Cortes Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cortes Island, British Columbia)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cortes Island
Locmap-CortesIsland.png
Cortes Island is located at the northern end of the Strait of Georgia.
Geography
LocationStrait of Georgia
Coordinates50°07′N 124°58′W / 50.117°N 124.967°W / 50.117; -124.967
ArchipelagoDiscovery Islands
Area130 km2 (50 sq mi)
Length25 km (15.5 mi)
Width13 km (8.1 mi)
Administration
Demographics
Population1,035 (2016[1])
Ethnic groupsWei We Kai, Kwiakah, Homalco and Klahoose First Nations

Cortes Island is an island in the Discovery Islands archipelago on the coast of British Columbia, Canada. The island is 25 km (15.5 mi) long, 13 km (8.1 mi) wide, and 130 km2 (50 sq mi) in area. It has a population of 1,035 permanent residents (2016 census).[1] Cortes Island lies within Electoral Area B of the Strathcona Regional District,[2] which provides water and sewerage systems, fire protection, land use planning, parks, recreation, and emergency response.[3]

Cortes Island is in the Sunshine Coast Forest District and the Vancouver Island Ministry of Environment's Vancouver Island Region. It is part of the North Island Provincial Electoral District.[4] The Campbell River School District operates the Cortes Elementary / Jr. Secondary school on the island. Until 2010 there was also the Linnaea School, a non-traditional school which offered a different approach on education. It was closed due to a lack of students and funding. After the ninth grade, students must either switch to homeschooling or transfer to a school off the island.

Cortes is part of the traditional territories of the We Wai Kai, Kwiakah, Homalco, and Klahoose First Nations, with the office of the Klahoose First Nation located on the island. The island's southern tip is also part of the traditional territory of the Sliammon people.

The island was named in 1792 during the expedition of Galiano and Valdés, presumably after Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conqueror of Mexico.[5]:46[6] Despite the official Cortes spelling, which appeared on Canadian Hydrographic Service Charts, many of the island's early pioneers anglicized the name and referred to the island as Cortez.[7]

Access to Cortes Island is by plane or ferry. By plane through a non-profit private airstrip Cortes Island Aerodrome on the south end of the island, or by seaplane to many of the island's protected harbours; by ferry from Quadra Island, which is itself accessed from Campbell River on Vancouver Island via BC Ferries.

Communities on the island include Cortes Bay, Whaletown, Squirrel Cove and Mansons Landing. Desolation Sound is off the east shore of the island. Forestry, fishing and mining have featured in its history. There is also a campground at Smelt Bay Provincial Park.

Geography[edit]

Cortes Island is part of the archipelago known as the Discovery Islands in British Columbia, Canada, which lie beyond the northern end of the Gulf of Georgia, between Vancouver Island and the British Columbia Mainland. It is also considered to be part of the Northern Gulf Islands. Cortes lies on the far side of Quadra Island from the city of Campbell River, separated from Quadra Island by Sutil Channel. To the northeast of Cortes Island, across Lewis Channel, is West Redonda Island. Desolation Sound lies to the east of Cortes Island and, beyond that, the upper end of the Malaspina Peninsula. The island is located roughly halfway between Powell River and Campbell River.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Cortes Island (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
15.5
(59.9)
19.4
(66.9)
25.0
(77)
31.5
(88.7)
31.1
(88)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
28.5
(83.3)
21.1
(70)
16.0
(60.8)
15.6
(60.1)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
7.0
(44.6)
9.4
(48.9)
12.6
(54.7)
16.6
(61.9)
19.2
(66.6)
22.1
(71.8)
21.9
(71.4)
18.3
(64.9)
12.7
(54.9)
8.0
(46.4)
5.5
(41.9)
13.2
(55.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.6
(40.3)
6.5
(43.7)
9.1
(48.4)
12.7
(54.9)
15.4
(59.7)
17.9
(64.2)
17.9
(64.2)
14.8
(58.6)
10.1
(50.2)
5.9
(42.6)
3.7
(38.7)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
2.2
(36)
3.5
(38.3)
5.6
(42.1)
8.8
(47.8)
11.5
(52.7)
13.6
(56.5)
13.8
(56.8)
11.1
(52)
7.4
(45.3)
3.8
(38.8)
1.8
(35.2)
7.1
(44.8)
Record low °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−11
(12)
−6.1
(21)
−1.1
(30)
1.7
(35.1)
2.8
(37)
5.0
(41)
7.8
(46)
2.2
(36)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11
(12)
−13.9
(7)
−13.9
(7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 172.7
(6.799)
133.2
(5.244)
116.1
(4.571)
90.6
(3.567)
70.2
(2.764)
65.1
(2.563)
50.5
(1.988)
58.8
(2.315)
71.7
(2.823)
150.1
(5.909)
211.9
(8.343)
187.7
(7.39)
1,378.6
(54.276)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 147.9
(5.823)
121.0
(4.764)
110.6
(4.354)
88.6
(3.488)
70.2
(2.764)
65.1
(2.563)
50.5
(1.988)
58.8
(2.315)
71.7
(2.823)
149.6
(5.89)
207.0
(8.15)
167.8
(6.606)
1,308.7
(51.524)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 24.8
(9.76)
12.2
(4.8)
5.5
(2.17)
2.0
(0.79)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.6
(0.24)
4.9
(1.93)
19.9
(7.83)
69.9
(27.52)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19.2 17.3 17.9 16.0 13.7 12.6 8.6 9.2 10.2 16.6 21.3 20.7 183.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 17.3 15.9 17.5 16.0 13.7 12.6 8.6 9.2 10.2 16.6 21.1 18.5 177.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 3.8 2.5 1.7 0.46 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.08 1.2 3.6 13.4
Source: Environment Canada[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada population figures
  2. ^ "Description of Strathcona Regional District Areas' Boundaries". Strathcona Regional District. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  3. ^ "About Us". Strathcona Regional District. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Provincial Electoral Districts, geographic metadata". GeoBC. Retrieved 17 September 2013. Accessed with "iMap 2.0". British Columbia, Geographic Services. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  5. ^ Akrigg, G.P.V.; Akrigg, Helen B. (1969), 1001 British Columbia Place Names (3rd, 1973 ed.), Vancouver: Discovery Press
  6. ^ BC Names entry "Cortes Island"
  7. ^ Cameron, June (1999). Destination Cortez Island: A sailor's life along the BC coast. Surrey, B.C.: Heritage House. p. 11. ISBN 1895811686.
  8. ^ "Cortes Island". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-11-04.

External links[edit]