is entitled The Day the Cisco Kid Shot John Wayne.
- In Stephen King's short story "The Raft", Pancho and Cisco are the nicknames used by the two ill-fated friends stranded on the raft.
- Dennis "Cisco" Wojciechowski, Mickey Haller's private investigator in The Brass Verdict and The Fifth Witness was nicknamed Cisco in honor of the Cisco Kid while he was affiliated with the Road Saints motorcycle gang.
- In Mark Lindsay's song "Arizona" (from the 1970 album Arizona), the title character of the song hangs up a poster of Pancho and Cisco.
- Elvis Presley, during his early 1971 concerts, used to wear a jumpsuit he referred to as "The Cisco Kid". The suit is featured on the cover of his 1972 Grammy-winning gospel album He Touched Me.
- War's song "The Cisco Kid" (from The World Is a Ghetto, 1972) reached number two on the US pop charts; the song also appeared on their 2008 Greatest Hits Live.
- Fat Larry's Band recorded a semi-humorous song, "Hey Pancho it's Disco" (from Lookin' for Love 1979), which takes Pancho's perspective as he copes with Cisco changing his name to "Disco".
- Sublime's "Cisco Kid" (from Robbin' the Hood, 1994) samples sounds from the radio show.
- Deep Purple's "Hey Cisco" (from Purpendicular, 1996) is loosely based on the radio show's characters.
- Rage Against the Machine's 1996 song "Without A Face" (from Evil Empire) references the Kid.
- In Don Williams's 1998 song "Pancho" (from I Turn the Page), the Kid mournfully reflects on their friendship that has ended.
- Willie Nelson and Los Lonely Boys covered War's song on the 2004 album Outlaws and Angels.
- Cypress Hill, featuring Method Man and Redman, sample War's version of the song in their song "Cisco Kid", on the soundtrack to the 2001 film How High.
- Tortoise covered Don Williams's song "Pancho" on their 2006 album The Brave and the Bold.
- Lil Rob sampled War's song on his mixtape Uncut for the Calles: Mextape Vol. Uno (2007).
The names Pancho and Cisco
"Cisco" and "Pancho" are both nicknames given to men whose name in Spanish is Francisco, which in English is "Francis." The real name of the famous Mexican revolutionary general Pancho Villa was Doroteo Arango, but it is not clear whether either Cisco or Pancho were originally named after Villa.
- p.19 Osbourne, Robert C. Academy Awards Illustrated 1969 Abe Books
- Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. Pp. 155-156.
- At 26:49 on OTRWesterns.com you will hear the exact quote from the radio series.
- "'Cisco Kid' for TV Via Pact With Ziv", Billboard, Sept. 24, 1949, p. 47. Commercial color television broadcasting began in 1951, but a non-network program such as The Cisco Kid could not have been shown in color on local stations before 1954.
- Moonstone Books, accessed 12 August 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Cisco Kid.|
- Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs: The Cisco Kid
- Radio Archive Free Stream: The Cisco Kid
- O. Henry's "The Caballero's Way" (full text)
- The Cisco Kid at the American Film Institute Catalog
- The Cisco Kid TV Episode Guide
- "The Cisco Kid" TV series (1950-1956) at Internet Movie Database
- Zoot Radio, free old time radio show downloads of 'The Cisco Kid.'