Clarington

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Clarington
Municipality (lower-tier)
Municipality of Clarington
The town centre of Bowmanville, Clarington's largest community
The town centre of Bowmanville, Clarington's largest community
Coat of arms of Clarington
Coat of arms
Official logo of Clarington
Logo
Motto(s): "Wisdom Knowledge and Trust"
Location of Clarington within Southern Ontario
Location of Clarington within Southern Ontario
Clarington is located in Southern Ontario
Clarington
Clarington
Location of Clarington within Southern Ontario
Coordinates: 43°56′6″N 78°36′30″W / 43.93500°N 78.60833°W / 43.93500; -78.60833Coordinates: 43°56′6″N 78°36′30″W / 43.93500°N 78.60833°W / 43.93500; -78.60833
Country Canada
Province Ontario
RegionDurham Region
Established1974
Government
 • MayorAdrian Foster
 • Governing bodyClarington Council
 • MPErin O'Toole (Durham)
Kim Rudd (Northumberland - Peterborough South)
 • MPPLindsey Park (Durham)
David Piccini (Northumberland - Peterborough South)
Area[1]
 • Total611.3 km2 (236.0 sq mi)
Elevation106 m (348 ft)
Population (2016)[2]
 • Total92,013 (Ranked 61st)
 • Density138.3/km2 (358/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
Websitewww.clarington.net

Clarington (2016 population 92,013[2]) is a lower-tier municipality in the Regional Municipality of Durham in Ontario, Canada. It was incorporated in 1973 as the town of Newcastle with the merging of the town of Bowmanville and the townships of Clarke and Darlington. In 1994, the town was renamed Clarington, a portmanteau of the names of the two former townships. Bowmanville is the largest community in the municipality and is the home of the municipal offices.

Clarington is part of the Oshawa census metropolitan area in the eastern end of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Major employers in Clarington include the Darlington Nuclear Generating Station, General Motors Canada, and several medium to large-sized manufacturing businesses. Most residents commute for work in Durham Region or Toronto.[3]

Clarington was a candidate location to host ITER in 2001, but the bid was withdrawn two years later.[4]

Local Government[edit]

Clarington is governed by an elected municipal council consisting of a mayor, and local councillors representing each of the municipality's four wards. In addition, two regional councillors each represent a pair of wards. The mayor and the regional councillors sit on both Clarington Council and Durham Region Council.

The current council was elected on October 22, 2018.

Position Name
Mayor Adrian Foster
Regional Councillor, Wards 1 & 2 Joe Neal
Regional Councillor, Wards 3 & 4 Granville Anderson
Local Councillor, Ward 1 Janice Jones
Local Councillor, Ward 2 Ron Hooper
Local Councillor, Ward 3 Corinna Traill
Local Councillor, Ward 4 Margaret Zwart

Demographics[edit]

Clarington Demographics[5]

According to the Canada 2011 Census from Statistics Canada there were 84,548 people living in Clarington, and its population in 2006 was 77,820, representing an increase of 8.6%. The 2011 Census counted 30,797 housing units and 29,880 being occupied.

2011 Census data[6] show that Clarington has one of the highest proportions of residents that have English as their mother tongue within the GTA (91.2%). French is the native language for 1.8% of the population of Clarington. No other language has more than 1% of native speakers (Dutch with 0.8% - 695 native speakers - tops the pack of immigrant languages).

Climate[edit]

Environment Canada operates a weather station in Bowmanville. Under the Köppen climate classification Bowmanville has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.[7] Unlike many other locations on similar latitudes on the eastern half of the North American continent the winters are relatively mild, with cold extremes being moderated by the proximity to Lake Ontario. In spite of this the average low is around −10 °C (14 °F) in January. Summers are normally moderately warm with averages of around 26 °C (79 °F) during the day but with nights cooling off rapidly to fall below 15 °C (59 °F) on many occasions.


Communities[edit]

A till cliff, Lake Ontario shoreline.
Bowmanville limestone quarry and cement factory.

