Columbia (1899 yacht)
Columbia vs. Shamrock, 1899.
|Yacht club||New York Yacht Club|
|Designer(s)||Nathanael Greene Herreshoff|
|Builder||Herreshoff Manufacturing Company|
|Launched||June 10, 1899|
|Owner(s)||J. Pierpont Morgan and Edwin Dennison Morgan|
|Fate||Broken up in 1913|
|America's Cup||1899, 1901|
|Length||40.15 m (131.7 ft) LOA|
27.25 m (89.4 ft) LWL
|Beam||7.39 m (24.2 ft)|
|Draft||5.97 m (19.6 ft)|
|Sail area||1,189 m2 (12,800 sq ft)|
Columbia was an American racing yacht built in 1899 for the America's Cup races. She was the defender of the tenth America's Cup race that same year against British challenger Shamrock  as well as the defender of the eleventh America's Cup race in 1901 against British challenger Shamrock II. She was the first vessel to win the trophy twice in a row (a record not equaled until Intrepid's back-to-back wins in 1967 and 1970.)
Columbia, a fin keel sloop, was designed and built in 1898-9 by Nathanael Herreshoff and the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company for owners J. Pierpont Morgan and Edwin Dennison Morgan of the New York Yacht Club. She was the third successful defender built by Herreshoff.
Columbia was launched on June 10, 1899. She easily won the elimination trials against the rebuilt former defender, Defender. Skippered by Charlie Barr, she won all three races against the British challenger, Shamrock, in the 1899 America's Cup. Notably, Hope Goddard Iselin was the only female on the crew, serving as afterguard.
Columbia was selected again in 1901 to defend the Cup, and again under the command of Charlie Barr, won all three races against Shamrock II.
- "Columbia winning the cup". LibraryOfCongress. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
- "America's Cup yacht: Columbia 1899 and 1901". Fine Rare Prints Antique Prints and Maps. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "America's Cup Defenders & Challengers 1851-2017". www.americascup.com. 2018.
- "Herreshoff, Nathanael - 2011 Hall of Fame". www.nshof.org. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "Herreshoff, Capt'n Nat (1848-1938) USA". america-scoop.com. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "Image 3 of New York journal and advertiser (New York [N.Y.]), June 12, 1899". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "COLUMBIA'S STORY". www.america-scoop.com. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "Racing yacht queen now mass of junk". Evening Public Ledger. Philadelphia, PA. August 10, 1915. p. 3.
- America's Cup's Ac-clopaedia
- The 19th Century Yacht Photography of J.S. Johnston
- Hope Iselin - 32nd America's Cup
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