Cotton Belt Rail Line
|Cotton Belt Rail Line|
|System||Dallas Area Rapid Transit|
|Locale||Collin County, Dallas County, and Tarrant County Texas, USA|
|Termini||Shiloh Road Station|
DFW Airport/Terminal B station
|Daily ridership||7,000 (estimated)|
|Website||DART Cotton Belt Rail Line|
|Planned opening||December 28, 2022|
|Character||commuter rail on shared freight line|
|Depot(s)||Trinity Railway Express Maintenance Facility|
|Rolling stock||7 Diesel multiple unit sets|
|Line length||26 mi (41.84 km)|
|Track length||67.7 mi (108.95 km)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||79 mph (127 km/h)|
The Cotton Belt Rail Line is a planned 26-mile (42 km) commuter rail line traversing Collin, Dallas, and Tarrant Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The lines will provide service from Dallas's northeast suburbs of Plano, Richardson, and Addison to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Terminal B.
According to DART, the Cotton Belt Rail Line is "designed to provide a high-speed, reliable transit option for residents and commuters with connections to the existing and planned transit systems" and aims to improve transit travel times by providing an alternative to congested roadway networks.
The current name for the line comes from a former subsidiary of the Southern Pacific Railroad, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, commonly known as the Cotton Belt, which previously owned the line. DART purchased the right-of-way in 1990 for future transit use.
Cotton Belt service along the line has been in planning since the original 1983 DART Service Plan. DART previously bought the right-of-way to the 52 miles (84 km) Cotton Belt corridor train tracks in 1990 and freight trains had since ceased use of the tracks. The line was also included in DART's 2030 Transit System Plan. However, in 2010 DART scrapped much of their 2030 plan, citing deficits and drops in revenue. A proposal to use private funding to construct both the Dallas County and Tarrant County segments was considered, but this plan was abandoned after the Texas Legislature failed to enact legislation necessary to the plan during the 2013 state legislative session.
DART officials stated that without private funding options, the agency would not be able to build out the line until at least the mid-2030s. DART considered the possibility of using bus rapid transit as a less costly alternative for current funding.
DART announced in late August 2016 that the project could be fast tracked and completed by as early as 2022, after DART had noted that they had secured funds needed to complete the project. Construction is expected to commence in 2019 as DART secures a $908 million Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing federal loan by November 2018 to pay for most of the projected $1.1 billion cost. To cover the remainder of the line's cost, DART has asked some cities to pick up a share of the tab to help pay for the costs of stations in places where the line diverts from the freight track's path. The line is scheduled to open by December 28, 2022.
In late August 2018, the DART board voted to accept a plan which eliminated two previously-proposed stations, reducing the number of planned stations to 10.
Service would be offered seven days per week, with more frequent service during weekday morning and evening peak periods.
It is proposed that trains would operate in both directions every 30 minutes during the peak travel periods on weekdays of 6:00 am - 9:00 am and 3:00 pm - 7:00 pm and every 60 minutes during the non-peak travel periods of 9:00 am - 3:00 pm and after 7:00 pm. Service on Saturday, Sunday, and major holidays would be from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm operating in both directions every 60 minutes throughout the day.
The estimated one-way travel time from Shiloh Road station to the DFW Airport/Terminal B station is 60 minutes (and 59 minutes in the opposite direction). These run times include station dwell times of 30 seconds at all stations except for Downtown Carrollton, Addison Transit Center, CityLine/Bush, and 12th Street, where dwell times are one minute. This is in comparison to automobile travel time which ranges from 35 to 55 minutes, or more if there's an incident and DART's Orange Line from CityLine/Bush station to DFW Airport station which takes approximately 1.75 hours as it requires travel through downtown Dallas.
Each train will be staffed by engineer and a conductor. To allow for flexibility of assignments with a small overall staff, engineers and conductors will be cross-trained, certified, and qualified in both areas.
As of 2018[update], four companies move freight along the corridor: the Fort Worth and Western Railroad; the Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad; BNSF; and Kansas City Southern. The short line operations are limited to periods of non-peak passenger movements, but the Class I railroads are independently dispatched.
