Contraband (1940 film)
poster from trade screening 20 March 1940
|Directed by||Michael Powell|
|Produced by||John Corfield|
|Written by||Story & Screenplay:
|Music by||Richard Addinsell
|Edited by||John Seabourne|
|11 May 1940 (UK)
29 November (US)
|92 minutes (UK)
80 minutes (US)
|Box office||1,385,365 admissions (France)|
Contraband (1940) is a wartime spy film by the British director-writer team of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, which reteamed stars Conrad Veidt and Valerie Hobson after their success in The Spy in Black the previous year. Veidt plays a hero, something he did not do very often. There is also an early uncredited performance by Leo Genn.
The title of the film in the United States was Blackout. Powell is quoted in his autobiography, A Life in Movies, as saying that the US renaming was a better title and he wished he had thought of it.
It is November 1939: the Phoney War-stage of the Second World War. Denmark is still neutral, but Danish Captain Andersen (Conrad Veidt) and his freighter Helvig are stopped in the English Channel by Lieutenant Commanders Ashton and Ellis for a cargo inspection in a British Contraband Control Port.
He receives two shore passes for himself and First Officer Axel Skold (Hay Petrie) to dine with Ashton and Ellis, but the passes (and Helvig 's motorboat) are stolen by passengers Mrs. Sorensen (Valerie Hobson) and talent scout Mr. Pidgeon (Esmond Knight). From a cut-out newspaper train schedule, Andersen is able to figure out they are taking a train to London and catches up with them, but when the train arrives in the blacked-out metropolis, he is only able to hold on to Sorensen.
He invites her to dine at the restaurant of Skold's brother Erik (also Hay Petrie). Then she takes him to the home of her aunt, where they are captured by a Nazi spy ring led by Van Dyne (Raymond Lovell), a man Sorensen has already had unpleasant dealings with in Düsseldorf, Germany. Van Dyne knows Sorensen and Pidgeon are British agents. Van Dyne finds a message hidden on one of Sorensen's cigarette papers, identifying her as "M47" and listing the names of neutral ships which two German vessels are traveling. He decides to replace one of the names with that of an American ship to cause trouble, the United States being neutral at this time. Sorensen and Andersen are tied up, but the captain manages to escape. He brings back reinforcements in the form of Erik Skold's staff and is able to free Sorensen and knock out Van Dyne. With everything cleared up, Andersen and Sorensen resume their sea voyage.
- Leo Genn and Peter Bull as two of Van Dyne's associates
- Milo O'Shea made his film debut, in the uncredited role of an air raid warden.
- Also making their screen debut were director Michael Powell's golden cocker spaniels, Erik and Spangle, who went on to appear in the Powell and Pressburger films The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943), I Know Where I'm Going! (1945) and A Matter of Life and Death, also known as Stairway to Heaven (1946).
Contraband was intended as a followup to Powell and Pressburger's The Spy in Black, which was filmed at the end of 1938, but was not released by Alexander Korda for almost a year. The current film was in production from 16 December 1939 through 27 January 1940  at Denham Film Studios, with location shooting in London at Chester Square in Belgravia, and in Ramsgate in Kent.
It is "A neat Second World War espionage thriller that depicts a London crawling with spies", according to Radio Times.
Dennis Schwartz of Ozus' World Movie Reviews had mixed feelings, giving it a grade of B-. "The brisk pace and its added touches of quaintness, made the film endearing inspite [sic] of the lack of any character study and the one-dimensional tone of the villains." However, he wondered "how much better a more romantically inclined hero would have fared in his [Veidt's] role."
- Box office information for France in 1945 at Box Office Story
- Milo O'Shea at the Internet Movie Database
- Erik at the Internet Movie Database, Spangle at the Internet Movie Database
- Eder, Bruce Review (Allmovie)
- IMDb Box office/business
- IMDb Filming locations
- Kent Film Office. "Kent Film Office Contraband Article".
- "Contraband: Review". TV Guide.
- Dennis Schwartz (25 September 1999). "It was strange to see Veidt in a romantic hero role.". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Contraband reviews and articles at the Powell & Pressburger Pages
- Contraband at the Internet Movie Database
- Contraband at the TCM Movie Database
- Contraband at AllMovie
- Contraband at the British Film Institute's Screenonline. Full synopsis and film stills (and clips viewable from UK libraries).