The municipality consists of several urban communities, including:

Rural communities include:

Canadian Tire Motorsport Park[edit]

A major attraction in the municipality is the Canadian Tire Motorsport Park (formerly Mosport Park), a multi-track facility located north of Bowmanville that features a 2.459-mile (4.0 km), 10-turn road course; a half-mile paved oval; a 2.4 km advanced driver and race driver training facility and a 1.4 km kart track (Mosport International Karting). It was also a host of the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One before the event was moved to a circuit in Montreal in the 1970s.

Canadian Tire Motorsport Park (CTMP) was also the location of three major music festivals held between 1970 and 1980. The Strawberry Fields Festival held August 7–9, 1970 featured Alice Cooper, Jethro Tull, Grand Funk Railroad, Procol Harum, Ten Years After, Lighthouse, Crowbar and Sly and the Family Stone. John Lennon was to be the headline act, bidding to gain exposure for his peace campaign, but after months of planning he backed out due to differences with the show's promoter. However, the event still used the title of The Beatles' 1967 single of the same name. Led Zeppelin were booked to play but also backed out.

Canada Jam was held August 26, 1978 and the Heatwave Festival was held August 23, 1980.

CTMP was home to Republic Live's Boots and Hearts Music Festival, which first opened in the summer of 2012. In 2015, the event was abruptly moved to Burl's Creek Event Grounds, near Barrie.[9]

Durham York Energy Centre[edit]

Clarington is home a 20 MW energy-from-waste (EFW) generation unit that opened in early 2016 that will take waste (140000 tonnes per year) for Durham and York Regions to burn to generate electricity.[10]

Co-developed by Durham and York Region[11] costed $295 million Canadian to build[10] was built (and operated) by American-based Covanta.[10] The unit will sell and send electricity onto Hydro One's distribution network.

Attractions[edit]

Clarington is home to five Christmas parades. It has more Santa Claus/Christmas parades than any other town-sized municipality in Canada. The parades are run in: Bowmanville, Newcastle, Courtice, Orono, and Enniskillen/Tyrone. The latter parade is organized by "T.H.E.E. Farmer's Parade of Lights", which is a special Christmas parade put on by the farmers from the communities of Tyrone, Haydon, Enniskillen and Enfield.

Enniskillen which is located in the northern part of Clarington, was the birthplace of Samuel McLaughlin. Mr. McLaughlin started the McLaughlin Motor Car Co. in 1904 and was one of the first major automobile manufacturers in Canada, which evolved into General Motors of Canada. Enniskillen is home to the Enniskillen General Store which opened in 1840 and stills operates today.

Clarington was home to the Bowmanville Zoo, until its closure in 2016.[12] The Clarington Family Outdoor Adventure Park has since opened on the same property as the former Bowmanville Zoo, under the same ownership.[13]

Clarington is home to Jungle Cat World.

Clarington Museums & Archives is the local museum in the municipality.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Clarington, Municipality Ontario (Census Subdivision)". Census Profile, Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  2. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference 2016census was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Data Management Group (2006). "Municipality of Clarington, 2006 Statistics" (PDF). Travel Survey Summaries for the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area. University of Toronto. Retrieved 25 September 2012. For trips from Clarington, 6% go to Pickering, 5% to Ajax, 12% to Whitby, 40% to Oshawa and 15% to Toronto, for a total of 78%.
  4. ^ McCabe, Heather (August 3, 2000). "France may bid for fusion reactor". Nature. 406 (6795): 447. doi:10.1038/35020229. Retrieved March 13, 2009.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2013-05-16.
  6. ^ [1], Census Profile for the Census Subvision of Clarington (Municipality), Ontario, Statistics Canada
  7. ^ "Bowmanville, Ontario Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Bowmanville Mostert". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  9. ^ Andrews, Brad. "Boots and Hearts leaving Clarington 'great loss to the region'". DurhamRegion.com. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Durham Region gives incinerator green light - The Star". thestar.com. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  11. ^ "The Ontario Power Authority has merged with the Independent Electricity System Operator". www.powerauthority.on.ca. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  12. ^ Farooqui, Salmaan. "Bowmanville Zoo closes for good after animal abuse claims against director". Toronto Star. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  13. ^ Calis, Kristen. "Outdoor fun park opens at former Bowmanville Zoo". Durham Region News. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  14. ^ "Clarington Museums & Archives". Clarington Museums & Archives. Retrieved 2018-08-07.

External links[edit]