The line would also connect with the Denton County Transportation Authority A-train commuter rail line providing access to various Denton County locales and DART's Green Line providing access to Dallas Love Field and Downtown Dallas via Downtown Carrollton station.
In total, the alignment will traverse through three Counties including Tarrant, Dallas, and Collin Counties and seven cities including Grapevine, Coppell, Dallas, Carrollton, Addison, Richardson, and Plano.
There are 10 planned stations including:
|Station||Location||Municipality||Points of interest and notes|
|Shiloh Road station||Plano|
|12th Street station|
DART Light Rail: Red Line Orange Line (peak-hour only service)
|UT Dallas station||Points of interest:|
University of Texas at Dallas
|Knoll Trail Station|
|Downtown Carrollton station||Carrollton||Connections:|
DCTA Commuter Rail: A-train (via Trinity Mills station)
DART Light Rail: Green Line
|Cypress Waters station||Dallas|
|DFW North station||Grapevine||Connections:|
Trinity Metro Commuter Rail: TEXRail
|DFW Airport/Terminal B station||DFW Airport||Connections:|
Trinity Metro Commuter Rail: TEXRail
DART Light Rail: Orange Line (via pedestrian walkway to DFW Airport station)
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
According to DART's Cotton Belt Rail Line Draft Environmental Impact Statement, it is proposed that service will be provided by a fleet of 7 self-propelled diesel multiple unit sets consisting of four coach cars with a central power pack including four powered axles and eight unpowered axles. The train would be approximately 267 feet long with 224 seats and room for up to 254 standees. DART ultimately anticipates that an additional coach section would be added to the train, extending the total train length to 318 feet. Due to sharing assets with TEXrail, service simulations assumed train specifications similar to that line's rolling stock: the Stadler FLIRT. Additionally, segments of the Trinity Railway Express line and BNSF Madill Subdivision will be used for non-revenue movements to the TRE Maintenance Facility for service and storage.
Downtown Wylie Extension
An additional segment of the Cotton Belt line has been labeled for future expansion. Although no planning has occurred, Segment 3 would extend the route from Shiloh Road in Plano to Wylie, with stations in the downtowns of Murphy and Wylie. Neither of these towns are DART member cities. The Environmental Impact Statement released in 2018 suggests that trains may be eventually run along the TEXRail corridor to Fort Worth.
- Fink, Jack. "1st Look At Renderings Of Rail Stations Along Cotton Belt Commuter Line". 1st Look At Renderings Of Rail Stations Along Cotton Belt Commuter Line. CBS 11. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "Appendix B: Operations and Maintenance Plan" (PDF). DART. DART. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "Cotton Belt Corridor". Cotton Belt Regional Rail Corridor Information. Dallas Area Rapid Transit. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "Cotton Belt Corridor Regional Rail Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement" (PDF). Dallas Area Rapid Transit. April 2018. p. 370. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- Leszcynski, Ray (August 15, 2018). "Dispute over two North Dallas stations delays DART vote on Cotton Belt". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "DART Looks To Fast-Track The Cotton Belt Line To 2022". CBS 11 News. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
- Leszcynski, Ray (July 28, 2018). "Here are 4 things DART's Cotton Belt stations will mean for Plano". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- Lindenberger, Michael (April 28, 2010). "Money woes will force DART to cut jobs, rail plans". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
- Dickson, Gordon (May 29, 2013). "Cotton Belt funding bill dies in Legislature". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- Formby, Brandon (August 25, 2014). "DART to consider dedicated bus roads for long-languishing Cotton Belt rail corridor". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Leszcynski, Ray (March 18, 2018). "DART's $1.1 billion Cotton Belt plan about to come into public view". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- Leszcynski, Ray (12 December 2018). "With federal funding around the corner, DART names partners, awards $872 million for Cotton Belt rail". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- Leszcynski, Ray (August 29, 2018). "DART board deletes two North Dallas stations, sends $1.1 billion Cotton Belt on a path forward". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- "Cotton Belt Corridor Regional Rail Scoping Summary Report" (PDF). Dallas Area Rapid Transit. January 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2014.