Campbell River, British Columbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Campbell River
Wiwek̓a̱m
City
City of Campbell River
PanoramicCampbellRiver.jpg
Nickname(s): Salmon Capital of the World.
Campbell River, British Columbia is located in British Columbia
Campbell River, British Columbia
Location in British Columbia
Coordinates: 50°01′28″N 125°14′51″W / 50.02444°N 125.24750°W / 50.02444; -125.24750
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Indigenous Territories Ligwilda'xw
Quakiolth & Queackar Douglas Treaty groups
Region Mid-Island
Regional District Strathcona Regional District
Founded 1855
Incorporated 1947
Government
 • Type Elected city council
 • Mayor Andy Adams
 • MP Rachel Blaney (NDP)
 • MLA Claire Trevena (BC NDP)
Area
 • City 143.12 km2 (55.26 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2016)
 • City 35,138
 • Density 1,143.9/km2 (2,963/sq mi)
 • Metro 36,461
 • Metro density 20.8/km2 (54/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
Forward sortation area V9H, V9W
Area code(s) 250, 778
Highways Highway 19
Highway 19A
Waterways Discovery Passage, Strait of Georgia
Website Official website

Campbell River or Wiwek̓a̱m [1] is a coastal city in British Columbia on the east coast of Vancouver Island at the south end of Discovery Passage, which lies along the important Inside Passage shipping route. Campbell River boasts a population (2016 census) of 35,138 and has long been touted as "the Salmon Capital of the World". Campbell River and Region is in close proximity to the neighboring communities of Quadra and the Discovery Islands, Sayward, Oyster River, Gold River, Tahsis and Zeballos.

History[edit]

The first settlers known in the area were members of the Island Comox and related Coast Salish peoples. During the 18th century a migration of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwak'wala-speaking) people of the Wakashan cultural and linguistic group migrated south from the area of Fort Rupert and established themselves in the Campbell River area, at first enslaving and then absorbing the Comox, and became infamous as raiders of the Coast Salish peoples farther south, known to history as the Euclataws, which is also spelled Yucultas and is a variant on their name for themselves, the Laich-kwil-tach, Lekwiltok or Legwildok. Of this group, also known as the Southern Kwakiutl, there are two subdivisions, the Wekayi or Weiwaikai of the Cape Mudge Indian Band on Quadra Island and the Weiwaikum of the Campbell River Band located in and around the city of Campbell River.

Captain George Vancouver reached Campbell River in 1792 aboard the ships HMS Discovery and HMS Chatham. The channel between Quadra Island and Campbell River is named Discovery Passage after HMS Discovery. The captain and his botanist, Mr Archibald Menzies, discovered a small tribe of 350 natives who spoke the Salish language. A Lekwiltok war party, heavily armed with European rifles, paddled south from Johnstone Strait in the middle of the 19th century and were in control of the area when HMS Plumper came through on a cartography mission under Captain George Henry Richards around 1859. Dr Samuel Campbell was the ship surgeon, and historians believe his name was given to the river by Richards. The community took the name of "Campbell River" when its post office was constructed in 1907.[2] Likewise, the name of HMS Discovery's First Lieutenant Zachary Mudge is preserved in the nearby Cape Mudge.

Sports fishermen travelled to the area as early as the 1880s, especially after the tales from anglers such as Sir Richard Musgrave[3][4] and Sir John Rogers. The formation of the Campbell River Tyee Club in 1924, over concern regarding over-fishing of the salmon stocks, served to popularize the area among fishermen.[5] E.P. Painter, for instance, moved to Campbell River the following year and opened his Painter's Lodge in 1929. Painter's Lodge attracted clientele from Hollywood and regular patrons included Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. Commercial fishing was a large industry for many years. The town's magistrate Roderick Haig-Brown purchased a fishing cabin on Campbell River and wrote a number of books on fly fishing for both sport fishermen and conservationists.

Industrial logging took off in the 1920s with Merrill Ring and Company, Bloedel, Stewart and Welch and Comox Logging. A large forest fire started near Buttle Lake and burned much of the valley in 1938. Rock Bay, Menzies Bay, and Englewood all were big logging camps.

