Angola colobus

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Angola colobus[1]
Colobus angolensis.jpg
Ruwenzori colobus (Colobus angolensis subsp. ruwenzori)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Colobus
Species:
C. angolensis
Binomial name
Colobus angolensis
Subspecies
See text
Angola Colobus area.png
Angola colobus range

The Angola colobus (Colobus angolensis), Angolan black-and-white colobus or Angolan colobus, is a primate species of Old World monkey belonging to the genus Colobus.

Taxonomy[edit]

There are six recognized subspecies and one undescribed subspecies from the Mahale Mountains in Tanzania:[1]

  • Angola colobus, Colobus angolensis
    • Sclater's Angola colobus, C. a. subsp. angolensis
    • Powell-Cotton's Angola colobus, C. a. subsp. cottoni
    • Ruwenzori colobus C. a. subsp. ruwenzori[3] (Friedrichs)
    • Cordier's Angola colobus, C. a. subsp. cordieri
    • Prigogine's Angola colobus, C. a. subsp. prigoginei
    • Peters Angola colobus or Tanzanian black-and-white colobus, C. a. subsp. palliatus

Physical characteristics[edit]

Tanzanian black-and-white colobus (Colobus angolensis subsp. palliatus) in Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania

Like all black-and-white colobi, the Angola colobus has black fur and a black face, surrounded by long, white locks of hair. It also has a mantle of white hair on the shoulders. The long, thin tail can be either black or white, but the tip is always white. There is a significant regional variation in the total amount of white on the body and the length of the fur. Animals that live in the mountains have longer, thicker fur than animals from the lowlands to protect them against the cold.

The Angola colobus has a head-body length of 50 to 70 cm, with the males usually being larger than females. The tail is about 75 cm long, and the body weight varies between 9 and 20 kg.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Angola colobus occurs in dense rainforests, both in the lowlands and coastal mountains. It lives in most of the Congo Basin, to the south and northeast of the Congo River, as far as Ruwenzori, Burundi and southwestern Uganda. The species can also be found in East Africa, especially in the montane and coastal forests of Kenya and Tanzania and in isolated mountain areas. Although the species is named after Angola, it is quite rare in that country. Of all Colobus species, the Angola colobus occurs in the southernmost latitudes. The geographical range lies south of that of the mantled guereza. It is found up to 2,415 m above sea level in Kenya.[4]

Diet[edit]

The diet of the Angola colobus consists of about two thirds of leaves and one third of fruit and seeds. The East Tanzanian population lives mainly on ripe fruit, supplemented with full-grown leaves.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Kingdon, J.; Struhsaker, T.; Oates, J. F.; Hart, J. F.; Butynski, T. M.; De Jong, Y. & Groves, C. P. (2008). "Colobus angolensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T5142A11116129. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T5142A11116129.en. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  3. ^ Philip Briggs; Janice Booth. Rwanda. ISBN 978-1-84162-306-1.
  4. ^ Anderson, J.; Cowlishaw, G.; Rowcliffe, J. M. (2007). "Effects of forest fragmentation on the abundance of Colobus angolensis palliatus in Kenya's coastal forests" (PDF). International Journal of Primatology. 28 (3): 637. doi:10.1007/s10764-007-9143-7.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]