After 1912, Campbell River became a supply point for northern Vancouver Island, Quadra Island and Cortes Island.[6] The E and N Railway was surveyed to Campbell River, yet it only reached Courtenay, forty miles south; in its original conception it would have been the last leg of the transcontinental railway, which had been proposed to run down Bute Inlet after cross the British Columbia Interior, connecting to Vancouver Island just north of Campbell River at Seymour Narrows. After the Second World War, Campbell River became a boom town and industrial centre with the building of the John Hart Dam, Elk Falls pulp mill, and nearby mills in Tahsis and Gold River. Logging and mining in the area prospered. There is a lead zinc mine nearby, and coal mines, while a large copper mine operated to the north.

In recent years Campbell River, about half-way up Vancouver Island, has continued to mark the boundary between the more developed south and the wild and natural areas in the northern part of the island.[7] Local fish hatcheries help to maintain salmon stocks for the fishing industry.[8]

A panoramic picture of Campbell River from the Strait of Georgia

Climate[edit]

Campbell River has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification) Csb. The most precipitation is measured in November, at 231 millimeters (9 in) on average. January tends to see the most snow, 152 millimeters (6 in) on average. In the winter months occasional Arctic bursts from the interior of British Columbia can make their way onto the coast bringing temperatures below freezing. If a Pacific low reaches the coast a large snowfall can occur. Snowfalls in excess of 45 centimetres (16 in) have been recorded in a 24-hour period and the greatest snowfall was 53.3 centimetres (1 ft, 9 in) in 1978.

Climate data for Campbell River Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 13.9 16.1 18.6 28.0 32.4 35.0 40.9 40.0 33.4 27.7 17.9 15.7 40.9
Record high °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
17.5
(63.5)
20.6
(69.1)
28.5
(83.3)
33.2
(91.8)
36.9
(98.4)
37.2
(99)
37.8
(100)
31.6
(88.9)
24.2
(75.6)
17.8
(64)
15.1
(59.2)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.2
(45)
9.7
(49.5)
13.2
(55.8)
17.0
(62.6)
20.1
(68.2)
23.0
(73.4)
23.3
(73.9)
19.8
(67.6)
13.1
(55.6)
7.7
(45.9)
4.9
(40.8)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
3.2
(37.8)
5.2
(41.4)
8.0
(46.4)
11.6
(52.9)
14.7
(58.5)
17.3
(63.1)
17.2
(63)
13.7
(56.7)
8.6
(47.5)
4.4
(39.9)
2.1
(35.8)
9.0
(48.2)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.7
(33.3)
2.8
(37)
6.2
(43.2)
9.3
(48.7)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52)
7.6
(45.7)
4.0
(39.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.3
(39.7)
Record low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−17.8
(0)
−12.8
(9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2.2
(28)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.2
(36)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27)
−9.7
(14.5)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−23.9
(−11)
Record low wind chill −29.7 −23.4 −15.5 −7.6 −3.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 −4.9 −11.8 −26.1 −24.4 −29.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 217.5
(8.563)
149.5
(5.886)
140.0
(5.512)
92.1
(3.626)
68.4
(2.693)
62.9
(2.476)
39.4
(1.551)
44.6
(1.756)
55.2
(2.173)
162.2
(6.386)
231.9
(9.13)
225.7
(8.886)
1,489.3
(58.634)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 194.6
(7.661)
135.5
(5.335)
128.4
(5.055)
91.6
(3.606)
68.4
(2.693)
62.9
(2.476)
39.4
(1.551)
44.6
(1.756)
55.2
(2.173)
161.0
(6.339)
222.1
(8.744)
204.2
(8.039)
1,407.8
(55.425)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 23.3
(9.17)
14.4
(5.67)
11.7
(4.61)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.2
(0.47)
10.5
(4.13)
22.6
(8.9)
84.3
(33.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.8 16.4 19.7 17.1 15.5 13.7 9.4 9.3 9.7 18.4 21.6 21.2 192.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.7 15.0 18.9 17.1 15.5 13.7 9.4 9.3 9.7 18.4 21.0 19.3 185.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 4.3 3.0 2.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.8 4.1 16.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 3pm) 84.9 75.1 67.8 59.6 57.2 57.6 54.4 55.1 59.1 74.0 83.3 86.3 67.9
Source: [9][10]

Demographics[edit]

Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group[11] Chinese 180 0.6%
South Asian 85 0.3%
Black 45 0.2%
Filipino 240 0.8%
Latin American 105 0.4%
Southeast Asian 235 0.8%
Arab 10 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 35 0.1%
Japanese 100 0.3%
Other visible minority 25 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 20 0.1%
Total visible minority population 1,100 3.7%
Aboriginal group[12] First Nations 2,540 8.6%
Métis 1 0%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal group population 2,540 8.6%
European 25,730 87.6%
Total population 29,370 100%

Economy[edit]

Campbell River has a variety of growing industries and small businesses suitable to an oceanside community. As of 2012 the focus of business is directed towards aquaculture, agrifoods, clean energy development, construction, creative industries, forestry, fishing,[13] health care, international education, mining, technology and tourism.[6] While logging continues to be a source of employment in the area,[6] since Elk Falls Mill, one of the largest employers in the area, shut down in 2009. There have been many cases of former mill employees moving away to other places with higher demands for a similar labour force, particularly Fort McMurray, Alberta.

Education[edit]

Public schools are administered by School District 72 Campbell River. North Island College has a campus in Campbell River. Campbell River has recently developed a new international program accepting students from Germany, Austria, and various other countries across Europe, South America and Asia. Along with School District 72, there is also a private K-12 Christian school, this being Campbell River Christian School. The two public high schools are Timberline Secondary School and Carihi Secondary School. Carihi Secondary School is also a part of School District 93 Conseil scolaire francophone.

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone school in Campbell River: the école Mer-et-montagne primary school.[14]

Politics[edit]

In the House of Commons of Canada, Campbell River is represented by the riding of North Island-Powell River (Rachel Blaney, NDP). In the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Campbell River is represented by the North Island (Claire Trevena, NDP) riding.

The mayor of Campbell River is Andy Adams who was elected to office on November 15, 2014.

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by Campbell River Airport (YBL), Campbell River Water Aerodrome at Campbell River Harbour, a BC Ferries route to Quadra Island,[15] and an inland island highway and an oceanside island highway which connect the community to the rest of Vancouver Island.[16] Campbell River Transit System provides bus service to the city and neighbouring communities. Operated by Watson and Ash Transportation, the transit system is funded under a partnership between the City of Campbell River and BC Transit, the provincial agency which plans and manages municipal transit systems.

Movies filmed in Campbell River[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Media[edit]

  • Shaw TV Community Television
  • Campbell River Mirror Newspaper
  • 97.3 The Eagle Radio
  • 99.7 2day FM Radio
  • 88.7 Spirit FM Christian Radio

References[edit]

  1. ^ "First Voices". Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  2. ^ Artibise, Alan F.J: "Campbell River". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Pedersen, Diana (Winter 2011). "The Fish That Made Campbell River Famous". British Columbia History. 44 (4): 5–15. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  4. ^ "The Salmon Capital of the World". campbellrivertourism.com. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  5. ^ Field & Stream. 79, No. 2. June 1974. p. 65. ISSN 8755-8599.
  6. ^ a b c Fred Gebhart; Maxine Cass (18 September 2002). Vancouver and British Columbia. Thomas Cook Publishing. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-84157-230-7.
  7. ^ Susan Bowers (14 May 2004). Toads and Nettles: Memories of the North West Coast. Xlibris Corporation. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4134-4754-5.
  8. ^ Don Daniels, "Smolts growing in pens at Campbell River wharves will be released soon". Campbell River Mirror, Apr. 26, 2018
  9. ^ "CAMPBELL RIVER A". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  10. ^ "Campbell River Airport". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  11. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  12. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  13. ^ Jayne Seagrave (5 June 2014). Camping British Columbia and Yukon: The Complete Guide to National, Provincial, and Territorial Campgrounds. Heritage House. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-927527-60-3.
  14. ^ "Carte des écoles." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britanique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.
  15. ^ Ed Readicker-Henderson; Lynn Readicker-Henderson (2004). British Columbia: Adventure Guide. Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-58843-366-4.
  16. ^ Brett McGillivray (1 January 2011). Geography of British Columbia, Third Edition: People and Landscapes in Transition. UBC Press. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-7748-4519-9.
  17. ^ "An Essential Guide to the 'Planet of the Apes' Films". Exclaim!, Jun 29, 2017

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°1′28″N 125°14′51″W / 50.02444°N 125.24750°W / 50.02444; -125.24750